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Self-Regulating Heat Trace Cable Application and Operating Principles

Self-regulating heater cable is a parallel circuit electric heater strip. An irradiation cross-linked conductive polymer core material is extruded over the multi-stranded, tin-plated, 18 gauge copper bus wires. The conductive core material increases or decreases its heat output in response to temperature changes. A thermoplastic elastomer dielectric jacket is then extruded over the conductive core. A copper braid is installed over this jacket providing a continuous ground path. A UV stabilized thermoplastic elastomer overjacket is provided to cover the braid for wet applications and exposure to the sun.

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NELSON™
SELF-REGULATING HEATERS
A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N
315-SA-040
May 2015
TYPE CLT
Description:
Nelson Type CLT self-
regulating heater cable is a
parallel circuit electric heater
strip. An irradiation cross-
linked conductive polymer
core material is extruded over
the multi-stranded, tin-plated,
18-guage copper bus wires.
The conductive core material
increases or decreases its heat
output in response to
temperature changes. A
thermoplastic elastomer
dielectric jacket is then
extruded over the conductive
core. A copper braid is
installed over this jacket
providing a continuous ground
path. A UV stabilized
thermoplastic elastomer
overjacket is provided to cover
the braid for wet applications
and exposure to the sun.
Principle of Operation:
The parallel bus wires apply
voltage along the entire length of
the heater cable. The conductive
core provides an infinite number of
parallel conductive paths
permitting the cable to be cut to
any length in the field with no dead
or cold zones developing. The
heater cable derives its self-
regulating characteristic from the
inherent properties of the
conductive core material. As the
core material temperature
increases, the number of
conductive paths in the core
material decreases, automatically
decreasing the heat output. As the
temperature decreases, the number
of conductive paths increases,
causing the heat output to increase.
This occurs at every point along the
length of the cable, adjusting the
power output to the varying
conditions along the pipe. The
self-regulating effect allows the
cable to be overlapped without
creating hot spots or burnout. As
the cable self-regulates it heat
output, it provides for the efficient
use of electric power, producing
heat only when and where it is
needed, and also limiting the
maximum surface temperature.
Application:
Nelson's Type CLT self-regulating
heater cable is ideal for use in
maintaining fluid flow under low
ambient conditions. Freeze
protection and low watt density
process temperature systems such
as pipelines, fire protection, process
water, dust suppression systems,
hot water and structure anti-icing
are typical applications for this
product. For other than metal pipe
heating, see appropriate application
guide. The base product is
supplied with a copper metal braid
with a thermoplastic elastomer
overjacket for wet applications,
exposure to the sun, and where
mechanical abuse is a problem.
Cables are UL Listed and CSA
Certified for use in non-hazardous
locations and can be used on
branch sprinkler systems.
 Stranded Copper Conductors
 Self Regulating Conductive Core
 Thermoplastic Elastomer Jacket
 Standard Overjacket
 Standard Metal Braid
NELSON™
PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION
A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N
315-SA-040
2 May 2015
TYPE CLT
Cable Selection @ 0F Minimum Ambient Temperature
Application Design Conditions
Maintain Temperature 40F
Insulation Type Fiberglass
Wind Speed 20 MPH
Safety Factor 10%
Heater Attachment GT-6 Fiberglass Tape
Metallic Pipe Applications* include Carbon Steel,
Stainless Steel and Copper pipe.
Non-Metallic Pipe Applications* include FRP, PVC,
CPVC, HDPE, ABS and Polypropylene.
The information in the tables below represents the wattage of cable necessary to meet the Design Conditions. CLT3 = 3,
CLT5 = 5, CLT8 = 8. If a single pass of cable does not satisfy the heat loss requirement, then multiple passes are shown.
Example: 5(2) (two passes of 5 watt product).
Metallic Pipe Applications *
208 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8
1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5
120/240 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 8
1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5
277 VAC @
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5
1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Non-Metallic Pipe Applications *
208 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 8(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 8(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8
120/240 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 3 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 5(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 8 8
277 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 3 3 3 5 8 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2) 5(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 8 8
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 8
NELSON™
PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION
A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N
315-SA-040
3 May 2015
TYPE CLT
Cable Selection @ -20F Minimum Ambient Temperature
Application Design Conditions
Maintain Temperature 40F
Insulation Type Fiberglass
Wind Speed 20 MPH
Safety Factor 10%
Heater Attachment GT-6 Fiberglass Tape
Metallic Pipe Applications* include Carbon Steel,
Stainless Steel and Copper pipe.
Non-Metallic Pipe Applications* include FRP, PVC,
CPVC, HDPE, ABS and Polypropylene.
The information in the tables below represents the wattage of cable necessary to meet the Design Conditions. CLT3 = 3,
CLT5 = 5, CLT8 = 8. If a single pass of cable does not satisfy the heat loss requirement, then multiple passes are shown.
Example: 5(2) (two passes of 5 watt product).
Metallic Pipe Applications *
208 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 5 5 5 8 8 8
1.0” 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8
120/240 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 3 5 5 5 8 8
1.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 8
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8
277 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5
Non-Metallic Pipe Applications *
208 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
2.0” 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
120/240 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 5 5 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2)
277 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 5 5 5 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 5(2) 8(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2)
NELSON™
PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION
A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N
315-SA-040
4 May 2015
TYPE CLT
Cable Selection @ -40F Minimum Ambient Temperature
Application Design Conditions
Maintain Temperature 40F
Insulation Type Fiberglass
Wind Speed 20 MPH
Safety Factor 10%
Heater Attachment GT-6 Fiberglass Tape
Metallic Pipe Applications* include Carbon Steel,
Stainless Steel and Copper pipe.
Non-Metallic Pipe Applications* include FRP, PVC,
CPVC, HDPE, ABS and Polypropylene.
The information in the tables below represents the wattage of cable necessary to meet the Design Conditions. CLT3 = 3,
CLT5 = 5, CLT8 = 8. If a single pass of cable does not satisfy the heat loss requirement, then multiple passes are shown.
Example: 5(2) (two passes of 5 watt product).
Metallic Pipe Applications *
208 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 5 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2)
120/240 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 8 8(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8
277 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 3 5 5 8 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 5(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8
Non-Metallic Pipe Applications *
208 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.5” 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
2.0” 5 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
120/240 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 8 8 8 8(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
2.0” 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2)
277 VAC
Insulation
Thickness
Pipe Size (in inches)
0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
0.5” 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
1.0” 3 3 5 8 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2)
1.5” 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2)
2.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 5(2) 8(2)
NELSON™
PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION
A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N
315-SA-040
5 May 2015
TYPE CLT
Performance and Rating Data:
Catalog No. CLT3 CLT5 CLT8 CLT23 CLT25 CLT28
Voltage (VAC) 120 120 120 240 240 240
Power Output @ 40°F (W/ft.) 3.2 5.4 8.6 3.2 5.4 8.6
Maximum Segment Length (ft.) 221 178 142 533 458 347
Minimum Installation Temp (°F) -35°F -35°F -35°F -35°F -35°F -35°F
Current Load (amp/foot):
At 0°F Start-up .072 .100 .143 .036 .050 .071
At -20°F Start-up .080 .111 .158 .040 .056 .079
At -40°F Start-up .088 .122 .174 .044 .061 .087
Note: Amp/Foot values include 20% breaker derating per National Electrical Code.
Circuit Breaker Selection:
Watts/Ft.
Start-Up
Temp.
Maximum Length (feet) Vs Circuit Breaker Size
120VAC 240VAC
15A 20A 30A 15A 20A 30A 40A
3 40°F 268 358 537 537 716 1074 1432
0°F 208 277 416 416 555 832 1110
-20°F 187 249 374 374 499 748 998
-40°F 170 226 340 340 453 679 906
5 40°F 192 256 384 384 511 767 1023
0°F 150 199 299 299 399 598 798
-20°F 135 180 269 269 359 539 718
-40°F 123 163 245 245 327 490 654
8 40°F 134 179 269 269 358 537 716
0°F 105 140 210 210 280 421 561
-20°F 95 127 190 190 253 380 506
-40°F 86 115 173 173 231 346 461
Notes:
1. Maximum segment length is the maximum continuous heater run with minimal voltage drop. For breaker loading,
multiple heater segments can be installed in parallel providing no individual length is longer than the maximum
published segment length. For voltages other than 240VAC, multiply the amps/foot value in the table above by the
power adjustment value below, then divide full breaker amperage rating by the adjusted value to determine maximum
total footage allowed.
2. Circuit breakers are sized per Article 427-4 of the 1999 National Electrical Code.
3. Article 427-22 of the National Electrical Code requires ground-fault equipment protection for each branch circuit
supplying electric heating equipment. Electrical connections should be made by a licensed electrician.
4. Cable Selection Tables are designed for product selection over a wide range of piping materials. For specific
applications utilizing heat transfer aids, such as AT-50 aluminum foil tape, consult your Nelson products
representative.
Voltage Adjustment:
Use of Type CLT products at other than
nominal voltages requires minor adjustments in
power and maximum segment lengths.
Catalog Numbers:
Voltage
Overjacketed
3 5 8
120VAC CLT3-JT CLT5-JT CLT8-JT
240VAC CLT23-JT CLT25-JT CLT28-JT
Adjustment Multiplier
Product
208VAC 277VAC
Power Length Power Length
CLT23 .71 1.04 1.34 .98
CLT25 .80 1.01 1.22 1.02
CLT28 .87 1.00 1.12 1.03
NELSON™
PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION
A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N
315-SA-040
6 February 2009
TYPE CLT
Additional Footage of Heater for Various Heat Sinks
Pipe Size Standard
Flange
Blind
Flange
Pipe
Support
Screwed or
Welded
Valve
Flanged
Valve
Butterfly
Valve
0.50 .3 .5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.75 .3 .5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.0
1.00 .3 .5 1.5 1.0 2.0 1.0
1.50 .3 .5 1.5 1.5 2.5 1.5
2.00 .3 .5 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.0
3.00 .5 .75 2.0 2.5 3.0 2.5
4.00 .5 .75 2.5 3.0 4.0 3.0
6.00 .75 1.0 2.5 3.5 5.0 3.5
8.00 .75 1.0 2.5 4.0 7.0 4.0
Power Connection Kit - PLT-LPM
Junction Box
(not included in kit)
End Seal - LT-ME
In-line splice under insulation - LT-SS
Heater cable loop
Tee splice under insulation - LT-ST
Pipe Clamps
Heater Cable
Fiberglass Tape
Insulation
Note: Heater cable power connections and end seals are included in Power Connection Kit (PLT-LPM). Additional heater
cable end seals, splices, tees and thermostats are used as needed.
Components and Accessories:
Catalog No. Units Description
PLT-LPM Ea. Power Connection Kit with Cable Seals
LT-SS 5 Ea. Splice Kit – Heat Shrink
LT-ST 5 Ea. Tee Splice Kit – Heat Shrink
LT-ME 5 Ea. End Termination Cable Seals
PC03 Ea. Pipe Clamp, .50-3.00” Pipe
PC12 Ea. Pipe Clamp, 3.50-12.00” Pipe
GT-6 Ea. Glass Fiber Tape, 60 Feet/Roll
AT-50 Ea. Aluminum Foil Tape, 50 Yards/Roll
WS-100 Ea. Warning Sign
JB-552 Ea. Junction Box, 5” x 5” x 2”, NEMA 4X
TF4X40 Ea. Thermostat, 40°F Fixed Setpoint, NEMA 4X Enclosure
TH4X325 Ea. Thermostat, 25-325°F, NEMA 4X Enclosure
TA4X140 Ea. Ambient Thermostat, 15-140°F, NEMA 4X Enclosure

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Self-Regulating Heat Trace Cable Application and Operating Principles

  • 1. NELSON™ SELF-REGULATING HEATERS A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 May 2015 TYPE CLT Description: Nelson Type CLT self- regulating heater cable is a parallel circuit electric heater strip. An irradiation cross- linked conductive polymer core material is extruded over the multi-stranded, tin-plated, 18-guage copper bus wires. The conductive core material increases or decreases its heat output in response to temperature changes. A thermoplastic elastomer dielectric jacket is then extruded over the conductive core. A copper braid is installed over this jacket providing a continuous ground path. A UV stabilized thermoplastic elastomer overjacket is provided to cover the braid for wet applications and exposure to the sun. Principle of Operation: The parallel bus wires apply voltage along the entire length of the heater cable. The conductive core provides an infinite number of parallel conductive paths permitting the cable to be cut to any length in the field with no dead or cold zones developing. The heater cable derives its self- regulating characteristic from the inherent properties of the conductive core material. As the core material temperature increases, the number of conductive paths in the core material decreases, automatically decreasing the heat output. As the temperature decreases, the number of conductive paths increases, causing the heat output to increase. This occurs at every point along the length of the cable, adjusting the power output to the varying conditions along the pipe. The self-regulating effect allows the cable to be overlapped without creating hot spots or burnout. As the cable self-regulates it heat output, it provides for the efficient use of electric power, producing heat only when and where it is needed, and also limiting the maximum surface temperature. Application: Nelson's Type CLT self-regulating heater cable is ideal for use in maintaining fluid flow under low ambient conditions. Freeze protection and low watt density process temperature systems such as pipelines, fire protection, process water, dust suppression systems, hot water and structure anti-icing are typical applications for this product. For other than metal pipe heating, see appropriate application guide. The base product is supplied with a copper metal braid with a thermoplastic elastomer overjacket for wet applications, exposure to the sun, and where mechanical abuse is a problem. Cables are UL Listed and CSA Certified for use in non-hazardous locations and can be used on branch sprinkler systems.  Stranded Copper Conductors  Self Regulating Conductive Core  Thermoplastic Elastomer Jacket  Standard Overjacket  Standard Metal Braid
  • 2. NELSON™ PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 2 May 2015 TYPE CLT Cable Selection @ 0F Minimum Ambient Temperature Application Design Conditions Maintain Temperature 40F Insulation Type Fiberglass Wind Speed 20 MPH Safety Factor 10% Heater Attachment GT-6 Fiberglass Tape Metallic Pipe Applications* include Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel and Copper pipe. Non-Metallic Pipe Applications* include FRP, PVC, CPVC, HDPE, ABS and Polypropylene. The information in the tables below represents the wattage of cable necessary to meet the Design Conditions. CLT3 = 3, CLT5 = 5, CLT8 = 8. If a single pass of cable does not satisfy the heat loss requirement, then multiple passes are shown. Example: 5(2) (two passes of 5 watt product). Metallic Pipe Applications * 208 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 120/240 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 277 VAC @ Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Non-Metallic Pipe Applications * 208 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 8(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 8(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 120/240 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 3 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 5(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 8 8 277 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 3 3 3 5 8 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2) 5(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 8 8 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 8
  • 3. NELSON™ PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 3 May 2015 TYPE CLT Cable Selection @ -20F Minimum Ambient Temperature Application Design Conditions Maintain Temperature 40F Insulation Type Fiberglass Wind Speed 20 MPH Safety Factor 10% Heater Attachment GT-6 Fiberglass Tape Metallic Pipe Applications* include Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel and Copper pipe. Non-Metallic Pipe Applications* include FRP, PVC, CPVC, HDPE, ABS and Polypropylene. The information in the tables below represents the wattage of cable necessary to meet the Design Conditions. CLT3 = 3, CLT5 = 5, CLT8 = 8. If a single pass of cable does not satisfy the heat loss requirement, then multiple passes are shown. Example: 5(2) (two passes of 5 watt product). Metallic Pipe Applications * 208 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 5 5 5 8 8 8 1.0” 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 120/240 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 3 5 5 5 8 8 1.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 277 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 Non-Metallic Pipe Applications * 208 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 2.0” 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 120/240 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 5 5 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 277 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 5 5 5 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 5(2) 8(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2)
  • 4. NELSON™ PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 4 May 2015 TYPE CLT Cable Selection @ -40F Minimum Ambient Temperature Application Design Conditions Maintain Temperature 40F Insulation Type Fiberglass Wind Speed 20 MPH Safety Factor 10% Heater Attachment GT-6 Fiberglass Tape Metallic Pipe Applications* include Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel and Copper pipe. Non-Metallic Pipe Applications* include FRP, PVC, CPVC, HDPE, ABS and Polypropylene. The information in the tables below represents the wattage of cable necessary to meet the Design Conditions. CLT3 = 3, CLT5 = 5, CLT8 = 8. If a single pass of cable does not satisfy the heat loss requirement, then multiple passes are shown. Example: 5(2) (two passes of 5 watt product). Metallic Pipe Applications * 208 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 5 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 120/240 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 8 8(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 277 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 3 5 5 8 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 5(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 5(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 8 Non-Metallic Pipe Applications * 208 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.5” 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 2.0” 5 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 120/240 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 8 8 8 8(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 5 5 5 8 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 2.0” 3 3 5 5 5 8 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 277 VAC Insulation Thickness Pipe Size (in inches) 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 0.5” 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 1.0” 3 3 5 8 8 5(2) 5(2) 8(2) 1.5” 3 3 3 5 5 8 8 5(2) 8(2) 8(2) 2.0” 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 8 5(2) 8(2)
  • 5. NELSON™ PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 5 May 2015 TYPE CLT Performance and Rating Data: Catalog No. CLT3 CLT5 CLT8 CLT23 CLT25 CLT28 Voltage (VAC) 120 120 120 240 240 240 Power Output @ 40°F (W/ft.) 3.2 5.4 8.6 3.2 5.4 8.6 Maximum Segment Length (ft.) 221 178 142 533 458 347 Minimum Installation Temp (°F) -35°F -35°F -35°F -35°F -35°F -35°F Current Load (amp/foot): At 0°F Start-up .072 .100 .143 .036 .050 .071 At -20°F Start-up .080 .111 .158 .040 .056 .079 At -40°F Start-up .088 .122 .174 .044 .061 .087 Note: Amp/Foot values include 20% breaker derating per National Electrical Code. Circuit Breaker Selection: Watts/Ft. Start-Up Temp. Maximum Length (feet) Vs Circuit Breaker Size 120VAC 240VAC 15A 20A 30A 15A 20A 30A 40A 3 40°F 268 358 537 537 716 1074 1432 0°F 208 277 416 416 555 832 1110 -20°F 187 249 374 374 499 748 998 -40°F 170 226 340 340 453 679 906 5 40°F 192 256 384 384 511 767 1023 0°F 150 199 299 299 399 598 798 -20°F 135 180 269 269 359 539 718 -40°F 123 163 245 245 327 490 654 8 40°F 134 179 269 269 358 537 716 0°F 105 140 210 210 280 421 561 -20°F 95 127 190 190 253 380 506 -40°F 86 115 173 173 231 346 461 Notes: 1. Maximum segment length is the maximum continuous heater run with minimal voltage drop. For breaker loading, multiple heater segments can be installed in parallel providing no individual length is longer than the maximum published segment length. For voltages other than 240VAC, multiply the amps/foot value in the table above by the power adjustment value below, then divide full breaker amperage rating by the adjusted value to determine maximum total footage allowed. 2. Circuit breakers are sized per Article 427-4 of the 1999 National Electrical Code. 3. Article 427-22 of the National Electrical Code requires ground-fault equipment protection for each branch circuit supplying electric heating equipment. Electrical connections should be made by a licensed electrician. 4. Cable Selection Tables are designed for product selection over a wide range of piping materials. For specific applications utilizing heat transfer aids, such as AT-50 aluminum foil tape, consult your Nelson products representative. Voltage Adjustment: Use of Type CLT products at other than nominal voltages requires minor adjustments in power and maximum segment lengths. Catalog Numbers: Voltage Overjacketed 3 5 8 120VAC CLT3-JT CLT5-JT CLT8-JT 240VAC CLT23-JT CLT25-JT CLT28-JT Adjustment Multiplier Product 208VAC 277VAC Power Length Power Length CLT23 .71 1.04 1.34 .98 CLT25 .80 1.01 1.22 1.02 CLT28 .87 1.00 1.12 1.03
  • 6. NELSON™ PIPING FREEZE PROTECTION A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 6 February 2009 TYPE CLT Additional Footage of Heater for Various Heat Sinks Pipe Size Standard Flange Blind Flange Pipe Support Screwed or Welded Valve Flanged Valve Butterfly Valve 0.50 .3 .5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.75 .3 .5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.00 .3 .5 1.5 1.0 2.0 1.0 1.50 .3 .5 1.5 1.5 2.5 1.5 2.00 .3 .5 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.0 3.00 .5 .75 2.0 2.5 3.0 2.5 4.00 .5 .75 2.5 3.0 4.0 3.0 6.00 .75 1.0 2.5 3.5 5.0 3.5 8.00 .75 1.0 2.5 4.0 7.0 4.0 Power Connection Kit - PLT-LPM Junction Box (not included in kit) End Seal - LT-ME In-line splice under insulation - LT-SS Heater cable loop Tee splice under insulation - LT-ST Pipe Clamps Heater Cable Fiberglass Tape Insulation Note: Heater cable power connections and end seals are included in Power Connection Kit (PLT-LPM). Additional heater cable end seals, splices, tees and thermostats are used as needed. Components and Accessories: Catalog No. Units Description PLT-LPM Ea. Power Connection Kit with Cable Seals LT-SS 5 Ea. Splice Kit – Heat Shrink LT-ST 5 Ea. Tee Splice Kit – Heat Shrink LT-ME 5 Ea. End Termination Cable Seals PC03 Ea. Pipe Clamp, .50-3.00” Pipe PC12 Ea. Pipe Clamp, 3.50-12.00” Pipe GT-6 Ea. Glass Fiber Tape, 60 Feet/Roll AT-50 Ea. Aluminum Foil Tape, 50 Yards/Roll WS-100 Ea. Warning Sign JB-552 Ea. Junction Box, 5” x 5” x 2”, NEMA 4X TF4X40 Ea. Thermostat, 40°F Fixed Setpoint, NEMA 4X Enclosure TH4X325 Ea. Thermostat, 25-325°F, NEMA 4X Enclosure TA4X140 Ea. Ambient Thermostat, 15-140°F, NEMA 4X Enclosure
  • 7. NELSON™ ROOF AND GUTTER DEICER A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 7 February 2009 TYPE CLT Total Cable Requirements: The total cable length for deicing is determined by including all elements of the roof system that need protection. Use the following tables to determine the total length of cable required. Item Feet of cable/Ft. Item Comments Gutter 1' 1 Trace/6" gutter width Downspout 2' Unless downspout is on end of circuit, the cable is looped down and back Roof Valley 6' Per Valley Dormer 1' 1 ft. of cable/foot of dormer perimeter Cable Footage Required for Roof Overhangs (Feet of Cable per Foot of Roof) Eave Overhang Feet of Cable Loop Height Shingle Roof Metal Roof 12" 18" 1'-10" 2'-6" 24" 30" 2'-8" 3'-6" 36" 42" 3'-8" 4'-6" 48" 54" 4'-8" 5'-6" Performance and Rating Data: Catalog No. CLT5-JT CLT25-JT Voltage (VAC) 120 208 240 277 Power Output in Ice (W/ft.) 9.2 8.1 9.2 10.2 Maximum Segment Length (ft.) 141 370 377 381 Minimum Installation Temp (°F) -35°F -35°F -35°F -35°F Current Load (amp/foot): At 20°F Start-up .125 .055 .063 .071 At 0°F Start-up .140 .062 .070 .078 At -20°F Start-up .156 .069 .078 .087 At -40°F Start-up .171 .076 .086 .095 Note: Amp/Foot values include 20% breaker derating per National Electrical Code. Circuit Breaker Selection: Start-Up Temp. Maximum Length (feet) Vs Circuit Breaker Size CLT5-JT @ 120VAC CLT25-JT @ 240VAC 15A 20A 30A 15A 20A 30A 40A 20F 120 160 240 240 320 480 640 0F 107 142 214 214 286 429 571 -20F 96 128 192 194 258 387 516 -40°F 88 117 175 174 232 348 464 Notes: 1. Maximum segment length is the maximum continuous heater run with minimal voltage drop. For breaker loading, multiple heater segments can be installed in parallel providing no individual length is longer than the maximum published segment length. For voltages other than 240VAC, divide full breaker amperage rating by amps/foot @ start-up temperature to determine maximum total footage allowed. 2. Circuit breakers are sized per Article 426-4 of the 1999 National Electrical Code. 3. Article 426-28 of the National Electrical Code requires ground-fault equipment protection for fixed outdoor electrical deicing equipment. Electrical connections should be made by a licensed electrician.
  • 8. NELSON™ ROOF AND GUTTER DEICER A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 8 February 2009 TYPE CLT Cable Clip (SLT-C) Heater Cable (shall not bulge or be visible) Gutter Detail Heater Cable Aluminum Tape (optional) Downspout Hanger Detail Hanger Wire Nail or other support End Seal Clamps Protective Tubing Heater Cable Downspout (SLT-D) (SLT-E) Conduit Drip Loop End of Circuit End Seal (should not be submerged nor be allowed to be at the bottom end of the downspout) Downspout Installation Junction Box (not included in kit) Cable Connector (SLT-LPS) Components and Accessories: Catalog No. Units Description SLT-LPS Ea. Power Connection Kit with Cable Seals SLT-RC 25 Ea. Roof Clips SLT-C 25 Ea. Roof Clips (Universal) SLT-D 5 Ea. Downspout Hangers SLT-S 5 Ea. Splice Kit – Heat Shrink SLT-E 5 Ea. End Termination Cable Seals – Heat Shrink AT-50 Ea. Aluminum Foil Tape, 50 Yards/Roll TF4X40 Ea. Thermostat, 40°F Fixed Setpoint, NEMA 4X Enclosure TA4X140 Ea. Ambient Thermostat, 15-140°F, NEMA 4X Enclosure
  • 9. NELSON™ SELF-REGULATING HEATERS A P P L I C A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N 315-SA-040 9 February 2009 TYPE CLT APPROVALS CSA UL Ordinary Locations Ordinary Locations C US Nelson Heat Tracing Systems products are supplied with a limited warranty. Complete Terms and Conditions may be found on Nelson's website at www.nelsonheaters.com.
  • 10. P.O. Box 726 • Tulsa, OK 74101 • 918-627-5530 • Fax: 918-641-7336 • www.nelsonheaters.com 315-SA-040 © 2015 Nelson Heat Tracing Systems May 2015