Poverty map- India<br />The proportion of people below poverty line came down to about 26% in 2000. The latest estimates indicate a significant reduction in the number of poor to about 260 million.<br />
Extreme Poverty is Widespread<br /><ul><li>Over 1 billion people subsist on less than $1 per day
About 2.8 billion - nearly half the world’s population - lives on less than $2 per day
Nearly 20 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are poorer today than they were a generation ago
But poverty is multidimensional; raising incomes is crucial but low income is only one of the problems of poverty</li></li></ul><li>Causes of poverty in India<br /><ul><li>Low rate of economic development
Public distribution system.</li></li></ul><li>Poverty is pervasiveness of early death<br /><ul><li>In some countries such as Angola, Congo, Liberia, Mali, Niger, and Sierra Leone , more than one-fifth of all children die before age 5 from preventable causes.
Life expectancy in Sub-Saharan Africa has fallen to below 47.
In South Asia, nearly 1 child in 10 dies before age 5.
The under-5 mortality rate is 126 per 1000 in low income countries, 39 per 1000 in middle income and 6 per 1000 in high income countries.
Every day, nearly 30,000 children in developing countries die from preventable causes--over 10 million this year alone. </li></li></ul><li>Poverty causes Hunger and Poor Health<br /><ul><li>17% of world population is undernourished
Micronutrient malnutrition affects 2 billion; Children face lifelong disabilities
In many poor countries, parasites are ubiquitous
A woman dies during childbirth every minute; almost none would die in North America or Europe
Nearly 3000 children in Africa die from malaria each day
The International Classification of Diseases includes Code Z59.5 - extreme poverty.</li></li></ul><li>Poverty in India<br />Planning Commission of India has defined poverty line based on recommended nutritional requirements of 2400 calories/person/ day for rural areas & 2100 calories/ person/day for urban areas.<br />
Employment Generation Programs in Rural India<br /><ul><li>Gram SwarozgarYojana (GSY)