Relative clauses

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Relative clauses

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES
  2. 2. RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>Mary is the girl. </li></ul><ul><li>She loves going to the cinema. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary is the girl who/that loves going to the cinema. </li></ul>
  3. 3. CHARACTERISTICS. <ul><li>Mary is the girl who loves going to the cinema. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to join information which is repeated. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of relative pronoun: who; which; that; where; when; whose, why… </li></ul><ul><li>Some elements could be omitted. </li></ul>
  4. 4. RELATIVE PRONOUNS. <ul><li>Depending on the antecedent (the name they make reference to). </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: That is the boy . The boy broke the window yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>R.C: That is the boy who broke the window yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>( Who makes reference to the boy). </li></ul>
  5. 5. RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>Who: To refer to people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: She is the woman who brought the cake. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which: To refer to animals/things. </li></ul><ul><li> Ex: MTC is a company which offers concerts around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>That: People/ objects </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: This is the dog that bit my cousin last summer. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The teacher who arrives on time. </li></ul>
  6. 6. OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>Whose: To express possession (cuyo/a): whose+ noun </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The woman whose mobile phone was ringing. </li></ul><ul><li>When: To express time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The day when the volcano erupted. </li></ul><ul><li>Where: To express place </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The bank where my friends keep all their money. </li></ul>
  7. 7. OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>WHY: To express reason (por lo que) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The reason why she came back home… </li></ul><ul><li>WHOM: For people (after preposition) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The flight attendant is the person to whom you have to talk. (Formal language) </li></ul><ul><li>or: The flight attendant is the person (who) you have to talk to. (Informal language) </li></ul>
  8. 8. DEFINE THESE WORDS <ul><li>An engineer: design roads and bridges </li></ul><ul><li>A cook: prepare food </li></ul><ul><li>A postman: deliver letters </li></ul><ul><li>A footballer: play matches and kick a ball </li></ul><ul><li>A waiter: serve customers in a restaurant </li></ul><ul><li>A journalist: write news stories for newspapers </li></ul>
  9. 9. DEFINE THESE WORDS <ul><li>An engineer is a person who designs roads and bridges. </li></ul><ul><li>A cook is someone who prepares food. </li></ul><ul><li>A postman is a person that delivers letters. </li></ul><ul><li>A footballer is someone who plays matches and kicks a ball. </li></ul><ul><li>A waiter is a person who serves customers in a restaurant. </li></ul><ul><li>A journalist is a person that writes news stories for newspapers </li></ul>
  10. 10. COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>1.What was the film? You were watching it. </li></ul><ul><li>2.That is the car. I saw it earlier. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Are they the books? We read them last year. </li></ul><ul><li>4.He is the student. He was my classmate. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Is that the woman? Her sister is my teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>6.This is the place. Everyone plays chess here. </li></ul><ul><li>7.We bought a computer. The computer doesn’t work properly. </li></ul><ul><li>8.My brother studies at your school. The school is next to the hospital. </li></ul>
  11. 11. COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>1.What was the film which you were watching? </li></ul><ul><li>2.That is the car which I saw earlier. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Are they the books which we read yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>4.He is the student who was my classmate. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Is that the woman whose sister was my teacher? </li></ul><ul><li>6.This is the place where everyone plays chess. </li></ul><ul><li>7. We bought a computer which doesn’t work properly. </li></ul><ul><li>8. My brother studies at your school which is next to the hospital. </li></ul>

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