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Ngo presentation

info regarding NGOS

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Ngo presentation

  1. 1. THE ROLE OF WHO,UNICEF,UNFPA AND OTHER DEVELOPMENTAL AGENCIES IN PUBLIC HEALTH Presented by Dr IQRA DAUD AWAN
  2. 2. What is NGO? Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are legally constituted corporations created by natural or legal people that operate independently from any form of government. The term originated from the United Nations, and normally refers to organizations that are not a part of a government and are not conventional for-profit businesses.
  3. 3. HISTORY International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least 1839. However, the phrase "non-governmental organization" only came into popular use with the establishment of the United Nations Organization in 1945. The definition of "international NGO" (INGO) is first given in resolution on February 27, 1950: it is defined as "any international organization that is not founded by an international treaty. Rapid development of the non-governmental sector occurred in western countries as a result of the processes of restructuring of the welfare state. Further globalization of that process occurred after the fall of the communist system. Globalization during the 20th century gave rise to the importance of NGOs. Many problems could not be solved within a nation. International treaties and international organizations such as the World Trade Organization were centered mainly on the interests of capitalist enterprises. In an attempt to counterbalance this trend, NGOs have developed to emphasize humanitarian issues, developmental aid and sustainable development
  4. 4. TYPES OF NGO’s  NGO types can be understood by their orientation and level of operation.  Development, Environmental & human right s.  Operational and campaigning/Advocacy (world bank)
  5. 5. level of orientation :  Charitable orientation effort with little participation by the "beneficiaries". It includes NGOs with activities directed toward meeting the needs of the poor.  Service orientation includes NGOs with activities such as the provision of health, family planning or education services in which the programme is designed by the NGO and people are expected to participate in its implementation and in receiving the service.  Participatory orientation is characterized by self-help projects where local people are involved particularly in the implementation of a project by contributing cash, tools, land, materials, labour etc.  Empowering orientation aims to help poor people develop a clearer understanding of the social, political and economic factors affecting their lives, and to strengthen their awareness of their own potential power to control their lives. There is maximum involvement of the beneficiaries with NGOs acting as facilitators.
  6. 6. level of operation  Community-based organizations (CBOs) ,They can be responsible for raising the consciousness of the urban poor, helping them to understand their rights in accessing needed services, and providing such services.  City-wide organizations include organizations such as chambers of commerce and industry, ethnic or educational groups, and associations of community organizations.  National NGOs include national organizations such as the Red Cross, etc. Some have state and city branches and assist local NGOs.  International NGOs range from secular agencies such as Save the Children organizations and Rockefeller Foundation to religiously motivated groups. They can be responsible for funding local NGOs, institutions and projects and implementing projects
  7. 7. 1)DEVELOPMENT Development NGOs are the most highly visible sector, and includes both international and local organizations, as well as those working in humanitarian emergency sector. Many are associated with international aid and voluntary donation, but there are also NGOs that choose not to take funds from donors and try to generate funding in other ways, such as selling handicrafts or charging for services.e.g.
  8. 8. 2)ENVIRONMENTAL These non-governmental organizations are involved in environmental management, lobbying, advocacy, and/or conservation efforts e.g. MinhajWelfare Foundation
  9. 9. 3)HUMAN RIGHTS  The Human Rights Organization Of Pakistan (HROOP) is an independent, non-profit organization, founded in 2009. HROOP believes human rights are not being adequately protected, it will say so clearly and strongly, and will actively seek change in the law, policy or practice concerned  Asian Human Rights Development Organization It is credited to be the first human rights organization registered with the federal government for nation wide operations. The Organization is working in Pakistan since 1999.
  10. 10. a) OPERATIONAL Operational NGOs seek to "achieve small-scale change directly through projects."They mobilize financial resources, materials and volunteers to create localized programs in the field. They hold large-scale fundraising events, apply to governments and organizations for grants and contracts in order to raise money for project. Operational NGOs deal with a wide range of , but are most often associated with the delivery of services and welfare, emergency relief and environmental issues.
  11. 11. b)CAMPAIGN/ADVOCACY Campaigning NGOs seek to "achieve large-scale change promoted indirectly through influence of the political system.“It need an efficient and effective group of professional members who are able to keep supporters informed, and motivated. They must maintain a large informed network of supporters who can be mobilized for events to garner media attention and influence policy changes through holding demonstrations. These often deal with issues relating to human rights, women's rights, children's rights. The primary purpose of an Advocacy NGO is to defend or promote a specific cause.
  12. 12. UN PROGRAMMES ,FUNDS AND specialized agencies The United Nation’s system is comprised of the UN itself and more than 30 affiliated organizations known as programs, funds, and specialized agencies with their own membership, leadership, and budget processes. These groups work with and through the UN to promote worldwide peace and prosperity.
  13. 13. UN PROGRAMMES & FUNDS UN programs and funds ar e financed through voluntary cont r ibut ions rather than assessed cont r ibut ions
  14. 14. United Nations Development Program (UNDP) On the ground in 166 countries, UNDP is the UN’s global development network, focusing on the challenges of democratic governance, poverty reduction, crisis prevention and recovery, energy and environment, and HIV/AIDS. UNDP also coordinates national and international efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals aimed at poverty reduction. Recently UNDP helped Liberia prepare for national elections that put Africa’s first woman president, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, in office. It has helped Thailand build solar-power water pumping stations. And it has helped earthquake damaged regions of Pakistan with long-term development planning. UNDP also publishes the annual Human Development Report.
  15. 15. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, UNHCR protects refugees worldwide and facilitates their return home or resettlement. UNHCR is working on the ground in over 116 countries, helping 20.8 million persons in areas including Lebanon, Darfur, southern Sudan, Afghanistan, and Iraq.
  16. 16. United Nations Drug Control Program (UNDCP) UNDCP helps Member States fight drugs, crime, and terrorism. Aside from providing laboratory services, this Program helps to improve cross-border cooperation.
  17. 17. World Food Program (WFP) WFP, which aims to eradicate hunger and malnutrition, is the world’s largest humanitarian agency. Every year, the program feeds almost 100 million people in over 80 nations. WFP has delivered aid to Darfur, to Pakistan in the aftermath of the 2005 earthquake, and to southern Asia following the tsunami
  18. 18. United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) UNEP coordinates the United Nations’ environmental activities. It develops international environmental conventions, assesses global environmental trends, encourages new civil sector partnerships, and strengthens institutions so they might better protect the environment.
  19. 19. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) UNICEF provides long-term humanitarian and development assistance to children and mothers. Recent UNICEF initiatives have included polio immunization for 5.5 million children in Angola, helping girls enroll and stay in school in 34 African countries.
  20. 20. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) UNFPA works on the ground in 140 nations to “ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect
  21. 21. The creation of UN Women came about as part of the UN reform agenda, bringing together resources and mandates for greater impact. It merges and builds on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system, which focused exclusively on gender equality and women’s empowerment.
  22. 22. UN SPECIALIZED AGENCIES The United Nations’ specialized agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and funded by both voluntary and assessed contributions. These agencies includes:
  23. 23. World Bank The World Bank focuses on poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards worldwide by providing low-interest loans, interest-free credit, and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, and communications, among other things. The World Bank works in over 100 countries.
  24. 24. International Monetary Fund (IMF) The IMF fosters economic growth and employment by providing temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance of payments adjustment and technical assistance. The IMF currently has $28 billion in outstanding loans to 74 nations
  25. 25. World Health Organization (WHO) WHO is responsible for global vaccination campaigns, responding to public health emergencies, defending against pandemic influenza, and leading the way for eradication campaigns against life-threatening diseases like polio and malaria. Last year WHO eliminated avian flu in Vietnam, removed two countries from the list of polio-endemic nations, and provided humanitarian assistance in Lebanon and Darfur.
  26. 26. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) UNESCO focuses on everything from teacher training to helping improve education worldwide to protecting important historical and cultural sites around the world. UNESCO added 28 new World Heritage Sites this year to the list of irreplaceable treasures that will be protected for today's travelers and future generations.
  27. 27. International Labor Organization (ILO) ILO promotes international labor rights by formulating international standards on the freedom to associate, collective bargaining, the abolition of forced labor, and equality of opportunity and treatment.
  28. 28. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) FAO leads international efforts to fight hunger. It is both a forum for negotiating agreements between developing and developed countries and a source of technical knowledge and information to aid development.
  29. 29.  IMO has created a comprehensive shipping regulatory framework, addressing safety and environmental concerns, legal matters, technical cooperation, security, and efficiency.
  30. 30. World Meteorological Organization (WMO)  WMO facilitates the free international exchange of meteorological data and information and the furtherance of its use in aviation, shipping, security, and agriculture, among other things
  31. 31. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) WIPO protects intellectual property throughout the world through 23 international treaties.
  32. 32. International Civilian Aviation Organization (ICAO) ICAO sets international rules on air navigation, the investigation of air accidents, and aerial border-crossing procedures
  33. 33. THANK YOU

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