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Mk epn seminar-panel-for-public

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SP architecture and NFV - reality check and takeaways

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Mk epn seminar-panel-for-public

  1. 1. 2"April"2015" Miya"Kohno"(Moderator),"Cisco"Systems" “Service"Provider"Architecture” " B"NFV "B"" Cisco"EPN"Seminar"Panel"Discussion
  2. 2. Cisco Confidential 2© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. “Service"Provider"Architecture” " −"NFV B"" " " " •  NTTBCommunicaJons" " •  KDDI " •  SoLbank"Mobile " Moderator":"Cisco"Systems" "
  3. 3. Cisco Confidential 3© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. “Service"Provider"Architecture” " −"NFV B"" " •  " " " •  SDN/NFV " •  Hype Buzzword "
  4. 4. Cisco Confidential 4© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. ( )"Service"Provider"Architecture " 1985" Mobility(:(2G((((((((((((((((((((((3G((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((4G/LTE 5G( 1996 OCN" 1997 ODN,"DION" 2000 Yahoo"BB!"(SB)"ADSL " 2001 NTTBCom"Arcstar,"KDDI"IPBVPN" 2000 JT"(SB)"SOLTERIA" 2009"KDDI"WVS"" 2011"" NTTBCom"Universal"ONE" 2008"NTTBNGN"" 1990" 2000" 2010" Telephony" TCP/IP,"Everything"over"IP/MPLS,"SDNBNFV" ??!" 1999 JT"(SB)"PRISM"
  5. 5. Cisco Confidential 5© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Panel"Discussion"Agenda" 1." " " " " 2."Reality"Check"!!" " " " 3."What"is"your"takeaway?!" " "
  6. 6. Cisco Confidential 6© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. (1)" " "
  7. 7. Cisco Confidential 7© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. •  •  •  HW •  end-to-end •  •  (2)"Reality"Check!" Source":"Cisco"CVG" NFV … ?!
  8. 8. Cisco Confidential 8© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. (3)"What"is"your"takeaway?"" • Market"Trend" "Hype" " •  " B  " B  " Source":"Gartner"Hype"curve"
  9. 9. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved. !  !  •  1995 NTT •  1999 NTT •  2001 IPv6 •  2001 Interop ShowNet NOC •  2007 2012 NiCT JGN-PJ •  2012 21 … "  "  "  NFV !  SE … •  …
  10. 10. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved.
  11. 11. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved.
  12. 12. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved. !  1 Virtual Network Function = “ ” 1 Virtual Appliance(VA) !  NAT, Firewall, DPI 3 VA !  Web NOC NFV : Hyper Visor NAT Firewall DPI NAT : Firefly Firewall : CSR1000V DPI : FortiGateVM
  13. 13. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved. !  •  •  !  •  •  !  •  •  •  "  •  " 
  14. 14. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved.
  15. 15. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved. - 1 3 NFV - 1 - - - - NFV - OK -
  16. 16. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved. DevOps -NFV - [ ] [ ] - - DPI [ ] [ ]
  17. 17. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved. 1Gbps 1Gbps Internet 10Gbps 10Gbps Internet 100Mbps 100Mbps Internet
  18. 18. Copyright © NTT Communications Corporation. All right reserved. !  #  #  #  !  br10 eth2 eth1 eth3eth4 br20 br30
  19. 19. !  KDDI IP "  WVS2 •  WVS "  2 •  N(F)V SDN NW IP/ / !  ETSI NFV, ONF, IETF "  NFV White Paper Use Case "  IETF ccamp pce WG !  WVS2 NFV Copyright © 2015 KDDI Corporation. All Rights Reserved 4/2/15 ETSI GS NFV 001 V1.1.1 (2013-10) Network Functions Virtualisation (NFV); Use Cases Disclaimer This document has been produced and approved by the Network Functions Virtualisation (NFV) ETSI Industry Specification Group (ISG) and represents the views of those members who participated in this ISG. It does not necessarily represent the views of the entire ETSI membership. Group Specification Network Functions Virtualisation – Introductory White Paper Issue 1 Network Functions Virtualisation An Introduction, Benefits, Enablers, Challenges & Call for Action OBJECTIVES This is a non-proprietary white paper authored by network operators. The key objective for this white paper is to outline the benefits, enablers and challenges for Network Functions Virtualisation (as distinct from Cloud/SDN) and the rationale for encouraging an international collaboration to accelerate development and deployment of interoperable solutions based on high volume industry standard servers. CONTRIBUTING ORGANISATIONS & AUTHORS AT&T: Margaret Chiosi. BT: Don Clarke, Peter Willis, Andy Reid. CenturyLink: James Feger, Michael Bugenhagen, Waqar Khan, Michael Fargano. China Mobile: Dr. Chunfeng Cui, Dr. Hui Deng. Colt: Javier Benitez. Deutsche Telekom: Uwe Michel, Herbert Damker. KDDI: Kenichi Ogaki, Tetsuro Matsuzaki. NTT: Masaki Fukui, Katsuhiro Shimano. Orange: Dominique Delisle, Quentin Loudier, Christos Kolias. Telecom Italia: Ivano Guardini, Elena Demaria, Roberto Minerva, Antonio Manzalini. Telefonica: Diego López, Francisco Javier Ramón Salguero. Telstra: Frank Ruhl. https://portal.etsi.org/Portals/0/TBpages/NFV/Docs/NFV_White_Paper.pdf http://docbox.etsi.org/ISG/NFV/Open/Published/ gs_NFV001v010101p%20-%20Use%20Cases.pdf https://tools.ietf.org/rfc/rfc7025.txt
  20. 20. KDDI 株式会社 IP 4/2/15
  21. 21. !  "  •  >>> CAPEX/OPEX "  •  "  •  •  Copyright © 2015 KDDI Corporation. All Rights Reserved 4/2/15
  22. 22. !  "  •  VM "  •  Copyright © 2015 KDDI Corporation. All Rights Reserved 4/2/15 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 HW VM
  23. 23. !  Google "  The Datacenter as a Computer An Introduction to the Design of Warehouse-Scale Machines •  Luiz André Barroso and Urs Hölzle, http://www.morganclaypool.com/doi/abs/10.2200/S00516ED2V01Y201306CAC024 "  ( ) •  •  99.84% availability "  •  1.2~2 / / 10 / /2000 Copyright © 2015 KDDI Corporation. All Rights Reserved 4/2/15 109 week—approximately 1% of the population—the average annualized restart rate drops to 2.53. In another internal study conducted recently (data courtesy of Andrew Morgan, Google Inc, 2013) planned server unavailability events were factored out from the total machine unavailability. The remaining unavailability can be attributed to server crashes or lack of networking reachability and it indicates that a server can stay up for an average of nearly two years (0.5 unplanned restart rate). This is consistent with our intuition that most restarts are due to planned events such as software and hardware upgrades. Figure 7.3: Distribution of machine downtime, observed at Google over 6 months. The average annu- alized restart rate across all machines is 4.2, corresponding to a mean time between restarts of just less 7.3. MACHINE-LEVEL FAILURES
  24. 24. Copyright © 2015 KDDI Corporation. All Rights Reserved 4/2/15 ( 2015/4~): 1 3 !  (1 ) by CloudHarmony "  https://cloudharmony.com/status-1year-group-by-regions-and-provider as of 2015/3/22
  25. 25. 4/2/15 Heartbleed VM 2015/3/3 http://googlecloudplatform.blogspot.jp/2015/03/Google-Compute-Engine-uses-Live-Migration-technology-to-service-infrastructure-without-application-downtime.html 2015/1/10 1 48 ( 40 ) http://www.informationweek.com/cloud/infrastructure-as-a-service/verizon-cloud-outage-draws-overblown-angst/a/d-id/1318564 2015/3/8 10 45 VM http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2015/03/09/google-traces-sundays-cloud-outage-to-faulty-patch/ Copyright © 2015 KDDI Corporation. All Rights Reserved
  26. 26. !  !  "  •  (Disjoint Shared Risk Group) •  (Disperse Service Resource) "  "  •  "  !  "  •  Copyright © 2015 KDDI Corporation. All Rights Reserved 4/2/15 OSS +α
  27. 27. Copyright © 2015 KDDI Corporation. All Rights Reserved 4/2/15
  28. 28. 自己紹介 ソフトバンクモバイル株式会社 技術統括 ネットワーク本部 ネットワークアーキテクチャ開発室 / 技術情報部 担当部長 西 和人 ! 担当業務 NWアーキテクチャ策定 新技術評価・導入 グローバルNW、サービス開発支援 NW設備関連システム開発 ・次世代NSPコンソーシアム
  29. 29. NFV Reality ! 費用対効果について " VNF/NFVI/COTS vs 専用機 – 「品質と価格」のバランスが取れないケースも – Zero-Loss Throughputの壁 – ベアメタル捨てられない " レイヤの分離による保守コスト増加 – ロックオンの入り口 " 頑張って検証、頑張ってチューニング – 仮想IO系技術でがんばる(DPDK, SR-IOV・・・)
  30. 30. NFV Reality(2) ! MANO " インタフェイスが複雑 – ETSI仕様通りに実装するの? – スキーマ、モデル " 発生する大量のイベントをどう扱うか – 10万ノード、100万ノード – Auto Scaling, Self Healing – Deep Learning, コグニティブ? ! VNF / Controller開発保守 " ベンダーさん「年額ライセンスを対象VM数だけ買ってね」 " 作る?買う?保守はどうする? " OSSのパワーを どううまく利用する? " 既存Toolchainの活用とアレンジ
  31. 31. NFV Reality(3) ! 標準化と相互接続性 " ETSI NFV ISG, IETF, ITU-T, TMforum… " 標準準拠が相互接続を担保する状況まで、遠い " 現状は「検証命」 ! よくわからない前提が横行 " 去年あたり、よくあった会話 – 「VXxxxx EXXxのverxxxでないと動作保証できません」 – 「その程度のメモリではとてもとても」 – 「全て弊社の製品であれば動くんですけど」 " 「おれおれデータ」が横行(チャンピオンデータ) – 「構成は?」「さあ?」というケースは、いまでもあります " スタンダード、Tipsがない。相互接続データが足りない – Interop、次世代NSPコンソーシアム
  32. 32. Telecom DevOps 検証も含めた自動化への挑戦 Business Agileなサービス展開への挑戦 VNF, Controller(, NFVI)開発 向いていない領域の見極め Model-Drivenなオペレーション 既存NWの抽象化と表現 複雑な仕様・IF・コンポーネントを「文書化」 自動化、運用監視、性能評価に寄与 YANG ‒ IETF, ETSI tail-fの進化を期待 Take away
  33. 33. Cisco Confidential 9© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. (2)"Reality"Check!"–"wrapBup" •  " •  " •  " •  " •  " •  " •  " •  " •  " • 
  34. 34. Cisco Confidential 10© 2013-2014 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. (3)"What"is"your"takeaway?"–"wrapBup" •  " •  DevOps,"Service"Chaining " •  Scale"up/down " •  " •  " •  Telecom"DevOps" •  ModelBdriven "
  35. 35. Thank you.

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