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Introduction to Minerals and Rocks A large segment of geology is the study of solid materials.
Solid materials are rocks and minerals. The first rule of geology is to understand that rocks are
composed of minerals. For example, sandstone is composed of sand size broken grains of
minerals. Granite is composed mostly of feldspar, quartz, biotite mica, and some homblende.
You will see that geologists are interested in all rocks and minerals because these are the clues to
the genesis and evolution of Planet Earth. What Are Minerals? From the minerals lecture, what is
the four-part definition of a mineral? Write these in the space provided below. A few "minerals"
such as limonite (rust) and opal never form crystals nor do they have a crystalline structure.
These mineral-like materials are called mineraloids. Some organisms make minerals as their
shells or other hard body parts. These are biominerals are obviously organic in origin. Examples
include aragonite mineral crystals in clam shells and tiny magnetite crystals in the human brain.
Cultured minerals can be made in laboratories, but they are not true minerals because they are
synthetic.

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Introduction to Minerals and Rocks A large segment of geology is the s.docx

  • 1. Introduction to Minerals and Rocks A large segment of geology is the study of solid materials. Solid materials are rocks and minerals. The first rule of geology is to understand that rocks are composed of minerals. For example, sandstone is composed of sand size broken grains of minerals. Granite is composed mostly of feldspar, quartz, biotite mica, and some homblende. You will see that geologists are interested in all rocks and minerals because these are the clues to the genesis and evolution of Planet Earth. What Are Minerals? From the minerals lecture, what is the four-part definition of a mineral? Write these in the space provided below. A few "minerals" such as limonite (rust) and opal never form crystals nor do they have a crystalline structure. These mineral-like materials are called mineraloids. Some organisms make minerals as their shells or other hard body parts. These are biominerals are obviously organic in origin. Examples include aragonite mineral crystals in clam shells and tiny magnetite crystals in the human brain. Cultured minerals can be made in laboratories, but they are not true minerals because they are synthetic.