Human existence in Peru dated back to 9000 B.C. Incas were the native American tribe that inhabited most of South American. In late 1400s Conquistadors invaded South America they: Enslaved Natives • Convert to Christianity Brought on Disease (i.e. small pox, measles, influenza…) Center of Spain’s colonial Govt. until early 19th Century. One of the last South American countries to gain independence.
Ruins in the Capital of the Incan Empire, located atop mountains in the region of Cusco. Referred to, at times, as “The Lost City the Incas” Construction began AD 1400 and was never finished due to the invasion of the Spaniards Rediscovered in 1911 by historian Hiram Bingham.
Peru’s currency are called Sol $1 is worth about 2.73 Soles Peru, along with the rest of the Latin American countries, have more colorful currency than the US. Peru’s economy is much more volitile than the US economy. 1989 GDP -11.7% ▪ US 1991GDP -0.26% 1994GDP+12.84% ▪ US 1994GDP +4.11% Taking a picture of Peruvian Nuevo Soles, worth 2.73 to a dollar on average, shows a water mark strip just like U.S. Dollars.
Metals Copper Gold Iron Steel Agriculture Coffee Fish Fruits and Vegetables Pharmaceuticals
Peru is a Presidential Current President: Representative Ollanta Humala Democratic Republic 5 year terms Government officials Cannot run for re- are elected by the election for one full people. term. Has a Unicameral Controls Military : Congress Army, Navy, and Air Force 5 year terms Appoint Prime Minister 130 members and Council of Ministers
Capitol : Lima Population: 29.5 Million (4th largest is South America) Peru was divided into 24 departments Nov. 18, 2002 Pres. Alan Garcia regionalizes Peru. Now 26 Regions and Lima Province 60% of Peru is Amazon Jungle. 10% of the country is Govt. preserved 3rd biggest country in South America,
Diversity of Peru Amerindian 45% Mestizo (Amerindian and white) 37% White 15% Black, Japanese, Chine se, other 3% Peru has a dominantly young population. 43% of total population between 18 an 24 years of age.
Exchange rate; www.exchange- rates.org Wikipedia.org Peru Ethnic Groups http://www.indexmundi. com/peru/ethnic_groups .html