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Managing Hyper-V With PowerShell


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This was the slide deck used for my technet Webcast

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Managing Hyper-V With PowerShell

  1. 1. Managing Microsoft Hyper-V with PowerShell<br />Ravikanth Chaganti<br />
  2. 2. About Me<br />Lead Engineer at Dell<br />Windows PowerShell MVP<br />Author of<br />Free eBook: Layman’s guide to PowerShell 2.0 remoting<br />Free eBook: WMI Query Language via PowerShell (coming soon)<br />Co-author on Quest’s SharePoint 2010 & PowerShell cheat sheet<br />Blog at<br />
  3. 3. Agenda<br />PowerShell 2.0 features<br />Integrated Scripting Environment<br />PowerShell remoting<br />PowerShell for Hyper-V<br />Hyper-V WMI – Overview<br />Virtual Machine Management<br />Virtual Network Management<br />Virtual Storage Management<br />Hyper-V PowerShell Module<br />Q & A<br />
  4. 4. PowerShell 2.0 Features<br />Advanced Functions<br />Integrated Scripting Environment<br />Remoting<br />Background jobs<br />Eventing<br />Better error handling & debugging support<br />Several new cmdlets<br />
  5. 5. Integrated Scripting Environment (ISE)<br />Output Pane<br />Script Pane<br />Command Pane<br />
  6. 6. PowerShell Remoting<br />Enables Universal Code Execution Model<br />Whatever runs locally should run anywhere<br />Uses Windows Remote Management<br />Supports several remoting methods<br />Invoke-Command<br />Interactive remoting<br />Implicit remoting<br />
  7. 7. PowerShell for Hyper-V<br />No built-in cmdlets<br />Rich set of WMI interfaces under rootvirtualization namespace<br />108 classes prefixed with Msvm_<br />Complex to script<br />PowerShell module for Hyper-V<br />Developed by James O’neill<br /><br />System Center Virtual Machine Manager cmdlets<br />
  8. 8. Hyper-V WMI - Overview<br />Get enabled when Hyper-V role is installed<br />Present in rootvirtualization namespace<br />108 classes<br />Excluding the CIM and system classes<br />Can be categorized in to:<br />BIOS<br />Input<br />Integration Component<br />Memory / Processor / Networking / Storage / Serial / Video Devices<br />Virtual System & Virtual System Management<br />Profile Registration & Resource Management<br />
  9. 9. Hyper-V WMI: Virtual Machine Management<br />Msvm_VirtualSystemManagementService class is used<br />Create, Delete, and Manage VMs<br />DefineVirtualSystem<br />DestroyVirtualSystem<br />ModifyVirtualSystem<br />ModifyVirtualSystemResources<br />RemoveVirtualSystemResources<br />Import, Export, and snapshot VMs<br />ImportVirtualSystemEx<br />ExportVirtualSystemEx<br />CreateVirtualSystemSnapshot<br />RemoveVirtualSystemSnapshot<br />
  10. 10. Hyper-V WMI: Virtual Network Management <br />Msvm_VirtualSwitchManagementService class is used<br />Create, Delete, and Manage virtual network components<br />CreateSwitch<br />CreateSwitchPort<br />DeleteSwitch<br />DeleteSwitchPort<br />ConnectSwitchPort<br />DisconnectSwitchPort<br />
  11. 11. Hyper-V WMI: Virtual Storage Management<br />Msvm_ImageManagementService class is used<br />Create, Mount, and Dismount virtual media<br />CreateFixedVirtualHardDisk<br />CreateDynamicVirtualHardDisk<br />CreateDifferencingVirtualHardDisk<br />Mount<br />Unmount<br />ValidateVirtualHardDisk<br />
  12. 12. Hyper-V PowerShell Module<br />Scripting WMI interfaces is<br />Quite complex<br />Quite verbose<br />Hyper-V PowerShell Module<br />Developed by James O’neill<br />Can be download from<br />Import-Module –Name hyperv<br />Get-Command –Module hyperv<br />Contains 122 cmdlets<br />
  13. 13. Hyper-V PowerShell Module: Virtual Machine<br />Get-VM<br />New-VM<br />Remove-VM<br />Move-VM<br />Export-VM<br />Import-VM<br />Many more….<br />Get-Command -noun VM*<br />
  14. 14. Get-VMSwitch<br />New-VMExternalSwitch<br />New-VMInternalSwitch<br />New-VMPrivateSwitch<br />Remove-VMSwitch<br />Many More..<br />Get-Command –Noun VM*Switch<br />Get-Command -Noun VMNIC*<br />Hyper-V PowerShell Module: Virtual Network<br />
  15. 15. Hyper-V PowerShell Module: Virtual Storage<br />Compress-VHD<br />Convert-VHD<br />Dismount-VHD<br />Expand-VHD<br />Get-VHD<br />Merge-VHD<br />Mount-VHD<br />New-VHD<br />Test-VHD<br />Add-VMDrive<br />Remove-VMDrive<br />
  16. 16. Hyper-V PowerShell Module: VM Resources<br />Add-VMNIC<br />Add-VMDisk<br />Set-VMCPUCount<br />Set-VMMemory<br />Set-VM<br />Many More..<br />
  17. 17. References<br />Hyper-V WMI interfaces:<br />PowerShell Module for Hyper-V:<br />Getting Started with PowerShell:<br />
  18. 18. Q & A<br />