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Empowering+Communi.es+
through+Ci.zen+Science+
Giving&voice&to&under.represented&
socie1es&through&the&prac1ce&of&
par1cip...
Western&China&and&Central&Asia&
[map]&
Map&adapted&from:&hKp://davidderrick.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/central.asia.mounta...
Ci1zen&Science&(CS):&&
An&evolving&concept&
CS&is&not&only...&
•  Crowd+sourcing&.&with&large&numbers&of&people&involved&
...
Ci1zen&Science&(CS):&&
An&evolving&concept&
But&also…&
•  Local+par.cipa.on+in&the&process*of*research*and&the&
co>genera?...
Presenta1on&overview&&
•  Context&of&our&Ci?zen*Science*experiences&
•  The&Big&Picture:&CS&as&partnership,&not&a&tool&
• ...
•  Who?&Where?&&
– Pastoral&communi1es&&
– In&high&mountains&
– In&Central&Asia&
Context&of&our&CS&experiences&
•  Ins1tu1onal&contexts&
– Non.profit&organiza1on:&Plateau&Perspec1ves&
– Research&Ins1tute:&MSRI,&University&of&Central&As...
•  Social.ecological&systems&
– Mountain&and&grassland&ecosystems&
– Agro.pastoralism&and&related&livelihood&maKers&
Conte...
The&Big&Picture&•  Ci1zen&Science&as&partnership&
–  Co;genera.on+and&interpreta1on&of&knowledge&
–  Par.cipatory+approach...
The&Big&Picture&•  Ci1zen&Science&as&partnership&
–  Co;genera.on+and&interpreta1on&of&knowledge&
–  Par.cipatory+approach...
Pastoralism:+A+globally+marginalized+livelihood+
–  Grasslands&cover&approximately&40%&of&the&world’s&land&area&
–  Og&con...
Pastoralism:+A+globally+marginalized+livelihood&
–  In&many&countries,&development&programs&seek&to&urbanize&or&
sedenteri...
Addressing&complex&real.
world&problems&with&CS&
•  Ci1zen&Science&is&well&suited&to&address&complex(
real(world(problems,...
Case&Studies&
•  Tibetan&Plateau&/&&Western&China&
1.*Snow*leopard*conserva?on*through*co>management*
•  The&Kyrgyz&Republ...
Snow&Leopard&Conserva1on&through&
Community+Co;management+
– Community&driven,&broad&community&ownership&
– Increasing&com...
[snow*leopard*project*slide*1]*
©&Plateau&Perspec1ves&/&J&Marc&Foggin&&
Snow&leopard&have&served&as&a&
tool&(focal&point)&...
[co>management*project*slide*2]*
China&is&now&developing&new&legisla1on&
for&its&emerging&system&of&na1onal&parks;&
this&s...
ESPA&Project&(Ecosystem&Services&for&
Poverty&Allevia1on)&in&Kyrgyzstan&
–  Community&based&governance&of&common&pool&reso...
ESPA&Project&(Ecosystem&Services&for&
Poverty&Allevia1on)&in&Kyrgyzstan&
–  Importance&of&who&iden1fies&research&topics,&wh...
[ESPA*project*slide*1]*
Common&resources&include&
pasture&and&irriga1on&water&
©&Aga&Khan&Founda1on&Kyrgyzstan&
–  Collec1...
[ESPA*project*slide*1]*
Common&resources&include&
pasture&and&irriga1on&water&
©&Aga&Khan&Founda1on&Kyrgyzstan&
–  Opportu...
[ESPA*project*slide*2]*
©&ESPA&Project&.&Peru&
&&&Many&environmental&variables&
can&be&monitored&through&CS:&
Climate,&hyd...
eBilim&Mobile&Library&&&Ci1zen&Science&
– Access&to&knowledge&and&informa1on&&
– Access&to&communica1on&technologies&
– In...
[eBilim*project*slide*1]*
©&eBilim&Project&.&Kyrgyzstan&
&&&Innova1ve&approaches&are&being&developed&to&
increase&access&t...
UCA’s&Learning&Landscapes&Ini1a1ve&
–  Basic&research&and&long.term&
monitoring&of&the&social.
ecological&systems&
–  Demo...
LESSONS&LEARNED&
o  The&importance&of&‘voice’&for&all&ci1zens&
o  Scien1sts&need&to&listen,&1meframes/speed&
LESSONS&LEARNED&
o  Long.term&social&and&ecological&monitoring&is&also&
cri1cal,&many&opportuni1es&for&mutually&beneficial&...
LESSONS&LEARNED&
o  Many&new&complex&challenges&(e.g.,&climate&change)&
may&best&be&addressed&with&CS&approaches,&as&these...
Community&Empowerment&
Contact&Informa1on&
Mountain+Socie.es+Research+Ins.tute+
&&&&University&of&Central&Asia&(UCA)&
& & & & & & & & &hKp://msri...
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Foggin CitSci2015 - Community empowerment through CS

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Citizen Science is based on partnerships. More than just crowdsourcing to generate more data points for scientific studies, it also can be a 'tool' for development - in particular to help local voices to be heard, through the participation of local and indigenous communities in the process of science, and ultimately in multi-stakeholder dialogues and decision-making processes.

Published in: Science
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Foggin CitSci2015 - Community empowerment through CS

  1. 1. Empowering+Communi.es+ through+Ci.zen+Science+ Giving&voice&to&under.represented& socie1es&through&the&prac1ce&of& par1cipatory&conserva1on&and& environmental&monitoring& Developing*partnerships,*giving*voice*to*Kyrgyz*and*Tibetan*herders:* Empowerment*of*under>represented*socie?es*through*Ci?zen*Science* J&Marc&Foggin&&&Chris&Hergarten& Mountain*Socie?es*Research*Ins?tute* Website:*msri.ucentralasia.org* All&photographs&©&J&Marc&Foggin&2015&(unless&otherwise&noted)&
  2. 2. Western&China&and&Central&Asia& [map]& Map&adapted&from:&hKp://davidderrick.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/central.asia.mountains.jpg&
  3. 3. Ci1zen&Science&(CS):&& An&evolving&concept& CS&is&not&only...& •  Crowd+sourcing&.&with&large&numbers&of&people&involved& in&data&collec1on,&and&increasingly&also&in&data&analysis& and&interpreta1on& •  Private+research&.&with&individual&ci1zens&in&effect& prac1cing&science&in&their&work&(e.g.,&improving& agricultural&work&through&trial.and.error)&
  4. 4. Ci1zen&Science&(CS):&& An&evolving&concept& But&also…& •  Local+par.cipa.on+in&the&process*of*research*and&the& co>genera?on*of*knowledge,&also&in&governance*(i.e.& decision.making)&and&thus&in&poli?cs*and*power*
  5. 5. Presenta1on&overview&& •  Context&of&our&Ci?zen*Science*experiences& •  The&Big&Picture:&CS&as&partnership,&not&a&tool& •  Pastoralism&and&development&in&21st&Century& •  Case&studies&from&Central&Asia&&&Tibet/China& –  Wildlife&conserva1on&through&co.management& –  Research&on&the&governance&of&common&resources& –  eBilim&mobile&library&&&environmental&monitoring& •  Key&lessons&learned&
  6. 6. •  Who?&Where?&& – Pastoral&communi1es&& – In&high&mountains& – In&Central&Asia& Context&of&our&CS&experiences&
  7. 7. •  Ins1tu1onal&contexts& – Non.profit&organiza1on:&Plateau&Perspec1ves& – Research&Ins1tute:&MSRI,&University&of&Central&Asia& Context&of&our&CS&experiences&
  8. 8. •  Social.ecological&systems& – Mountain&and&grassland&ecosystems& – Agro.pastoralism&and&related&livelihood&maKers& Context&of&our&CS&experiences&
  9. 9. The&Big&Picture&•  Ci1zen&Science&as&partnership& –  Co;genera.on+and&interpreta1on&of&knowledge& –  Par.cipatory+approaches&in&development&& –  Giving+‘voice’&to&marginalized&groups& •  Broadening&engagement,&fostering&inclusion&&&diversity&& –  CS&can&support&and&enhance&basic&research+capacity+ –  CS&can&promote&sustainability,&conserva.on,&and&also&& +equitable+development+through&power&sharing&
  10. 10. The&Big&Picture&•  Ci1zen&Science&as&partnership& –  Co;genera.on+and&interpreta1on&of&knowledge& –  Par.cipatory+approaches&in&development&& –  Giving+‘voice’&to&marginalized&groups& •  Broadening&engagement,&fostering&inclusion&&&diversity&& –  CS&can&support&and&enhance&basic&research+capacity+ –  CS&can&promote&sustainability,&conserva.on,&and&also&& +equitable+development+through&power&sharing& Local*ci?zens*and*communi?es*may*serve*as* guardians*and*stewards*of*the*environment**
  11. 11. Pastoralism:+A+globally+marginalized+livelihood+ –  Grasslands&cover&approximately&40%&of&the&world’s&land&area& –  Og&considered&‘irra1onal’&–&yet&pastoralism&is&an&ecologically& adap1ve&response&to&environmental&uncertainty&and&fragility& –  .&
  12. 12. Pastoralism:+A+globally+marginalized+livelihood& –  In&many&countries,&development&programs&seek&to&urbanize&or& sedenterize&people,&to&promote&farming,&to&reduce&livestock…& –  Most&ogen&pastoralists&do&not&par1cipate&in&environmental& monitoring&schemes&,&nor&in&development&planning,&nor&in&&& decision.making,&or&in&guiding&their&own&future…&
  13. 13. Addressing&complex&real. world&problems&with&CS& •  Ci1zen&Science&is&well&suited&to&address&complex( real(world(problems,&aka&‘wicked&problems’&& &&&&&(e.g.,&climate&change,&land&degrada1on,&energy& and&food&security&–&none&of&which&have&simple& cause.and.effect&explana1ons&or&easy&answers).&& •  New(‘kinds(of(knowledge’(are(required(–&not&only& ‘systems’&(state)&and&‘target’&(ideal)&knowledge,& but&also&‘transforma1onal’&&knowledge&(i.e.,&how* to*get*there)&(Hirsch.Hadorn&2008).&& •  Ci1zen&Science&can&help&us&to&beKer&understand& such&complex&reali1es.&
  14. 14. Case&Studies& •  Tibetan&Plateau&/&&Western&China& 1.*Snow*leopard*conserva?on*through*co>management* •  The&Kyrgyz&Republic&& 2.*ESPA*project*(governance*of*common*pool*resources)* 3.*eBilim*mobile*library*(access*to*informa?on,*awareness)* •  Tajikistan&&&Kazakhstan&& 4.*Vision*for*UCA’s*Learning*Landscapes*Ini?a?ve*
  15. 15. Snow&Leopard&Conserva1on&through& Community+Co;management+ – Community&driven,&broad&community&ownership& – Increasing&communica1on,&building&partnerships& – Improved&management&informed&by&current&data& and&supported&by&mul1ple&stakeholder&groups& – Community&involvement&in&wildlife&monitoring& (data&collec1on)&has&led&to&local&empowerment& through&‘valida1on’&of&their&value/roles,&with& subsequent&policy&change& ©&Plateau&Perspec1ves&/&J&Marc&Foggin&&
  16. 16. [snow*leopard*project*slide*1]* ©&Plateau&Perspec1ves&/&J&Marc&Foggin&& Snow&leopard&have&served&as&a& tool&(focal&point)&around&which& to&&develop&more&par1cipatory&& approaches&for&conserva1on&in& the&Tibetan&plateau&region&&
  17. 17. [co>management*project*slide*2]* China&is&now&developing&new&legisla1on& for&its&emerging&system&of&na1onal&parks;& this&shall&incorporate&a&landscape&vision& and&also&clarify&the&role&of&communi1es&
  18. 18. ESPA&Project&(Ecosystem&Services&for& Poverty&Allevia1on)&in&Kyrgyzstan& –  Community&based&governance&of&common&pool&resources& –  Role&of&informa1on&–&and&access&to&it&–&for&decision&making& under&uncertainty& –  Tradi1onal&vs&‘modern’&knowledge&
  19. 19. ESPA&Project&(Ecosystem&Services&for& Poverty&Allevia1on)&in&Kyrgyzstan& –  Importance&of&who&iden1fies&research&topics,&who&creates& knowledge,&who&has&access&to&informa1on& –  Significance&of&shared&values&and&responsibili1es&to& strengthen&local&ownership&
  20. 20. [ESPA*project*slide*1]* Common&resources&include& pasture&and&irriga1on&water& ©&Aga&Khan&Founda1on&Kyrgyzstan& –  Collec1on&of&locally&relevant&data&and&informa1on& –  Co.genera1on&of&contextualized&knowledge& –  Prevailing&soviet&mindsets&…&need&to&& &&&&develop&new&models&
  21. 21. [ESPA*project*slide*1]* Common&resources&include& pasture&and&irriga1on&water& ©&Aga&Khan&Founda1on&Kyrgyzstan& –  Opportuni1es&for&mutual&learning&and&experience& –  Development&of&strong&and&inclusive&& &&&&community&based&ins1tu1ons& –  Reduce&asymmetries&in&communi1es&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&through&empowerment&of&& &&&&&small&holders&
  22. 22. [ESPA*project*slide*2]* ©&ESPA&Project&.&Peru& &&&Many&environmental&variables& can&be&monitored&through&CS:& Climate,&hydrology,&vegeta1on& cover&and&phenology,&etc.&
  23. 23. eBilim&Mobile&Library&&&Ci1zen&Science& – Access&to&knowledge&and&informa1on&& – Access&to&communica1on&technologies& – Increased&environmental&awareness& – Par1cipatory&science&educa1on& ©&eBilim&Project&.&Kyrgyzstan&
  24. 24. [eBilim*project*slide*1]* ©&eBilim&Project&.&Kyrgyzstan& &&&Innova1ve&approaches&are&being&developed&to& increase&access&to&informa1on,&par1cipa1on&in& research,&and&public&environmental&awareness&
  25. 25. UCA’s&Learning&Landscapes&Ini1a1ve& –  Basic&research&and&long.term& monitoring&of&the&social. ecological&systems& –  Demonstra1on&and& experimenta1on&sites& –  Genera1ng&new&knowledge&for& development&in&mountain&areas& –  Three&UCA&campus&sites:&&&&&& Naryn,&Khorog&and&Tekeli& ©&University&of&Central&Asia&
  26. 26. LESSONS&LEARNED& o  The&importance&of&‘voice’&for&all&ci1zens& o  Scien1sts&need&to&listen,&1meframes/speed&
  27. 27. LESSONS&LEARNED& o  Long.term&social&and&ecological&monitoring&is&also& cri1cal,&many&opportuni1es&for&mutually&beneficial& partnerships&
  28. 28. LESSONS&LEARNED& o  Many&new&complex&challenges&(e.g.,&climate&change)& may&best&be&addressed&with&CS&approaches,&as&these& allow&us&to&engage&with&and&to&benefit&from&a&wide& array&of&stakeholders&from&local&communi1es&
  29. 29. Community&Empowerment&
  30. 30. Contact&Informa1on& Mountain+Socie.es+Research+Ins.tute+ &&&&University&of&Central&Asia&(UCA)& & & & & & & & & &hKp://msri.ucentralasia.org& &&Co;authors+ Marc&Foggin&* & & & & &marc.foggin@ucentralasia.org& Chris&Hergarten& & & &chris.hergarten@ucentralasia.org& & &&&&&*&corresponding&author& All&photographs&©&J&Marc&Foggin&2015,&unless&otherwise&noted&

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