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  1. 1. VENEZUELA<br />
  2. 2. VENEZUELA’S GEOGRAPHY<br />Venezuela is 352,144 square miles, that makes it about twice the size of California.<br />Venezuela is a country in Northern South America<br />It is part of Caribbean South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean<br />The country has a 2,800-kilometer coastline<br /> It is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by Guyana, on the south by Brazil, and on the west by Colombia<br />The temperate zone ranges between 800 and 2,000 meters with averages from 12°C to 25°C; many of Venezuela&apos;s cities<br />The country has a vast difference in climate depending on the elevation<br />Although the country lies mainly in the tropics it can average below 8°C in the high mountain areas known as the páramos, this results in snowfields all year long. <br />Most of the country has a distinct rainy season which is May through November and is commonly referred to as winter<br />June through October is known as their summer<br />Average yearly rainfall in the lowlands and plains range from 430 millimeters in the western part of the Caribbean coastal areas to around 1,000 millimeters in the Orinoco Delta<br />
  4. 4. VENEZUELA’S GEOGRAPHY<br />Flowing more than 2,500 kilometers to the Atlantic from its source in the Guiana highlands at the Brazilian border, the Orinoco is the world&apos;s eighth largest river and the largest in South America after the Amazon<br />Angel falls, the picture in the upper left is the largest Waterfall in world<br />Its flow varies substantially by season, with the high water level in August and the low levels in March<br />The other major Venezuelan river is the fast-flowing Caroní(lower left), which originates in the Guiana highlands and flows northward into the Orinoco upstream from Ciudad Guyana<br />The Caroní is capable of producing as much hydroelectric power as any river in Latin America <br />It has contributed significantly to the nation&apos;s electric power production<br />
  5. 5. VENEZUELA’S PEOPLE<br />Population: 25,017,387 (July 2004 est.)<br />Ethnic Make-up: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people<br />Religions:<br />Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%<br />
  6. 6. VENEZUELA’S PEOPLE<br />Venezuelans pride themselves on their hospitality<br />In villages it is common for members of the extended family to live close to one another, often on the same block<br /> Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Venezuelan constitution<br />Venezuelans often speak less formally than people in most other Spanish-speaking countries<br />
  7. 7. VENEZUELA’S CULTURE<br />In the years that followed the conquest, the Spanish colonists came to entirely shape the national culture of Venezuela.<br />Pre-Columbian art in Venezuela consisted mainly of rock carvings and cave paintings in the form of petroglyphs<br />The music of Venezuela was the product of intermingling of the African, Spanish and native music<br />Gaita is one of the important traditional music of the country which is mainly performed during the festival seasons<br />Joropo is the national dance of Venezuela. Salsa is one of the most popular dance forms in this country. <br />
  8. 8. VENEZUELA’S CULTURE<br />Venezuela Culture has been greatly influenced by its history. <br />The indigenous people and the Spanish conquest have all had considerable influence in the culture of the land. <br />Spanish is spoken by majority. However, native languages are prevalent in certain parts of the country<br />Folk music of Venezuela also forms an important part of Venezuela Culture.<br />There are four separate public holidays that commemorate independence, during which time flags are flown outside private houses as well as public buildings and there are street parades<br />
  9. 9. VENEZUELA’S HISTORY<br />Venezuela is officially titled Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela<br />Venezuela was first colonized by Spain in 1522 in what is now Cumaná<br />under the leadership of Francisco de Miranda, a Venezuelan marshal who had fought in the French Revolution—declared independenceon July 5, 1811, whichbegan the Venezuelan War of Independence<br />Sovereignty was only attained after Simón Bolívar, aided by José Antonio Páez and Antonio José de Sucre, won the Battle of Caraboboon June 24, 1821<br />Venezuela has been an independent republic since 1821<br />This is a picture of Simón Bolívar, who helped Venezuela gain independence. <br />
  10. 10. VENEZUELA’S HISTORY<br />In ancient times, Venezuela was paradise for the Indians who lived on its beaches, in its tropical forests, and on the gentle grasslands of the llanos<br />There were three main groups: the Carib, Arawak, and the Chibcha.<br />Christopher Columbus was the first European to visit Venezuela<br /> He came in 1498 during his third voyage to the New World, and landed on the Peninsula de Paria<br />More explorers came a year later, and it was Alonso de Ojeda who gave the country its name. <br />He admired the stilted houses that the Indians had build above the lake and called the place Venezuela, which means &quot;Little Venice.&quot;<br />
  11. 11. Websites used for PowerPoint<br />,%20Orinoco%20Basin,%20Canaima%20National%20Park,%20Venezuela.html<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />