06/22/12 Depression is a medical illness that involves the mind and body. Also called major depression, major depressive disorder and clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and depression may make you feel as if life isn't worth living. More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn't a weakness, nor is it something that you can simply &quot;snap out&quot; of. Depression is a chronic illness that usually requires long-term treatment, like diabetes or high blood pressure. But don't get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychological counseling or other treatment.
Course Objectives• Identify the signs and symptoms of depression• Recognize the difference between depression and typical sadness• Understand the impact the depression can have on daily life• Identify various methods for treatment and self help
IntroductionsPlease tell us your name, where you work and share one thing that you believe is a symptom of depression
10%of the US population 18 and older isaffected each year by depression 80% of depressed people are not currently participating in treatmentLet’s look at the numbers…
Let’s Talk Statistics• Depression affects approximately 9.5% of the US population 18 and older each year• Twice as many women as men experience depression• 15% of depressed people will commit suicide• 54% believe that depression is a personal weakness
S o what exac tly isdepres s ion and how is it different fromjus t being unhappy? Depression lasts longer than 2 weeks. Depression has specific symptoms. Unhappiness is a short-lived response.
Depression & The BluesDEPRESSION THE BLUES• An illness • A normal reaction• Multiple to life situations Symptoms: • Single symptom: moods, thoughts, mood bodily functions • Temporary• Persists • Rarely produces• Can result in suicidal thoughts suicide • Requires a good• Requires specific listener/or time to medical/psychiatric heal treatment
What is depression?• Clinical Depression is a medical condition that affects a person’s mood, thoughts, behaviors, and body• It changes the way that a person thinks, feels and acts.• It can seriously affect your work, personal life, and the lives of others.
Types of Depression• Major Depression – characterized by a deep sense of sadness or unhappiness and a lack of interest in things you used to enjoy such as hobbies, friends, or sex• Bipolar Disorder - characterized by alternating periods of depression and elation. The high periods are called mania
Causes of Depression• Complex – no clear cause• Genetic, biological & environmental factors can contribute• Biochemical factors - neurotransmitters
Risk Factors for Depression• Female Sex• Advanced age• Lower socioeconomic status• Recent stressful life experience• Chronic medical condition• Family history/Genetics
Risk Factors for Children In addition to the previous… • Continued mental or emotional stress, at home or school • Recent loss • Attention, learning, or conduct disorder • Obesity
DIAGNOSING DEPRESSION • A thorough medical and psychiatric history • A complete psychiatric evaluation which includes a review of your symptoms, current life stresses, treatment history, personal and family history, a risk assessment and a thorough examination of your thoughts and feelings.
EMOTIONAL IMPACT• Emotionally, you may experience: • Sadness • Irritability • Isolation • Loss of motivation • Hopelessness • Suicidal Thinking • Anxiety • Poor Self Esteem
PHYSICAL IMPACT• You may Experience • Fatigue – Body Slows Down • Sleep Disturbance • Appetite Disturbance • Lowered Sex Drive • Aches & Pains
BEHAVIORAL IMPACT• Persistently feeling down, sad, tearful, irritable• Loss of interest or pleasure in activities or friends• Significant change in appetite or weight• Sleep disturbances• Restlessness or sluggishness
Additional Signs & Symptoms• Lack of concentration or indecision• Feeling helpless, worthless, or guilty• Irritability, Restlessness
The Cycle of Depression STRESSORS PHYSICAL Medical Illness Sleep Problems Pain Decreased energy Family Problems Appetite Problems Financial Problems Aches & Pains THOUGHTS & FEELINGS BEHAVIOR Hopelessness Social Withdrawal Loneliness Less Active Negativity Less Productive Sadness
HOW DEPRESSION AFFECTS YOU• Body – You may sleep poorly, have less energy, have more aches and pains• Behavior – You may talk less, socialize less, spend more time alone• Thinking – You may have more negative thoughts than positive thoughts, feel hopeless, or lose interest in things.
Role of Medication• Different meds work for different people• Never stop taking medication suddenly• Length of time a person stays on meds varies widely• Feeling better doesn’t necessarily mean you should stop taking the medication
Anti-depressant Medication Information & Tips• Anti-depressants help balance chemicals in the brain• Anti-depressants are not habit forming• They need to be taken daily• If you think you are experiencing side effects, write down what they are and how often they occur. Discuss side effects with your doctor.• Don’t stop the medication before you discuss it with your doctor.
Finding Professional Help • Talk with your private doctor • Talk with a psychiatristHel p • Talk with a therapistMe • Talk with your Pastor
Self Help for Depression• Educate yourself - Read• Challenge Negative Thinking Habits• Exercise• Good nutrition• Stay Social – Participate don’t Isolate• Have someone to talk to• Seek help from a professional if your mood doesn’t lift.
How Can you Help Others• If you know someone who is depressed – Be Supportive, listen without judgment – Don’t try to diagnose them yourself – Recognize that they can’t just “Snap out of it” – Urge them to do positive things that they enjoy – accompany them – Support the idea of counseling/medication treatment – Learn about depression yourself
DepressionQuestions/Summary • Sadness vs depression - VIDEO