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Welcome to the
LARGE-SCALE Scrum
simulation with lego
LeSS = Large-Scale Scrum
more with less!
h"p://less.works/
What am I supposed to learn?
1.  Complexity thinking, system, customer-focus and lean
thinking applied to organizational d...
More with less
Less management
Less focus on processes
Less standardization
Less hierarchies
Less complexity
Less inner-wa...
I’ve done this before… It kinda works.
… And it also seems chaotic,
messy and disorganized.
In fact it should be this way.
LeSS is Customer-Focused and
product-oriented
The perfection vision (something that is
unreachable but guiding all decisio...
LeSS is about constant learning
and creating learning organizations
So what can we learn about our customers?
1.  Our potential customers are interested in
traveling among the capitals of Eu...
Market Demands
Amsterdam <-> Rome: 2M
Amsterdam <-> Berlin: 3M
Amsterdam <-> Barcelona: 2M
Amsterdam <-> Paris: 5M
Amsterd...
Price of materials
LEGO bus set: 10M
LEGO standard set: 2M
Flipchart paper sheet: 1M
Tape: 1M / meter
Engineering constraints
Each city needs to be recognizable
Distances between the cities should be in relative scale
Buildi...
What is our product?
1.  How many products are we building?
2.  How many Product Backlogs will we need?
3.  How many Produ...
What is your product?
What is your product?
What is your product?
hat is your product?
What is your proyour product?
produ...
Q: How long does it take to add an edit field to your product?
A: it depends how badly f**cked your company is.
LOCAL
optimization
tRaP
WHOLE PRODUCT FOCUS
LeSS Principle:
What is our product?
1.  How many products are we building?
=> one
2.  How many Product Backlogs will we need?
=> one
3.  ...
The “Less Framework”
3-7 teams
LeSS Principle: LeSS is Scrum
Product Owner (for overall product)
Single Product Backlog (for overall product)
Single Spri...
The “Less Huge Framework”
8-108 teams
Initial Investments
60 M
for the product
The goal of the simulation
Is to build a profitable
and sustainable business.
And also enjoy it!
LeSS Principle: LEAN THINKING
eliminate waste!
What are the top activities managers are
kept busy with in traditional orga...
Hiring managers
We need 10 people with good management
experience (5+ years, PMP is a plus).
Why one has to manage “resources”?
WHY?
WHY?
WHY?
WHY?
Why one has to manage “dependencies”?
WHY?
WHY?
WHY?
WHY?
free your managers!
1.  Teams are the minimal building blocks
of an organization
No external resource mgmt needed.
2.  Tea...
Culture Follows Structure
Craig Larman’s Laws of Org Change
“Your Structure is Your Strategy”
less.works/case-studies/ericson.html	
“Culture Follows Structure”
16 Shades of Self-management
Setting overall direction
Designing teams and its
org context
Monitoring and
managing work pr...
Assign yourself a Primary Skill
“birthday randomizer”
1-10: Drawing ‘D’
11-20: Construction ‘C’
21-31: Transportation ‘T’
Team self design workshop
1.  6 people per team is ideal
2.  Team members like each other to the
extend that they can work...
Who
assigns
scrum masters
to teams?
LeSS and Lean thinking
What are the top activities managers are
kept busy with in LeSS organizations?
1.  Management of re...
What do you do with
free managers?
Fire? RE-Hire? Admire?
Re-hire project managers
1.  As Area Product Owners (good skillset)
2.  As general managers (yes, we need them)
3.  As tea...
(1) Getting Ready
1.  Product Owner Team (PO and APOs) get
together to build an overall Product Backlog
(write on A4 sheet...
(2) Getting Ready
1.  Product Owner pitches the vision to
everyone
2.  Area Product Owners select teams
based on their rel...
(3) Getting Ready
1.  Each Area Product Owner and her teams
select a war space (enough wall and
floor space)
2.  They are ...
(4) Getting Ready
Initial product backlog refinement
1.  Each APO explains the vision of the city to her
teams
2.  Teams b...
Let’s get to work!
LEARN MORE!
•  Official LeSS website:
www.less.works
•  My attempt developing LeSS awareness
on the Russian-speaking marke...
LeSS simulation with LEGO at #agileee 2017. (lego for scrum)
LeSS simulation with LEGO at #agileee 2017. (lego for scrum)
LeSS simulation with LEGO at #agileee 2017. (lego for scrum)
LeSS simulation with LEGO at #agileee 2017. (lego for scrum)
LeSS simulation with LEGO at #agileee 2017. (lego for scrum)
LeSS simulation with LEGO at #agileee 2017. (lego for scrum)
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LeSS simulation with LEGO at #agileee 2017. (lego for scrum)

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Experiencing Large-Scale Scrum by playing an enterprise undergoing an adoption/transformation.

Published in: Leadership & Management
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LeSS simulation with LEGO at #agileee 2017. (lego for scrum)

  1. 1. Welcome to the LARGE-SCALE Scrum simulation with lego
  2. 2. LeSS = Large-Scale Scrum more with less! h"p://less.works/
  3. 3. What am I supposed to learn? 1.  Complexity thinking, system, customer-focus and lean thinking applied to organizational design 2.  Role of the top management and managers in LeSS adoption 3.  Local vs. global optimizations 4.  “IKEA affect” and difference between owning vs. renting systems 5.  Some ideas how to de-scale (simplify) organizations and why 6.  Scaling of agility is about doing more with less (not more with more)
  4. 4. More with less Less management Less focus on processes Less standardization Less hierarchies Less complexity Less inner-ward focus More empowered teams More learning More global optimization More transparency More thinking More customer focus
  5. 5. I’ve done this before… It kinda works.
  6. 6. … And it also seems chaotic, messy and disorganized. In fact it should be this way.
  7. 7. LeSS is Customer-Focused and product-oriented The perfection vision (something that is unreachable but guiding all decisions, the “true north”) of a LeSS-like organization: Create and deliver a product almost all the time, at almost no cost, with no defects, that delights customers, improves the environment, and makes lives better. Do endless humble and radical improvement experiments toward that goal.
  8. 8. LeSS is about constant learning and creating learning organizations
  9. 9. So what can we learn about our customers? 1.  Our potential customers are interested in traveling among the capitals of Europe. 2.  They are willing to pay for bus rides among the cities. 3.  They are attracted by sightseeing sites.
  10. 10. Market Demands Amsterdam <-> Rome: 2M Amsterdam <-> Berlin: 3M Amsterdam <-> Barcelona: 2M Amsterdam <-> Paris: 5M Amsterdam <-> London: 3M Rome <-> Berlin: 8M Rome <-> Barcelona: 12M Rome <-> Paris: 10M Paris <-> London: 20M Paris <-> Kiev: 8M Kiev <-> Berlin: 15M Kiev <-> Barcelona: 25M For every sightseeing on the tour +1M
  11. 11. Price of materials LEGO bus set: 10M LEGO standard set: 2M Flipchart paper sheet: 1M Tape: 1M / meter
  12. 12. Engineering constraints Each city needs to be recognizable Distances between the cities should be in relative scale Buildings and buses should be made from LEGO For transportation to function there should be roads Other stuff can be done on paper
  13. 13. What is our product? 1.  How many products are we building? 2.  How many Product Backlogs will we need? 3.  How many Product Owners do we need?
  14. 14. What is your product? What is your product? What is your product? hat is your product? What is your proyour product? product?
  15. 15. Q: How long does it take to add an edit field to your product? A: it depends how badly f**cked your company is.
  16. 16. LOCAL optimization tRaP
  17. 17. WHOLE PRODUCT FOCUS LeSS Principle:
  18. 18. What is our product? 1.  How many products are we building? => one 2.  How many Product Backlogs will we need? => one 3.  How many Product Owners do we need? => one, and exceptions are known …
  19. 19. The “Less Framework” 3-7 teams
  20. 20. LeSS Principle: LeSS is Scrum Product Owner (for overall product) Single Product Backlog (for overall product) Single Sprint (for all teams) Single Product Increment (from all teams)
  21. 21. The “Less Huge Framework” 8-108 teams
  22. 22. Initial Investments 60 M for the product
  23. 23. The goal of the simulation Is to build a profitable and sustainable business. And also enjoy it!
  24. 24. LeSS Principle: LEAN THINKING eliminate waste! What are the top activities managers are kept busy with in traditional organizations? 1.  Management of resources 2.  Management of dependencies 3.  Management of managers
  25. 25. Hiring managers We need 10 people with good management experience (5+ years, PMP is a plus).
  26. 26. Why one has to manage “resources”? WHY? WHY? WHY? WHY?
  27. 27. Why one has to manage “dependencies”? WHY? WHY? WHY? WHY?
  28. 28. free your managers! 1.  Teams are the minimal building blocks of an organization No external resource mgmt needed. 2.  Teams are cross-functional with minimal outbound dependencies who learn to coordinate with others when needed No external dependency mgmt needed.
  29. 29. Culture Follows Structure Craig Larman’s Laws of Org Change
  30. 30. “Your Structure is Your Strategy”
  31. 31. less.works/case-studies/ericson.html “Culture Follows Structure”
  32. 32. 16 Shades of Self-management Setting overall direction Designing teams and its org context Monitoring and managing work process and progress Executing team task “Leading Teams” book by Richard Hackman Most Scrum teams Some LeSS adoptions Is there life of Mars?Pre-agile
  33. 33. Assign yourself a Primary Skill “birthday randomizer” 1-10: Drawing ‘D’ 11-20: Construction ‘C’ 21-31: Transportation ‘T’
  34. 34. Team self design workshop 1.  6 people per team is ideal 2.  Team members like each other to the extend that they can work together for about two hours 3.  Each team has all necessary skills (‘D’, ‘C’ and ‘T’)
  35. 35. Who assigns scrum masters to teams?
  36. 36. LeSS and Lean thinking What are the top activities managers are kept busy with in LeSS organizations? 1.  Management of resources 2.  Management of dependencies 3.  Management of managers
  37. 37. What do you do with free managers? Fire? RE-Hire? Admire?
  38. 38. Re-hire project managers 1.  As Area Product Owners (good skillset) 2.  As general managers (yes, we need them) 3.  As team members (now go and do good!) 4.  As ScrumMasters (nah…)
  39. 39. (1) Getting Ready 1.  Product Owner Team (PO and APOs) get together to build an overall Product Backlog (write on A4 sheets) 2.  Team representatives go study the API (LEGO and other stuff) 3.  Meanwhile each team picks a city and brainstorms sightseeing (sketch them on paper)
  40. 40. (2) Getting Ready 1.  Product Owner pitches the vision to everyone 2.  Area Product Owners select teams based on their relatedness to cities (2-5 teams per an area)
  41. 41. (3) Getting Ready 1.  Each Area Product Owner and her teams select a war space (enough wall and floor space) 2.  They are getting ready to run their Initial Product Backlog Refinement session (in parallel to the others) 3.  They go find the real users
  42. 42. (4) Getting Ready Initial product backlog refinement 1.  Each APO explains the vision of the city to her teams 2.  Teams brainstorm ideas of PBIs on post-its with real users 3.  Team do a two-level prioritization: effort (S, M, L) vs. value (Low, Mid, High) 4.  They prioritize their Area Product Backlog: smallest and highest-value items have higher priority (we’re optimizing for value delivery)
  43. 43. Let’s get to work!
  44. 44. LEARN MORE! •  Official LeSS website: www.less.works •  My attempt developing LeSS awareness on the Russian-speaking market www.krivitsky.com/large-scale-scrum

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