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  1. 1. Poverty Citizenship Stage 2 Done By: Marcus Tan Jia Sheng Wong Yu Jie Goh Jian Kai Colin Leong Nigel Wang Wei Qiang
  2. 2. Table Of Contents .What is Porverty .Facts about Porverty .Porverty Stastistics .How poverty affects world hunger .Organisations aiding in relief of poverty All values are calculated in US dollars
  3. 3. Poverty Poverty is defined as the state which one lacks a certain materialistic possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution is the lack of basic human needs (food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health)
  4. 4. Poverty Facts - About 50% of the world live on less than $2.50 - At least 80% live on less than $10 - The poorest 40% of the world's population account for only 5% of global income - Due to the high price of medicine, there are 350-500 million cases of malaria, with 1 million fatalities. dated 2005
  5. 5. Poverty Statistics - 640 million children without adequate shelter - 400 million children without access to safe water - 270 million children with no access to health services - 121 million children without education - 2.2 million children die each year because they are not immunised -1.6 billion people live without electricity - based on the book by Jeffrey Sachs, The End of Poverty, it would take 175 billion USD annually to end poverty in the world.
  6. 6. World Hunger Facts • 1 Billion people around the world are undernourished -Not enough calories per day -Susceptible to illness -Unable to lead proper lives -According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to starvation and thirst
  7. 7. • World Hunger Facts • Chronic Undernourishment -persistent lack of access to necessary vitamins and minerals in early childhood -leads to health problems later in life even if the patient later receives adequate nutrition.
  8. 8. Countries that are most affected by Poverty - Afghanistan - Bangladesh - Canada - China - Eritrea - Ethopia - India -Jamaica -Mali - Mozanbique - Niger - North Korea - Russia - Rwanda -Urkaine
  9. 9. Organisations Aid in relief of Poverty & world hunger -Grameen Bank Grameen Bank, a microfinance* institution working in Bangladesh, was one of the pioneers of microcredit, along with the Latin American non-governmental organization ACCION International. Grameen Bank was founded by Muhammad Yunus, often called the 'inventor' of microcredit, and serves millions of poor Bengalis, especially women. Community-based savings bank in Cambodia. There is a rich variety of financial institutions which serve microentrepreneurs and small businesses. Microfianance- a form of financial service for entrepreneurs and small businesses lacking access to banking and related services
  10. 10. Organisations Aid in relief of Poverty & world hunger International Finance corporation The Foundation funds programs to prevent and treat many of the worst infectious diseases, including AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, pneumonia, and diarrhea. It also helps improve child health and nutrition in developing countries.
  11. 11. Organisations Aid in relief of Poverty & world hunger - Bill and Melinda Gates foundation ● Largest Private Charity Organisation in the world ● ● ● Endowment of $28 billion Fund activities in many areas, with the interest of global healtht Most powerful source of funding for health programs uses cuting-edge, innovative projects to fight diseases in new ways ● Fund programs to prevent and treat diseases like AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis, pneumonia, etc
  12. 12. Organisations Aid in relief of Poverty & world hunger - International Monetary Fund The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was founded in 1944. While it is primarily in charge of managing the global financial system, it does have some programs geared toward poverty relief. Using its Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program, the IMF evaluates countries and determines whether they are eligible for loans. To receive loans, countries submit Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) that are reviewed before loans are granted. Currently, 78 countries are eligible for IMF loans
  13. 13. Organisations Aid in relief of Poverty & world hunger - UNICEF Over the past 20 years, child mortality has fallen by 35 per cent around the world. Yet too many children still die needlessly, most of them from causes that are both treatable and preventable. ● Believe that nurturing and caring for children are the cornerstones of human progress ● Leading global efforts to end preventable child deaths ● Work with others to overcome the obstacles that poverty, violence, disease and discrimination place in a child’s path ● Work with governments, national and international agencies and civil society to support effective and life-saving actions in a child’s life from prenatal care in a mother’s pregnancy to effective and affordable health care through childhood and into adulthood.
  14. 14. Organisations Aid in relief of Poverty & world hunger - World Bank Group The World Bank Group is a large international organization that loans and grants money to developing nations around the world. It is one of the biggest funders of poverty relief programs in the world, and lends billions of dollars a year - more than $22 billion a year.
  15. 15. Credits Thank You!