AustriaAustrian food is rich in texture and has aunique flavor. Austrian cuisine wasinfluenced by the countries surrounding it.These countries are Germany, Hungary,and Italy. The most consumed meats inAustria are chicken, beef, and pork.Pastries, sweets, jams, and cakes are alsoAustrian favorites. Some famous Austriandishes are Wiener Schnitzel and AppleStrudel. It is believed that the WienerSchnitzel originally came from Milan, Italyand was introduced to Viennese cuisine inthe 16th century.
NorwayTraditional Norwegian food is smokedsalmon. It is cooked many waysand is served with dill, egg anddifferent kinds of sauces. Otherkinds of fish that are commonlyeaten are smoked herring,sardines, cod and mackerel. Whalemeat and horsemeat are often usedto make Norwegian sausages.
EnglandThe English have healthy and fillingmeals everyday. Because Englandbegan to trade with India in the 18thcentury, India had a great influenceon English food. The food becamemore flavorful with many herbs andspices. Tarts, cakes, pastries, pies,and pudding are very common inEnglish cuisine. Toast, coffee, andcereal are also often eaten, especiallyduring breakfast.
SpainSpanish food is a blend of Roman,Greek, and Celtic food. The Greeksand Romans introduced grapes,wine, and olives. Meat pies and fishcame from the Celts. Ingredientssuch as garbanzo beans, lentils, andgreen beans are often used indishes. Potatoes, rice, almonds,sesame seeds, onions, tomatoes,eggs, red bell peppers, and olive oilmake up most Spanish dishes andoffer Spaniards tasty meals.
FranceFrench cuisine has a rich history ofsophisticated dishes and plentifulfeasts. Because of the rich soil,many herbs, fruits, grains, andvegetables are grown in France.Brandy and wine are the mostpopular French alcoholic drinks.Cheese is very important forFrench cuisine and is used innumerous dishes. Veal, chicken,goose, duck, mutton, and pork aregreat meats that French disheshave to offer.
GermanyFood in Germany is important to itsculture. The most popular meats inGermany are pork, veal, and beef.Germans love to smoke or pickle meatsince it gives a great flavor to thefood. Germans typically eat breads,sausages, meats, vegetables, andcheeses. Potatoes are essential toGerman cuisine and are found in manydishes. Breakfast is made up of jam,eggs, cheese, and meat. The mostfamous German dish is considered tobe Sauerkraut.
GreeceGreek cuisine is very old and beganthousands of years ago. Most of the foodseaten by Greeks today were influenced bythe foods eaten in Ancient Greece.However, the Romans and Persian alsohad an effect on Greek food. Pasta andsauces were brought by Romans, and thePersians introduced pastries, sweets, andyogurt. Greek dishes often include freshfruits, vegetables, fish, cheese, and bread.Olives and soup are well-known in Greeceas well.
ItalyFrance, Austria, and the formerYugoslavia had a great effect on thecooking techniques and food of Italy.Italian cuisine is based on a fewdishes. These famous dishes arepasta, lasagna, ravioli, and pizza.Italian food is very spicy and oftenincludes ingredients such as crushedred pepper, black pepper, red bellpepper, and green bell pepper. Cheeseis also an indispensable ingredient. Afew types of Italian cheese areromano, parmesan, mozzarella,ricotta, and gorgonzola.
PortugalThe food in Portugal is often filling,rich and full of flavor. It is verymuch like the food of theMediterranean. The former coloniesof Portugal contributed manydifferent spices that include piri piri(small, spicy chili peppers), as wellas cinnamon, black pepper, saffronand vanilla. Olive oil is also one ofthe common bases of the foods ofPortugal.
SwedenSome of the traditional dishes ofSweden are hundreds of years old, butare still an essential part of theeveryday meals of the people. There isa very long coast and many rivers andlakes. This makes seafood and fish alarge part of the Swedish diet andmost Swedes love seafood includingsalmon that is usually marinated orsmoked. A common Swedish breakfastis a sandwich made of different kindsof soft breads, cottage cheese, creamcheese, cold cuts, eggs, goat cheese,cucumbers, tomatoes or toast. All thisis often served with juice, coffee andhoney.
SwitzerlandThe food of the Swiss is unusual inthat it has so many regionalinfluences from the cuisine of itsneighbors. This includes theFrench, German and Italians.Historically, Switzerland was afarming country, and the mostpopular crops and foods includecheese and potatoes as well aschocolate.
CyprusThroughout its history, the island of Cyprushas been invaded and occupied by manydifferent civilizations. Because of this, thetraditional cuisine of Cyprus has beenaffected by the different people who havelived there. While the food in this countrydoes carry strong Turkish and Greekinfluences, it is also widely affected by theclimate, history and geography. Fast foodand other kinds of western cuisines havealso carried a strong influence on the dayto day eating habits of the people in thiscountry.