B Tech Project Viva

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A lot of effort has gone into this... Not just the 4 hours in making this ppt, not just the 4 months in completing the design project - but 4 years of Engineering in an esteemed institution. Thank you NIT Trichy.

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B Tech Project Viva

  1. 1. Manufacture of Di-Methyl Formamide<br />N. Khalid Ahmed & PremAnand A.S.<br />102106019 & 102106021<br />Under the Guidance of<br />Dr. T. K. Radhakrishnan,<br />Head of the Department, <br />Department of Chemical Engineering.<br />National Institute of Technology,<br />Tiruchirrappalli – 620 015<br />INDIA<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Background – Why DMF..??<br />Uses<br />Structure and Properties<br />Process Considered<br />Chemistry<br />Description<br />Material and Energy Balances<br />Design of Equipments<br />Plant Location<br />Cost Estimation<br />Safety Considerations<br />
  3. 3. Background - Uses<br />65-75% as solvent for fibers, 15-20% in production of pharmaceutical products.<br />Also used as a laboratory solvent, and in the industry as an intermediate and an additive.<br />
  4. 4. Background – Structure and Properties<br />
  5. 5. Process Considered<br />4 Step proces involving raw materials methanol, ammonia and carbon monoxide<br />Ammonia, Monomethyl amine and Trimethyl amine are recyclable<br />Feed ratios are maintained as per stoichiometry, and explained in the thesis.<br />
  6. 6. Material and Energy Balances<br />
  7. 7. Design Of Equipments<br />Summary of Enriching Section<br />Summary of Stripping Section<br />Summary of Re-boiler Design<br />Summary of Condenser Design<br />Distillation Column<br />Enriching Section<br />Stripping Section<br />Condenser<br />Re-boiler<br />
  8. 8. Plant Location<br />Parameters considered:<br /><ul><li>Economic Considerations – construction and operating costs
  9. 9. Process Requirements
  10. 10. Operation
  11. 11. Maintenance
  12. 12. Safety
  13. 13. Plant Expansion
  14. 14. Modular Construction</li></li></ul><li>Cost Estimation<br />Total Equipment and Installation Costs = 1,29,51,900 INR<br />Total Direct Plant Cost = 2,21,13,000 INR<br />Total Capital Investment = 2,99,57,850 INR<br />Profit Percentage = 13.84 %<br />Break Even Point – 67.5 % of considered plant capacity<br />
  15. 15. Safety Considerations<br />
  16. 16. References<br />Perry, R.H. and Green, D.W. – “Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook” - 7th Edition McGraw-Hill, 1997<br />Martyn S. Ray David W. Johnstan– “Chemical Engineering Design Project: A Case Study Approach” - 2nd Edition, 1978<br />McCabe, W., Smith, J. and Harriott, P -“Unit operations in Chemical Engineering” - 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2004<br />Joshi M.V. and MahajaniV.V.– “Process Equipment Design” - 3rd Edition, MacMillan India <br />Max S. Peters and KalusD.Timmerhaus - “Plant design and economics for chemical engineers” - 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill, 1991<br />Free patents online – Patent no:US4251460 Process for production of dimethyl formamdie.1981<br />

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