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Refinery Gas Analyses with Multidetek2 Compact Gas Chromatograph and Plasmadetek2 Gas Detector

The analysis of trace permanent gases has many different elds of application in the petrochemical industry. One of the most important is for controlling the manufacturing process and the product quality. For example, some contaminants as carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide tend to deteriorate the catalysts in the propylene and ethylene polymer grade production.

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LD16-05
Refinery gas analyses with MultiDetek2 compact gas
chromatograph and PlasmaDetek2 gas detector
APPLICATION NOTE
MultiDetek2 PlasmaDetek2
LDETEK SOLUTION:
The MultiDetek2 compact GC solution combined with the PlasmaDetek2 (PED) can perform the analysis of low concentration H2-O2-
N2-CH4-CO-CO2 in different petrochemical gases as propylene, ethylene, propane, butylenes, butane and some others.
The analysis of trace permanent gases has many different fields of application in the petrochemical
industry. One of the most important is for controlling the manufacturing process and the product
quality. For example, some contaminants as carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide tend to deteriorate
the catalysts in the propylene and ethylene polymer grade production.
An instrument for monitoring trace impurities is then required. Many different GC techniques are
available on the market. Most of the techniques use a combination of TCD, FID and methanizer for
the trace analysis of H2-O2-N2-CH4-CO-CO2 in propylene and ethylene. More precisely, an FID and
a methanizer are used to trace CH4-CO and CO2. A TCD with Hydrogen or Helium carrier gas is used
to trace O2-N2 detection. Finally, a second TCD with Argon or Nitrogen carrier gas must be added
to trace H2 detection. These solutions require complex GC solutions with multiple detectors and
multiple gas sources for carrier, fuel and air. On top of that, an FPD must be added in some cases
when the trace analysis of H2S is required.
This solution offers the advantage of having a single detection technology based on plasma emission detector to achieve detection
limits from ppb to ppm as required for this type of application. A single carrier gas source is necessary. It can be Helium or Argon
depending on the availability of gases on site.
The method is configured with 2 channels merging in one PlasmaDetek2(PED). The first channel has a 10 port injection/backflush
diaphragm valve with a Q Bond pre- column that allows the elution of H2-O2-N2-CH4-CO as one peak and then vent out the heavier
gases. The second column is a molecular sieve used for the separation of the previously mentioned impurities that will go one by one
to the PED through a diaphragm selection valve. The second channel will use the same hardware configuration as the first channel
except that no molecular sieve column will be added. Then, after the elution of CO2 through the pre- column, the heavier impurities
as propylene, ethylene and others will be vented out of the system. Again, the CO2 will be redirected to the PlasmaDete2 through the
selection valve.

For some other RGA applications, it is also required to measure some light hydrocarbons and sulfurs. For these cases, the MultiDetek2
is so flexible that the configuration can be modified to achieve such measurement capability in the same compact chassis.
For example, the trace H2S analysis can be added in the same channel as the one already used to trace CO2 with the Q Bond column.
No need to add extra detector as FPD or PFPD as generally used since the same PlasmaDetek2 can detect low concentration sulfurs. In
the case that H2S is added, then coated gas lines must be used to reduce surface adsorption. The detector doesn’t have to be modified
since it is made of Quartz, which is perfectly inert to trace sulfur.
For the light hydrocarbon analysis using the same MultiDetek2, a diaphragm valve network channel combined with Alumina type
column and a second PlasmaDetek2 configured for hydrocarbons can be added. It is also possible to add an FID detector in the same
unit if required.
The MultiDetek2 can be used in many different application fields related to the refinery
gas analyses.
Fuel
Gas
ETHYLENE
Reformer
Gas
Propylene
Propane
Stack
Gas
Butane
Butylene
Where innovation leads to success www.ldetek.com
RESULTS:
900
1400
1900
2400
2900
3400
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Response(mV)
Time (minutes)
CO2
H2
O2
N2
CH4 CO
Figure 1: Chromatogram of trace impurities in balance Propylene
MultiDetek2 interface
Figure 2: Results showing stability
from a mixture cylinder
containing trace impurities in
balance gas Propylene
www.ldetek.com Where innovation leads to success
271 St-Alphonse Sud, Thetford Mines, (Qc), Canada, G6G 3V7
Phone: 418 755-1319 • Fax: 418 755-1329 • info@ldetek.com
Note: other LDL could be obtained with different injection volume and chromatographic conditions
COMPONENT CONCENTRATION PEAK HEIGHT NOISE LDL (3X NOISE)
H2
8.155 ppm 2701 mV 2.2 mV 0.020 ppm
O2
9.129 ppm 2655 mV 1.5 mV 0.015 ppm
N2
10.564 ppm 2740 mV 1.1 mV 0.012 ppm
CH4
9.657 ppm 2501 mV 2 mV 0.023 ppm
CO 9.696 ppm 2482 mV 2.5 mV 0.029 ppm
CO2
5.236 ppm 2010 mV 2.1 mV 0.016 ppm
Figure 3: LDL based on 3 times noise ratio
CONCLUSION:
With this simple method, the MultiDetek2 compact and robust GC brings an innovative solution for this type of application. The platform
also offers the standard industrial communication protocols, the remote connectivity and a built- in or external PC with software
interface. The refinery gas analysis market can now have a compact, robust and flexible GC analyzer using a single detector type
(PlasmaDetek2) and a single carrier type to cover the whole range of applications.
Where innovation leads to success www.ldetek.com
For More Information Contact:
Ives Equipment
Home Office
601 Croton Road
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Philadelphia, PA: 610-768-1600
Baltimore, MD: 877-281-5678
York, PA: 717-227-1580
Washington, DC: 877-281-5678
Richmond,VA: 877-281-5678
www.IvesEquipment.com

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Refinery Gas Analyses with Multidetek2 Compact Gas Chromatograph and Plasmadetek2 Gas Detector

  • 1. LD16-05 Refinery gas analyses with MultiDetek2 compact gas chromatograph and PlasmaDetek2 gas detector APPLICATION NOTE MultiDetek2 PlasmaDetek2 LDETEK SOLUTION: The MultiDetek2 compact GC solution combined with the PlasmaDetek2 (PED) can perform the analysis of low concentration H2-O2- N2-CH4-CO-CO2 in different petrochemical gases as propylene, ethylene, propane, butylenes, butane and some others. The analysis of trace permanent gases has many different fields of application in the petrochemical industry. One of the most important is for controlling the manufacturing process and the product quality. For example, some contaminants as carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide tend to deteriorate the catalysts in the propylene and ethylene polymer grade production. An instrument for monitoring trace impurities is then required. Many different GC techniques are available on the market. Most of the techniques use a combination of TCD, FID and methanizer for the trace analysis of H2-O2-N2-CH4-CO-CO2 in propylene and ethylene. More precisely, an FID and a methanizer are used to trace CH4-CO and CO2. A TCD with Hydrogen or Helium carrier gas is used to trace O2-N2 detection. Finally, a second TCD with Argon or Nitrogen carrier gas must be added to trace H2 detection. These solutions require complex GC solutions with multiple detectors and multiple gas sources for carrier, fuel and air. On top of that, an FPD must be added in some cases when the trace analysis of H2S is required.
  • 2. This solution offers the advantage of having a single detection technology based on plasma emission detector to achieve detection limits from ppb to ppm as required for this type of application. A single carrier gas source is necessary. It can be Helium or Argon depending on the availability of gases on site. The method is configured with 2 channels merging in one PlasmaDetek2(PED). The first channel has a 10 port injection/backflush diaphragm valve with a Q Bond pre- column that allows the elution of H2-O2-N2-CH4-CO as one peak and then vent out the heavier gases. The second column is a molecular sieve used for the separation of the previously mentioned impurities that will go one by one to the PED through a diaphragm selection valve. The second channel will use the same hardware configuration as the first channel except that no molecular sieve column will be added. Then, after the elution of CO2 through the pre- column, the heavier impurities as propylene, ethylene and others will be vented out of the system. Again, the CO2 will be redirected to the PlasmaDete2 through the selection valve.  For some other RGA applications, it is also required to measure some light hydrocarbons and sulfurs. For these cases, the MultiDetek2 is so flexible that the configuration can be modified to achieve such measurement capability in the same compact chassis. For example, the trace H2S analysis can be added in the same channel as the one already used to trace CO2 with the Q Bond column. No need to add extra detector as FPD or PFPD as generally used since the same PlasmaDetek2 can detect low concentration sulfurs. In the case that H2S is added, then coated gas lines must be used to reduce surface adsorption. The detector doesn’t have to be modified since it is made of Quartz, which is perfectly inert to trace sulfur. For the light hydrocarbon analysis using the same MultiDetek2, a diaphragm valve network channel combined with Alumina type column and a second PlasmaDetek2 configured for hydrocarbons can be added. It is also possible to add an FID detector in the same unit if required. The MultiDetek2 can be used in many different application fields related to the refinery gas analyses. Fuel Gas ETHYLENE Reformer Gas Propylene Propane Stack Gas Butane Butylene Where innovation leads to success www.ldetek.com
  • 3. RESULTS: 900 1400 1900 2400 2900 3400 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Response(mV) Time (minutes) CO2 H2 O2 N2 CH4 CO Figure 1: Chromatogram of trace impurities in balance Propylene MultiDetek2 interface Figure 2: Results showing stability from a mixture cylinder containing trace impurities in balance gas Propylene www.ldetek.com Where innovation leads to success
  • 4. 271 St-Alphonse Sud, Thetford Mines, (Qc), Canada, G6G 3V7 Phone: 418 755-1319 • Fax: 418 755-1329 • info@ldetek.com Note: other LDL could be obtained with different injection volume and chromatographic conditions COMPONENT CONCENTRATION PEAK HEIGHT NOISE LDL (3X NOISE) H2 8.155 ppm 2701 mV 2.2 mV 0.020 ppm O2 9.129 ppm 2655 mV 1.5 mV 0.015 ppm N2 10.564 ppm 2740 mV 1.1 mV 0.012 ppm CH4 9.657 ppm 2501 mV 2 mV 0.023 ppm CO 9.696 ppm 2482 mV 2.5 mV 0.029 ppm CO2 5.236 ppm 2010 mV 2.1 mV 0.016 ppm Figure 3: LDL based on 3 times noise ratio CONCLUSION: With this simple method, the MultiDetek2 compact and robust GC brings an innovative solution for this type of application. The platform also offers the standard industrial communication protocols, the remote connectivity and a built- in or external PC with software interface. The refinery gas analysis market can now have a compact, robust and flexible GC analyzer using a single detector type (PlasmaDetek2) and a single carrier type to cover the whole range of applications. Where innovation leads to success www.ldetek.com For More Information Contact: Ives Equipment Home Office 601 Croton Road King of Prussia, PA 19406 Philadelphia, PA: 610-768-1600 Baltimore, MD: 877-281-5678 York, PA: 717-227-1580 Washington, DC: 877-281-5678 Richmond,VA: 877-281-5678 www.IvesEquipment.com