indiscriminate use of antibiotics in animal husbandry as well as human medicine is leading to ever increasing multi-drug resistance even pan-drug resistance. the situation is getting even grimmer in face of hardly any antibiotic developed in the last 25 years. WHO has published guidelines on infection control. it is the duty of every clinician to take situation in their hand, get oriented in judicious antibiotic usage and use sanitation in their clinical practice. principles of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis must be known to every surgeon and be adhered to strictly.