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Comma usage

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Comma usage

  1. 1. Commas And Semicolons This time it’s going to stick!
  2. 2. COMMA USAGEThe Basics
  3. 3. Commas x 4L listsU unnecessary phrasesC combining sentences with coordinating conjunctionsI introductory elements Thanks for the acronym, Mr. Kreher.
  4. 4. ListsRule: Place a commaafter every item in thelist.Example:I need to bring mybackpack, my books,my calculator, and myoutside reading book.
  5. 5. ListsRule: Place a commaafter every item in thelist.Example:I need to bring mybackpack, my books,my calculator, and myoutside reading book.
  6. 6. ListsRule: Place a commaafter every item in thelist.Write your ownexample.
  7. 7. Unnecessary ElementsRule: Nonrestrictive Examples:clauses and phrases The girl behind theand other counter, who runs theparenthetical whole place, handedelements are set off me my change.with commas. If you work hard, however, you might just succeed.
  8. 8. Unnecessary ElementsRule: Nonrestrictive Examples:clauses and phrases The girl behind theand other counter, who runs theparentheticalelements are set off whole place, handedwith commas. me my change.Note: These commas If you work hard,work in pairs. however, you might just succeed.
  9. 9. Commas Used as Scissors Joe, the guy who lives down the street, gave me this rod and reel.
  10. 10. Commas Used to Set Off Direct Address Joe, the guy who lives down the street gave me this rod and reel.
  11. 11. Commas Used as Scissors Joe, the guy who lives down the street, gave me this rod and reel.
  12. 12. Commas Used as Scissors Joe, the guy who lives down the street gave me this rod and reel. Commas work in pairs if unnecessary information comes in the middle of the sentence.
  13. 13. Unnecessary ElementsRule: Nonrestrictive Write your ownclauses and phrases example.and otherparentheticalelements are set offwith commas.
  14. 14. Combining SentencesF for Rule: Use coordinating conjunctions to connectA and two complete sentencesN nor (independent clauses).B but Example:O or I want to go to the store,Y yet but my father will not let me drive myself.S so
  15. 15. Combining SentencesF for Rule: Use coordinating conjunctions to connectA and two complete sentencesN nor (independent clauses).B but Example:O or I want to go to the store,Y yet but my father will not let me drive myself.S so
  16. 16. Combining SentencesF for Rule: Use coordinating conjunctions to connectA and two complete sentencesN nor (independent clauses).B but Example:O or I want to go to the store,Y yet but my father will not let me drive myself.S so
  17. 17. Combining SentencesF for Rule: Use coordinating conjunctions to connectA and two complete sentencesN nor (independent clauses).B but Example:O or I want to go to the store,Y yet but my father will not let me drive myself.S so
  18. 18. Combining SentencesF for Write your own example.A andN norB butO orY yetS so
  19. 19. Introductory ElementsRule: Use commasafter introductory a)clauses, b) phrases, orc) words that comebefore the main clause.Example:Before you begin, besure to read all of thedirections.
  20. 20. Introductory ElementsRule: Use commasafter introductory a)clauses, b) phrases, orc) words that comebefore the main clause.Example:Before you begin, besure to read all of thedirections.
  21. 21. Introductory ElementsRule: Use commasafter introductory a)clauses, b) phrases, orc) words that comebefore the main clause.Example:Before you begin, besure to read all of thedirections.
  22. 22. Introductory ElementsWrite your ownexample.
  23. 23. SEMICOLONSThe Basics
  24. 24. Semicolons Connect
  25. 25. Semicolons connect related sentencesRule: ExampleEach side of the I shouldn’t be driving; Isemicolon must be an haven’t slept in twoindependent clause. days.Each side should beable to stand alone.
  26. 26. Semicolons connect related sentencesRule: ExampleEach side of the I shouldn’t be driving; Isemicolon must be an haven’t slept in twoindependent clause. days.Each side should beable to stand alone.
  27. 27. Semicolons connect related sentencesRule: ExampleEach side of the I shouldn’t be driving; Isemicolon must be an haven’t slept in twoindependent clause. days.Each side should beable to stand alone.
  28. 28. Semicolons connect related sentencesRule: ExampleEach side of the I shouldn’t be driving; Isemicolon must be an haven’t slept in twoindependent clause. days.Each side should beable to stand alone.
  29. 29. Semicolons connect related sentencesRule: Now you write anEach side of the example.semicolon must be anindependent clause.Each side should beable to stand alone.
  30. 30. Semicolons connect with conjunctiveadverbs • accordingly • nevertheless • consequently • furthermore • then • nowNOT • besides • thus • moreover• For • similarly • incidentally • finally• And • also • next • likewise• Nor • hence • thereafter • otherwise• But • namely • certainly • further• Or • still • indeed • meanwhile• Yet • anyway • nonetheless• So • however • therefore
  31. 31. Conjunctive AdverbSteve loves to dance; however, he is not a gooddancer.I drank a lot of water; therefore, I have to use thelittle girls room.I am a young rebel; often, I break the rules thatsociety has put in front of me.If we do not retaliate, our nation will be destroyed;furthermore, our soldiers will have died in vain.

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