Plato was originally named Aristocles, but one of his teachers called him Plato, either because of the breadth of his shoulders or his speech. his nickname, Plato, originated from wrestling. Since Plato means broad, it probably refers either to his physical appearance or to his wrestling stance or style.
Plato was born around May 21 in 428 or 427 B.C., a year or two after Pericles died and during the Peloponnesian War He was related to Solon and could trace his ancestry to the last legendary king of Athens. When he was 40 years old, Plato founded one of the earliest known organized schools in Western civilization on a plot of land in the Grove of Academe.
Plato was one of the most famous, respected, and influential philosophers of all time. A type of love (Platonic) is named for him. We know the Greek philosopher Socrates mostly through Platos dialogues. Atlantis enthusiasts know Plato for his parable about it. Plato saw tripartite structures in the world around him. His social structure theory had a governing class, warriors, and workers. Plato thought the human soul contained reason, spirit, and appetite. Plato may have founded an institution of learning known as the Academy, from which we get the word academic.
He was raised in a moderately well-to-do aristocratic family. His father was named Ariston, and his mother Perictione. His family claimed descent from the ancient Athenian kings, and he was related though there is disagreement as to exactly how—to the prominent politician Critias. Plato was also deeply influenced by a number of prior philosophers, including: the Pythagoreans, whose notions of numerical harmony have clear echoes in Platos notion of the Forms; Anaxagoras, who taught Socrates and who held that the mind, or reason, pervades everything; and Parmenides, who argued for the unity of all things and may have influenced Platos concept of the soul.
Platonic When people refer to Platonic Love they are referring to an affectionate relationship without sexual intimacy. The type of love Plato seems to have admired most was that in which one man loved another because of his intelligence or virtue, rather than because of his physical attractions.http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/sexualit1/g/PlatonicLove.htm
Anaxagoras was born in Ioniain the town of Clazomenae, alively port city on the coast ofpresent-day Turkey.Anaxagoras made his way toAthens and he is often creditedwith making her the home ofWestern philosophical andphysical speculation.
Academy was "a large enclosure of ground which was once the property of a citizen at Athens named Academus... some, however, say that it received its name from an ancient hero" (Robinson, Arch. Graec. I i 16), and it operated until AD 529, when it was closed by Justinian I of Byzantium because he saw it as a threat to the propagation of Christianity. Many intellectuals were schooled in the Academy, the most prominent one being Aristotle.
When Plato died, in 347 B.C., after Philip II of Macedonia had begun his conquest of Greece, leadership of the Academy passed not to Aristotle, who had been a student and then teacher there for 20 years, and who expected to follow, but to Platos nephew Speusippus. The Academy continued for several more centuries.
Plato was a student and follower of Socrates until 399, when the condemned Socrates died after drinking the prescribed cup of hemlock. It is through Plato that we are most familiar with Socrates philosophy because Plato wrote dialogues in which his teacher took part, usually asking leading questions -- the Socratic method. Platos Apology is Platos version of the death of Socrates.The mythical place known as Atlantis appears aspart of a parable in a fragment of Platos latedialogue Critias.
Platos Symposium contains ideas on love held by various philosophers and other Athenians. It entertains many points of view, including the idea that people were originally doubled -- some with the same gender and others with the opposite, and that, once cut, they spend their lives looking for their other part. This idea "explains" sexual preferences.Plato is perhaps best known to collegestudents for his parable of a cave, whichappears in Platos Republic.Plato is on the list of Most Important People toKnow in Ancient History.