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Leech Farming Guide


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Facts about leech farming, Profit behind Leech Breeding, Leech Breeding Setup, Leech for usage, Products and medical therapy.

Published in: Business, Technology

Leech Farming Guide

  1. 1. Leech Farming Guide By Sean Quah
  2. 2. Leech Facts <ul><li>650 known leech species. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 5 species. </li></ul><ul><li>Largest ever discover measured 1.5 feets </li></ul><ul><li>Leech has 32 brains. </li></ul><ul><li>Leech lay babies within cocoon – quantities as many as 300 </li></ul><ul><li>Unisex, Hermaphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>As hermaphrodites, leeches have both male and female sex organs. Like the earthworms they also have a clitellum, a region of thickened skin which is only obvious during the reproductive period. Mating involves the intertwining of bodies where each deposits sperm in the others' clitellar area. Rhyncobdellids have no penis but produce sharp packages of sperm which are forced through the body wall. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Leech Facts <ul><li>The sperm then make their way to the ovaries where fertilization takes place. The clitella secretes a tough gelatinous cocoon which contains nutrients, and it is in this that the eggs are deposited. </li></ul><ul><li>The leech shrugs itself free of the cocoon, sealing it as it passes over the head. </li></ul><ul><li>The cocoon is either buried or attached to a rock, log or leaf and dries to a foamy crust. After several weeks or months, the young emerge as miniature adults. Studies show that the cocoons are capable of surviving the digestive system of a duck. Leeches die after one or two bouts of reproduction. </li></ul><ul><li>3 Sets of Jaw – Each Jaw 100 teeth </li></ul>
  4. 4. Leech Facts <ul><li>Bite of a leech is painless due to its own anaesthetic </li></ul><ul><li>Hirudo injects an anti-coagulant serum into the victim to prevent the blood clotting. </li></ul><ul><li>The leech will gorge itself until it has had its fill and then just fall off </li></ul><ul><li>After the Hirudo leech drops off the wound it leaves will bleed, on average, for ten hours </li></ul><ul><li>HIRUDO MEDICINALIS is the leech mostly used in plastic and reconstructive surgery </li></ul><ul><li>By extracting the anti-clotting serum from the leech researchers are isolating new pharmaceutical compounds for eventual treatment of heart diseases </li></ul>
  5. 5. Leech Farming <ul><li>What Leech Farming? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give nature a helping hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect endanger species and prevent disruption of natural ecosystem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide sufficient and high quality leeches for the help of medical field. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Usage <ul><li>Enzyme Extract for dilute blood clog (Heart Problem) </li></ul><ul><li>Male Enhancement – Viagra and Leech Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmetics = Lipsticks (Maybeline) </li></ul><ul><li>Leech therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inflammatory Reactions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heart Diseases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rheumatic Diseases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tendovaginitis and Tendinitis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Venous Disease and Varicose Veins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arthrosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arthritis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle Tension </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antidyscratic therapy ( blood purification and regeneration) of toxicoses and mental illnesses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thrombosis and embolism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Passive congestions and spastic conditions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vertebrogenic Pain Syndromes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transudates and exudates </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Leech Farming <ul><li>Why Leech Farming? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breeding multiplication factor up to 300x </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost start-up and high return </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require minimum space/area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Odorless unlike fish farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost feed - Eel, Vegetation, Root, Peat, Cat Fish, Coconut, Moss. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require minimum maintenance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High demand and varieties of usage. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Return of Investment <ul><li>Example. </li></ul>Given capital of RM3000 (USD833.00) Convertion rate : 3.6 Mature leech : RM1.60 - RM5.00 (depend on size, species, availability and locations) Leech Pool/tank & Setup Cost : RM250 - RM1500 (depend of size of pool, material used, and locations) Leech Food : RM600 for 6 months (Again depend of type of food, avaibility and size of tank) Facts about Leech Farming Leech grow & mature periods : 6- 12 months Breeding factor : 200x-300x
  9. 9. Return of Investment <ul><li>Example. </li></ul>Example Investment Calculation Mature Leech = RM4.00/pc Quantity of 500 mature leeches: RM4.00 x 500 = RM2000 Leech pool and setup cost = RM600 using poly tank with outdoor canopy. 12 Months food cost for 500 leeches : RM33 x 12 = RM400 (Diet dependant) Your total investment will be (RM2000+RM600+RM400) = RM3000 What is your return? Nos of leech after 12 months = (500x300)= 150000 Since leeches can able to multiply by 200x to 300x Let say the Surviving rate (Yield) = 50% The mature leech produce = 150,000 x 50% = 75,000 leeches. The gross profit will be = 75,000 x RM1.50 (vary according market price) = RM112,500 (USD31,250) Your Return of Investment = 112,500 - 3,000 = RM 109,500.00
  10. 10. Leech Breeding <ul><li>Choices of pool/tank </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earthen Pond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canvas Pond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete Tank/Custom build concrete pool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyethylene Tanks (Poly Tank) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glass Aquarium. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any large liquid container with wide base will be suitable. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Leech Breeding <ul><li>Leech Breeding Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark and Still Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water PH slightly above 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of Rain Water/ Underground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pool/Tank Pre Conditioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature 5-29 °C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free of leech egg predator (snail, fish, and insect) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover netting to prevent leech escape. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aquatics vegetation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EM Bacteria (enhancement, auto cleaning) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover with root/canopy from rain. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Leech Market <ul><li>Live Leech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enzyme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leech Therapy – Clinic, SPA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dry Leech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frozen Leech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food – sushi </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Leech Safety <ul><li>Survive in human body </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention – Wash with Salt </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional method - Honey </li></ul><ul><li>Transmit HIV, Hepatitis </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid from Children </li></ul>
  14. 14. More Information <ul><li>Visit out online website at </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>