A FEW FACTS
Flying into FAKR will require a high degree of aircraft
handling precision and accuracy.
The likelihood of up and downdrafts, wind shear and
turbulence is high (sometimes quite severe).
The probability of a strong x-wind is good.
It is unmanned and will require excellent lookout and
It is sometimes quite busy, requiring good spacing in the
traffic pattern with clear and concise radio work and
good situational awareness.
High Density Altitudes- reduced Aircraft performance.
factsIt is a Licensed Aerodrome.
It has been in use since 1968
The club has a membership strength of approx 210 active
There are in excess of 100 aircraft based .
There is a basic Flare-path system for night flying. (no
night training allowed).
It is well located for Ab-initio Training
There are two Flying Schools based.
There is Avgas available.
The following information was correct at the last update viz August 2005. It is imperative Airfield Operational Information:
(Ref: SA AIPPart 2. FAKRAD2.1-1)
however that users consult the AIP/AIP Sup/AIC's and Notams for current information and amendments.
Location Indicator : FAKR
Reference Point (WGS 84) :S26°:04':53, 9287", E27°:43':32,4438"
Located at the windsock/signal area.
Elevation : 5 485'.
Displaced Threshold : RWY 08/26 have displaced thresholds.
RWY 08/26 : 9 m wide tar strip
: declared length - 843 m
: total length of tar - 1124 m
: RWY 08 & 26 have displaced THR
: THR 08 Elev - 5460'
: THR 26 Elev - 5499'
CCT : ALT 6300' RH-RWY 26. LH-RWY08.
(800' non-standard CCT due FALA TMA at
Lighting : RWY edge lights & THR lights. Not per ICAO.
Night Flying : Restricted to Krugersdorp based pilots
familiar with the airfield (See AIP).
Night Hazard (Birds) :Before take-off at night it is advisable
to backtrack and check the runway for birds
Night Training : Not permitted (per AIP).
Freq : 122.0 Mhz (unmanned).
Taxiway : Aircraft to adhere to taxiways.
FAKR Rule Book
General Hazards : 1.Non std joining due FALA TMA.
2.Wind shear on apchs.
3.Pools of water on runway after heavy rain.
4. Birds at night.
Take off on the cut grass strips (hdgs 35/17 + 34/16) at pilot's discretion and at pilot's risk and is not permitted unless a competent
observer in radio contact with the taking off aircraft can verify that there is no crossing traffic on 08/26 to effect in this regard.
(Note: these are NOT licensed runways.)
When runways 08/26 are in use, landing on the cut grass hdgs 15/33 or 16/34 will be accommodated only when wind conditions
make it necessary for tailwheel type aircraft. All such operations at pilot's discretion and risk. Pilots are to refer to CAR 91.6.12.
Cut grass strips 35/14 and 34/16 are not licensed runways.
Circuits on cut grass strips 15/33 and 34/16 will not be permitted when the circuit 08/26 is active.
A radio check on 122.0 Mhz is required prior to taxing to the holding position of a runway.
Unauthorised aerobatics are not permitted at FAKR - Ref CAR 91.7.29.
Extract from FAKR Rule Book
It is expected of every pilot operating at Krugersdorp to do so in a responsible and sensible manner. At
all times a high standard of airmanship must prevail with due consideration for fellow airmen. COWBOYS
ARE NOT WELCOME!!
Behaviour or operation of aircraft on the ground or in the air contrary to the Civil Aviation Regulations or
any part thereof will not be tolerated. Any display of blatantly poor airmanship or disregard for the safety
of others will precipitate disciplinary action.
Repeated and/or extreme infringements will result in the loss of the privilege to fly at this airfield with the
backing of the CAA.
Since this relatively busy airfield is unmanned, one of the foremost safety concerns is the probability of
midair or other collision. Therefore it is essential that pilots use standard radio procedures, clearly and
accurately stating their position. A reminder that nothing substitutes a good lookout!! With this in mind it
is standard procedure to request a “radio check” from other aircraft prior to taxing to the holding position
of a runway – no radio – no fly!.
Remember flight safety is a pyramid that stands on three legs i.e. skill, technical knowledge and good
judgement. If any of these three legs are weak, the pyramid will topple! If in doubt speak to your flight
instructor and/or safety officer – no question is a stupid question – it is not what you know that will hurt
you, but what you don’t know.
Ground based radio stations may not be operated for the purpose of traffic advisory information unless
under the supervision of a qualified Instructor or other person as approved by the Committee.
Please become familiar with the provisions of CAR 139 and 185 and comply fully.
Extract from FAKR Rule Book
The CAR's are specific and prohibit certain unauthorised activities on the Airfield. The following are some unauthorised activities
which have in the past caused problems.
(a) The unsupervised riding of motorcycles and quad bikes on the Airfield
by minors, especially the children of members.
(b) Parachute jumping on the Airfield.
(c) Flying of model aircraft other than as directed by the Club in
compliance with SOP's.
(d) Unsupervised facilitating of 3rd party vehicular entrance onto the
airside of the Airfield.
(e) Erecting signboards, digging trenches and the like on the Airfield
without the Operator's authorisation.
(f) Aerobatic flying at the Airfield.
(g) Allow animals to roam around the Airfield.
(h) Drive vehicles recklessly on the main taxiway.
(i) Don’t drive on the main taxiway at all whilst an aircraft is
Last but not least…
HAPPY FLYING !!
SINCE THE WORDS ‘SITUATIONAL AWARENESS’ POP UP FREQUENTLY
Situational Awareness in flight, equates to the true perception of
the dynamic flight situation !
• Geographical position.
• Terrain (form, proximity and height above terrain)
• 3 – D orientation.
• Aircraft flight-path / trajectory.
• Energy level - speed (increasing, decreasing, remaining constant).
• Configuration of aircraft i.e. flaps, under carriage etc.
• System status ( level of serviceability, mode awareness).
• Status of Self and others (cognitive etc.).
• Intentions of self and others ( ATC, second crew member etc.).
• The greater environment ( other aircraft, weather, navaids, etc.).
• Time ( how much is available, how quickly is it passing etc.).
JHB TMA 7600’ ALT – FL IIO
(FRQ 125.8 BELOW TMA)
FALA TMA 6500’ ALT –
7600 ALT ( FREQ 124.0)
FALA CTR GND – 6500’
ALT ( FREQ 124.0)
5 N.M. RADIUS
FAKR (FREQ 122.0)
RECAP - AIRSPACE
NOT TO BE
USED FOR OPS
STANDARD JOINING PROCEDURES FOR UN-
MANNED AIRFIELDS DO NOT APPLY DUE TO
FROM NORTH 6300’
FROM NORTH 6300’
OF ORIENTTANK FARM
FROM NORTH 6300’
FROM NORTH 6300’
CIRCUIT HEIGHT 6300’
JOINING PROCEDURES AS PER AIP
JOIN O/H 6300’ L/H
DOWN WIND 08 OR R/H
DOWN WIND 26
REMAINING CLEAR OF
NORTH ENTRY CHECK POINT 1 TANK FARM
ALT 6300’ GOOD LOOK-OUT & LISTEN OUT (FREQ 122.0)
BE AWARE OF X-
WINDS (micro lights)
next to Tarlton rd.
AND NEXT INTENTIONTURN LEFT TO
FIELD APPROACH CHECKLIST AS PER P.O.H.
NORTH ENTRY CHECK POINT 2 SILOS ALT 6300’ GOOD
LOOK-OUT & LISTEN OUT, ESPECIALLY TRAFFIC INBOUND FROM
WEST AND OUTBOUND TRAFFIC FROM FAKR (FREQ 122.0)
MAINTAIN CLEAR OF
FAKR CIRCUIT. Scan for
FROM TANK FARM
REPORT POSITION &
VIEW OF FAKR APPROACHING FROM THE SILOS
ALT 6300’ GOOD LOOK-OUT & LISTEN OUT, ESPECIALLY
TRAFFIC INBOUND FROM SOUTH & EAST & TRAFFIC AIRBORNE
FROM RWY 26 TURNING OUT LEFT (FREQ 122.0)
FROM SILOS FLY HDG 080º(M)
PARALLEL TO RWY 08
FINAL TRACK INBOUND TO JOIN OVERHEAD
SCAN FOR TRAFFIC IN CIRCUIT !!!!!
By this time you
should be well aware
of what RWY is in use
if there is other traffic
in the pattern. Listen
out!! Look out!!!
VIEW OF FAKR APPROACHING FROM SOUTH ALT 6300’
GOOD LOOK-OUT & LISTEN OUT FOR TRAFFIC IN CIRCUIT FREQ 122.0)
PLAN SPACING AND SLOTTING INTO CIRCUIT .
EMERGENCY GRASS AREA
BE AWARE OF PVT
STRIP – TRAFFIC !!
THRESH HOLD RWY 26
THRESH HOLD RWY 08
OVER HEAD ALT 6300’ CHECK WIND SOCK/S
& SIGNALS. DECIDE RWY IF NO OTHER TRAFFIC
IN THE PATTERN. LOOK OUT & LISTEN OUT
REPORT POSITION &
V / A’s. as required
VIEW FROM DOWN WIND ALT 6300’ ( 800’ CIRCUIT)
GOOD LOOK & LISTEN OUT. GOOD SPACING !!!!
REPORT JOINING MID DOWN-WIND RWY
08 or RWY 26. (STATE NO. IN TRAFFIC IF
APPLICABLE, full stop or touch and go)
BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST AS PER P.O.H.
08 ORBIT LEFT26 ORBIT RIGHT
IF UNABLE TO
CIRCUIT DUE TO
SOUTH OF RUNWAY
AND RETURN TO
LEFT BASE RWY 08
6100’ TURNING FINAL APPROACH 1.5
APPROACH ( full stop
or touch and go)
BEFORE RADIO CALL
V/A’s as required
V / A’s as required
FINAL APPROACH RWY 08 6000’ approx. 1.5 n.m.
Power + Configuration = Performance! 1.5 n.m from Thresh Hold at 500’ above airfield elevation = ±3.0º
Glide Slope to touch down. Rule of thumb 5 x G.S. = R.O.D. for 3.0º Glide Slope. Know your Aircraft –
what Power Setting will give you the required rate of decent at v-ref (Approach Speed) with the selected
landing configuration. E.g. approach G.S. 65kts x 5 = 325’/min R.O.D. A good benchmark to work around
and then make small power adjustments to compensate for conditions.
SELECT PLANNED TOUCH
IN THIS ENVIRONMENT IT IS
IMPORTANT TO FLY A
RATE OF DECENT.
TOUCH DOWN ZONE.
It is the quality of a good pilot to go-around if
not happy with the approach!!!!!!!!
SPEED & RATE
OF DECENT ON
HOLD OF X-
CONSTANT – TOUCH
DOWN ZONE -
TURBULENCE, UP DRAFTS &
DOWNDRAFTS CAUSED BY
WIND & TOPOGRAPHY, WIND-
TOO DEEP! MAKE EARLY
DECISION TO GO AROUND
IT IS THE MARK OF A
power up, flaps &
gear up as per
POSITIVE RATE OF
CLIMB at SAFETY
REJOIN CIRCUIT OR
CONTINUE AS PER
PROVERB: PLAN FOR THE MISSED APPROACH, LANDING IS A BONUS.
ALWAYS PLAN AHEAD!!!
Even if you’re doing a touch & go and you are deep, rather execute the go around –if the engine fails after touch
down you may not have enough stopping distance !
FINAL APPROACH RWY 26
DRAFTS AND DOWN
DRAFTS CAUSED BY
YOUYOU HAVE JUST
Please report to
the Club House
to meet the people
DEPARTURE FROM FAKR – POINTS TO
• DENSITY ALTITUDE
• AIRCRAFT LOADING
• AIRCRAFT TAKE OFF AND CLIMB PERFORMANCE
• RADIO CHECK BEFORE TAXIING
•CROSS WIND COMPONENT
• ANTICIPATED TURBULENCE
• TAKE OFF BRIEFING – ANTICIPATION OF EMERGENCY
• GOOD LOOK OUT
• CLEAR & CONCISE RADIO WORK
• BE SITUATIONALLY AWARE – position of other aircraft etc.
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000
750' SEA LEVEL
1525' 8000' DA
1800' SEA LEVEL
3700' 8000' DA
GROUND ROLL OVER 50FT
TAKE OFF PERFORMANCE
GROSS WEIGHT 2450LBS
PAVED LEVEL DRY RUNWAY
FULL POWER BEFORE BRAKE RELEASE
ZERO WIND FLAPS 10 °
EXTRAPOLATION OF THE GRAPH ABOVE 9000' INVALID
TAKE OFF DISTANCE
NOT TO BE USED
ALTITUDES HAVE A
EFFECT ON THE
OF AIRCRAFT !!
Not just take off
landing ground roll
LINNING UP ON RUNWAY 26
THE NEED FOR GOOD RADIO WORK AND
SITUATIONAL AWARENESS IS CLEARLY
DEMONSTRATED HERE, YOU CANNOT SEE AN
AIRCRAFT LINING UP ON RWY 08
TAKE NOTHING FOR GRANTED
THERE COULD BE A TAIL-
DRAGGER GETTING AIRBORN
FROM THE GRASS
TAKE OFF ON 08 EARLY TURN
OUT IS ADVISED DUE TO
RUGGED TERRAIN STRAIGHT
AHEAD ( 15º BANK )
ENHANCED OPTIONS FOR
V / A’s 400’
TURN OFF 08
TAKE OFF 26 STANDARD
CLIMB AHEAD TO 500’ THEN
26 TO NORTH
26 TO SOUTH
26 TO WEST
ALTERNATE 26 TO EAST LOOK OUT FOR CROSSING
TRAFFIC ENTERING FROM THE SOUTH
PREFERED 26 DEPARTURE TO EAST
08 TO NORTH
08 TO EAST
08 TO SOUTH – BE
TURBULENCE & AIRCRAFT
08 TO SOUTH
NOT GOOD -
DEPARTURE FROM FAKR – LOOK OUT, LISTEN OUT, BROAD CAST YOUR
INTENTIONS & POSITION
DEPARTING, AVOID SILOS & TANK FARM
DUE TO INBOUND TRAFFIC – KEEP A
GOOD LOOK OUT FOR CROSSING &
INBOUND TRAFFIC WHEN DEPARTING IN
08 TO WEST
SOME MORE GENERAL
INFORMATION & TIPS
TAXI ONLY ON TAXI-WAYS – TAKE OFF AND LAND ONLY ON
LICENSED RUNWAY 08 / 26
GRASS ‘RUNWAY’ TO BE USED ONLY IN EMERGENCY.
ALWAYS BE CAUTIOUS WHEN CROSSING THE ‘GRASS RUNWAY’.
TAILDRAGGER PILOTS SOMETIMES USE IT!
PREVAILING WIND IS NORTHERLY.
MOST TURBULENT CONDITIONS CAUSED BY STRONG SOUTHERLY
WIND BUT ALWAYS BE CAUTIOUS WHEN WIND IS STRONG
IRRESPECTIVE OF DIRECTION.
Busy un-manned circuit can easily cause interruptions to