Peru By Graham, Kieran And Caleb


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This is a pupil presentation called the S1 Citizenship Challenge. 2010 the theme was Latin America. Pupils of S1 Hamilton Grammar were assigned a country to research and present back. The class winners progress to the Year Group Final. This was exemplified as good practice for Curriculum for Excellence when it was S1 African Adventure.

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Peru By Graham, Kieran And Caleb

  1. 1. Peru By Graham, Kieran and Caleb 1P4 Mr McGowan S1 Americas Adventure
  2. 2. Peru <ul><li>The Capital City Is Lima </li></ul><ul><li>The Other Major Cities Are Arequipa, Cuzco And Trujillo </li></ul><ul><li>There Currency Is Nuevo Sol </li></ul><ul><li>Some Of The Main Products are Copper, Gold and Zinc </li></ul><ul><li>Flag- It has 2 names- El Pendon Bicolor and the La Ensena Nacional </li></ul><ul><li>Religions-75% Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Language- Aymara, Spanish, Quechua </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The history of Peru spans several millennia. Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, 1 of the oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, The largest state in Pre-Columbian America. It was conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16 th centaury, which established a Viceroyalty with jurisdiction over most of it's South American domains. Independence was declared in 1821 but consolidated on after the Battle of Ayacucho, 3 years later. </li></ul>History
  4. 4. People <ul><li>Since pre-Columbian times Peruvians have been divided by nature. From the arid deserts of the coasts, the Andean Sierra rises up to 19,700 feet. The highlands comprise about a quarter of Peru's population. This mountain mass poses major problems for development and integration into a single society. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Charity Projects <ul><li>In Peru children in the poorest areas are 10 to 12 times more likely to die before their fifth birthday than the children of the richest 20%. One of the many charity projects is Save The Children they are trying to rise the quality of education and keep them away from violence. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Wildlife <ul><li>Peru has lots of wildlife, most of which is in the Amazon rainforest and the Andes. </li></ul><ul><li>Peru has over 1,800 species of birds,500 species of mammals and over 300 species of reptiles. </li></ul><ul><li>Peru has the second largest population of birds in the world. New species are still being discovered and 42 spices have been added to science in the last 30 years. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Peru's reptile species includes creatures like giant anacondas and caimans, as well as many other snakes, lizards and turtles. </li></ul><ul><li>Out of the 500 species 70 are endemic and about 100 are threatened or endangered. </li></ul>Peru's reptile fauna
  8. 8. Terrain <ul><li>Peru is split up in to the major areas the coast the Andes and the Amazon rainforest. The Andes are a huge mountain range. Peru borders the South Pacific Ocean, and shares borders with Chile and Ecuador. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Landmarks <ul><li>High in the Andes mountains of Peru. A mysterious settlement that the Incas built, occupied, and deserted, all in less than a centaury. This is Machu Picchu. </li></ul><ul><li>For hundreds of years the city was hidden in the jungle. Then, in 1911, a Yale Professor named Hiram Bingham led a university </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lets see what you can remember Q:1 what is the capital of Peru? Lima Q:2 What are the 3 main areas of Peru ? Andes, rainforest, coast Q:3 When was Machu picchu? 1911
  11. 11. Thanks for listening