ARISTOTLE’S PEERS
 Logic, government, science!
Socrates
     Socratic Method

     His life story written by Plato,
     his student

     Plato says Socrates was anti-
...
Plato
Related to many important
politicians of Athens, never
married
Plato’s Republic states his
political philosophy
Anal...
Plato
Fled Athens in 399 BCE and moved in with his friend Euclid.
Also traveled to Egypt and North Africa studying astrono...
Academy
Placed on a sacred site
dedicated to Athena in 387 BCE
by Plato

Named for a war hero,
Akademos

Plato taught ther...
Aristotle’s Politics
           Defining life in cities as
           political life for living a
           good life, not...
Aristotle’s Ethics
Virtue is based on
everything fulfilling its
proper function
Because man is the only
creature that has a...
Aristotelian Lyceum



Built on an old Temple of Apollo just outside Athens in 335
BCE by Aristotle

Peripatetics - his fo...
Aristotelian Logic
Made of of two propositions, or statements assumed to be true,
followed by a syllogism

If two proposit...
Frosharistotle
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Frosharistotle

369 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Frosharistotle

  1. 1. ARISTOTLE’S PEERS Logic, government, science!
  2. 2. Socrates Socratic Method His life story written by Plato, his student Plato says Socrates was anti- democracy Socrates is generally portrayed as being in pursuit of truth, but not having achieved it yet Executed by poisoning in 399 BCE His life story was told by his most famous student.......
  3. 3. Plato Related to many important politicians of Athens, never married Plato’s Republic states his political philosophy Analogy of the Cave Defining happiness for city- dwellers Dividing society into three classes
  4. 4. Plato Fled Athens in 399 BCE and moved in with his friend Euclid. Also traveled to Egypt and North Africa studying astronomy Was monotheistic and believed in rewards in the afterlife for good behavior Believed that information came to us at God’s grace and that we could not learn anything that was not divinely given to us Irritated the leader of Syracuse in 388 BCE who had Plato sold as a slave, but he was purchased by a friend and set free
  5. 5. Academy Placed on a sacred site dedicated to Athena in 387 BCE by Plato Named for a war hero, Akademos Plato taught there for 38 years and had a sign put over the entrance that read “No one shall enter who knows no geometry” Most famous student was....
  6. 6. Aristotle’s Politics Defining life in cities as political life for living a good life, not just for protection or convenience Compared ruler-subject relationship to master- slave and father-child relationships
  7. 7. Aristotle’s Ethics Virtue is based on everything fulfilling its proper function Because man is the only creature that has a soul, his ethical purpose must be to use his soul One who leads a balanced life - the golden mean has happiness of the soul
  8. 8. Aristotelian Lyceum Built on an old Temple of Apollo just outside Athens in 335 BCE by Aristotle Peripatetics - his followers who walked around with him as Aristotle explained the workings of the world
  9. 9. Aristotelian Logic Made of of two propositions, or statements assumed to be true, followed by a syllogism If two propositions are true and apply to each other, the syllogism will be true as well A-type: Universal and affirmative or ("All men are mortal") I-type: Particular and affirmative ("Some men are philosophers") E-type: Universal and negative ("No philosophers are rich") O-type: Particular and negative ("Some men are not philosophers").

×