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Past progressive and simple past


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Past progressive and simple past

  1. 1. 1 Past Progressive and Simple PastSomeone Stole His Briefcase! Focus on Grammar 3 Part I, Unit 4 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. Reporting to the Police 1 I was was aboutcup of coffee, It having a ten in the morning, andwatching the in and I was I was sitting Maxi’s Caféin the City Park. people near café. What did you What were yousee? doing?
  3. 3. Reporting to the Police 2 To my right,there was another young HeShe Suddenly, there was a young woman. was To my left, man. man. He snatched the redand reading a ran away with it was eating a huge dish of ice cream. She A drinking coffee briefcase and newspaper. big fast that no one knew what was happening. so red briefcase was standing next to his feet. was enjoying it. After the man stole the briefcase, we were all talking loudly. The owner of the briefcase was very upset!
  4. 4. Past Progressive Use the past progressive to describe an action that was in progress at a specific time in the past. I was having coffee. She was eating ice cream. 10 a.m. nowpast future was having was eating
  5. 5. Be Careful!Non-action verbs are not usually used in theprogressive. Note the exception with have. I was having a headache. I had a headache. I was having coffee. She was having ice cream. Here the meaning of have is eat or drink. drink
  6. 6. Past Progressive & Simple Past 1 Use past progressive with simple past to describe an action that was interrupted by another action. They were enjoying the morning when the thief stole the briefcase. stole now futurepast were enjoying
  7. 7. Past Progressive & Simple Past 2 Use past progressive for the action in progress. Use when and the simple past for the action that interrupts. The man was reading the newspaper when the thief snatched his briefcase. snatched now past future was reading
  8. 8. Past Progressive & Simple Past 3 Use past progressive to focus on the duration of an action. Use simple past to focus on the completion of an action. I was sitting in Maxi’s Café and watching the people there. people. The thief stole the briefcase and ran away. nowpast future was sitting / was watching
  9. 9. What were you and others Practice 1 doing? Answer the questions using the past progressive.Example:What were you doing when I called this morning? I was trying to wake up when you called. called1. What were you doing when the phone rang last night?2. What were your friends doing at 6 p.m. yesterday evening?3. What were you doing last weekend?4. What was the teacher doing when you first saw her/him today?
  10. 10. Past Progressive with While 1 Use past progressive with while to describe two actions in progress at the same time in the past. The man was reading the newspaper while the woman was eating her ice cream. now past future was reading was eating
  11. 11. Past Progressive with While 2 Use past progressive with while to describe two actions in progress at the same time in the past. While While I was describing the theft, the police the theft, the police officer was writing officer was writing everything down. everything down. nowpast future was describing was writing
  12. 12. Time Clauses The time clause (= the part with while or when) can come at the beginning or the end of the sentence. no co mmaThey were having coffeewhen the thief snatched the briefcase.When the thief snatched the briefcase ,they were having coffee. !!! a m com
  13. 13. Be Careful! Sentences with both clauses in the simple past have a different meaning from sentences with one clause in the simple past and one in the past progressive. When the waiter came, came First the waiter came; then I I looked at the menu. looked at the First I was menu. When the waiter came, came looking at the menu; then the I was looking at the menu. waiter came. came nowpast came was looking future looked
  14. 14. Form sentences with while. Practice 2 Use the past progressive.Example: read / steal While the man was reading, the prisoner was stealing his wallet. reading1. talk / drink 3. play / watch 4. not look / burn2. shine / splash 5. talk / sit4. While the woman was not looking, the toastthe was3. While one sun waswere talking, fountain waswas tea. 1. 2. man wasshininglookingthe other splashing.5. While the woman was talking onthey phone, manman was the women shining, the the were drinking playing pool, talking splashingburning.burningsitting in the chair.watching. watching
  15. 15. ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved.