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GPON Basics, Simply More Sustainable

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IP UtiliNET
David Quinn
Managing Director
sales@iputilinet.com


Aduro, The Photon
March 2012




                       Y...

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*   Aduro is a photon of light. He is a marathon runner that travels
    long distances in Single Mode Fiber and has a glo...

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Impervious to Solar Radiation
Aduro is a marathoner and prefers                       and EMP                             ...

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GPON Basics, Simply More Sustainable

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This is the 6th grade version of GPON for non-technologists. This document provides a basic comparison of traditional switched copper based network technology to the GPON all fiber multiservice technology. There is something here for everyone.

This is the 6th grade version of GPON for non-technologists. This document provides a basic comparison of traditional switched copper based network technology to the GPON all fiber multiservice technology. There is something here for everyone.

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GPON Basics, Simply More Sustainable

  1. 1. IP UtiliNET David Quinn Managing Director sales@iputilinet.com Aduro, The Photon March 2012 You cannot expect to win in today’s environment using yesterdays technology IP UtiliNET 2011
  2. 2. * Aduro is a photon of light. He is a marathon runner that travels long distances in Single Mode Fiber and has a glowing personality. He zips along with his brothers who travel back and forth at the speed of light. * Aduro travels in MultiMode Fiber too. Aduro has to let his cousin Eddie run in traditional Copper Cable. The Multimode Fiber is connected to switches that give Aduro motion sickness and bruises from toll plazas every 1200 feet. Eddie is hardened because he is slower and can only go 300 feet before encountering another switch. * Aduro likes to race his cousin, Eddie the Electron. Eddie is aging today and quite a lot thicker around the middle. He never beats Aduro and can only run short distances without paying a toll. * Aduro likes to travel fast and deliver all of the same information that he started with. He prefers to travel in Single Mode Fiber cables. He travels 20KM or end to end in 1/15000 of a second. He bounces less and travels without friction which keeps him from burning out over that long trip. 2 7/22/2012
  3. 3. Impervious to Solar Radiation Aduro is a marathoner and prefers and EMP 12.4 Miles Single Mode Fiber because he can Single Mode Fiber travel 12.4 miles without stopping. When he runs in Multimode Fiber he Network Switch often has to stop every 300 feet, just like his cousin Eddie the Electron. 1200 Feet His cousin Eddie the Electron can only run in copper cable. When he Destroyed by Solar Radiation 300 Feet does, he runs from switch to switch and EMP 300 feet at a time, gets a boost and 300 Feet moves to the next switch. 300 Feet Multimode fiber and copper cable are more brittle than Single Mode fiber cable. They are part of the mature cable plants that are It takes 218 traditional copper network switches to installed today. equal the distance limitation of an individual Single Mode Fiber Cable 3 7/22/2012 “Eddie the Electron”, by; Melissa B. Rooney
  4. 4. Single Mode Fiber Networks Traditional Structured Cabling Networks 12.4 1200 Feet Mile 300 Feet Radius 300 Feet Network Distribution 300 Feet Switch 360,000 square feet of coverage , before adding additional core network 483.05 square MILES of indoor /outdoor or WAN services – Distribution switches coverage ,before adding additional core only – does not show core switch or WAN Services Traditional copper and Multimode networks that we use today were designed 25 years ago and are approaching their natural end of life. Connectivity demands from mobile, voice, video, and sensors across the campus are shortening life cycles for cable and switch which means that total spending is increasing exponentially. These cable plants are mature and not capable of providing the cost reductions, services, and areas of coverage that single mode in-plant can provide. 4 7/22/2012
  5. 5. Traditional Single Mode Fiber Structured Cabling Networks Networks 1200 Feet 12.4 300 Feet Miles 300 Feet Network Switch 300 Feet A comparative single mode fiber cable plant Using switches with 128 ports each, installed offers the ability to “grid” core chassis. Using a every 300 feet, we arrive at 218 switches to maximum value of 50 chassis which is limited by compare to a single strand of Single Mode the management workstation, the maximum Fiber. This maximum configuration allows for configuration allows for service ports to service ports to 27,686 data and voice 358,400 data, voice, video, sensors, security, users. A/V and other services. Traditional copper and Multimode networks that we use today were designed for data. Complimentary and overlapping cable plants that consist of coax for video, twisted pair for legacy telephone systems and either type for sensors have been installed and add to the fire and toxic hazard inside campus facilities today. 5 7/22/2012
  6. 6. Traditional Single Mode Fiber Structured Cabling Networks Networks 1200 Feet 12.4 300 Feet Miles 300 Feet Network Switch 300 Feet A comparative single mode fiber network chassis Using 128 port switches operating at 1 provides 25,000 GigaBits and services 7168 service GigaBit per port, the total throughput in ports. Using the maximum capacity model from the 12.4 miles is 27 TERAbits prior slide, 25 switches offers 1,250 TERAbits of throughput. Traditional copper and Multimode networks that we use today were designed for data. We are stuffing them with more demands and that causes switch and cable migrations to occur more frequently. The Traditional Structured Cabling Networks model requires power hungry switches that offer managed or unmanaged 1GigaBit / GIGe or less capacity per port. By contrast, each of the Single Mode controller ports is manageable at the bit and port level. This improves security and management capability beyond what is available in the traditional network environments that are in place today. 6 7/22/2012
  7. 7. The very latest in “Mission Critical Networking” Closets – Expensive and With Single Mode Fiber, you can use totally unnecessary your closets …… as closets We looked at a 12 story hospital – 31 telco closets in 1 building. Imagine how many you will find in an area of 483 square miles? In 2011 Energy Star is migrating telco closets away from data center space and forcing property owners to account for them as office space that is operational 24/7. This will lower your score, perhaps below your tenant contract. Are you prepared for that? This one is Simple: Use your closets as closets. Get your space back. 7 7/22/2012
  8. 8. Traditional Structured Cabling Single Mode Fiber Networks Networks 1200 Feet 1200 Feet 300 Feet 300 Feet 12.4 Miles 300 Feet 300 Feet 300 Feet Network 300 Feet Switch A comparative single mode fiber network switch provides services to ports as far away as 20KM. It Core Switch can be set up in a grid and does not require an air conditioned room. The Single Mode Fiber Traditional networks are limited to 4 repeaters. Plant is PASSIVE meaning that it consumes; This means that every 5th power hungry switch seeks additional core services or WAN  NO POWER connections. A core switch and many of the  NO COOLING repeater switches require an Air Conditioned  NO MAINTENANCE FEES. Room. Traditional copper and Multimode networks that we use today were designed for data. We are stuffing them with more demands and that causes switch and cable migrations to occur more frequently. As service demands continue to increase, more core and distributed services are needed. We see this in the increasing pace of migrations for traditional switch and8cable networks. 7/22/2012
  9. 9. The business case below compares the legacy cable plant to the emerging Passive Optical LAN or Single Mode Fiber plants. A single Passive Optical LAN cable can run up to 20 KM without switches, repeaters, or additional core technologies. 20 KM is equal to 12.4 miles or 65,472 feet. This differs from CATx which is limited to 300 feet and then a switch connection. Switches with 128 ports have been selected as each PON cable can support up to 128 port connections. Element Traditional Emerging Comment Switches 218.24 0 17.6x12.4=218.24 Cost EA ($14,732.20 EA) 0 MOT RFS7000 128 $3,215,155.33 port switch Hardware Service $170,764.30 0 Using $687.90 per Cost PER YEAR year Software Service $ 290,796.30 0 Using $550.00 per Cost PER YEAR year Combined Services $290,796.30 0 Does not account PER YEAR for 2-3 year 9 average 7/22/2012 migrations
  10. 10. Element Traditional Emerging Comment Switches (3,215,155.33) 0 Initial Investment 3 Year Technology $12,860,620 0 Does not account upgrades for inflation Services $ 4,071,148 0 Yearly Service Renewals 15 YEAR TCO Includes Year 1-3 $20,437,719 0 purchases Internal Support $ 6,750,000 0 150K burdened Team – 3 cost per FTE The business case above compares the legacy cable plant to the emerging Passive Optical LAN or Single Mode Fiber plants. The Cable Plant is expected to have a lifetime of 25 years, but we use 15 years because the lasers and cards in the chassis will most likely need to undergo an upgrade at around 15 years. It is important to note that the emerging PON cable plant and connected elements are likely to stay in place through an entire 25 year or more lifespan. This comparison is specific to data and voice services, not video using COAX, not sensors connected via twisted pair, not DAS systems which use single mode in most cases. PON offers the capability to include 10 7/22/2012 all of these additional services, manage bit level traffic, and manage individual port security
  11. 11. Element CAT 6 Single Mode Fiber Comment Weight 39 lbs / 1K feet 4 lbs / 1K feet 1 Mile = 5280 feet Weight PER MILE 2,059 LBS / Mile 211.20 LBS / MILE 52.8 1K Segments per mile Total Weight 25,534.08 LBS 2,618.88 LBS 1 Ton = 2000 lbs Total Weight 12.76 TONS 1.309 Tons Includes Year 1-3 purchases Lifetime Weight 63.8 TONS NO TEAROUT Assume 5x in a 25 year period We advocate the addition of services that mean something to constituents, not wasteful expenditures, especially when they are repetitive. Globally, mankind is struggling with ongoing decreases in precious metals availability, cost spikes, and increased transportation costs. The reality of structured cabling is that it has approached its maturity point. It needs to sunset and enjoy what it has given us while the emerging single mode fiber takes on more responsibility. 11 7/22/2012
  12. 12. Element CAT 6 Single Mode Fiber Comment Precious Metals YES NO Do you return scrap value? Cooling YES / Managed NO Elimination of Requirements Switch Cooling requirements Tensile Strength 25 lbf 48 lbf SM is 2X Stronger BTU / HR 1,340,342 0 Passive middle btu/hr Carrying Bit Rate 10/100/GIG E Up to 69 Pon is burstable at Terabits GIG E Lets face it, Buggy Whips are no longer needed because people do use horse and buggy any longer. 25 years or so ago, we began the process of replacing the cables that connected VTxx in shop floor and office environments as the ETHERNET came into being. That technology has served data connection needs quite well. As with any technology, emerging technology will come along to replace it at some point. Structured Cabling networks, as we know them today will yield to Single Mode Fiber and allow the owners to take on net new services faster, more securely, and with more management capabilities than previously possible. 12 7/22/2012
  13. 13. Structured Cabling = $118,320.00 Single Mode Fiber - $11,748.90 5 year lifetime 25 year lifetime [25y @pv=$591,600.00] [ 25y @pv=11,735 ] Copper Cable Core and Distribution HCC to Splitter 3236 feet “The CAT 6A was about 220,000 ft, which is a skewed number as each Splitter to NST drop by specifications has to have 75,000 feet 50’ of service loops (25’ on both ends).The coax was estimated at Feet of Single Mode Fiber 12,000 ft.” Experienced Estimator RET Cost: .15c/ft wholesale $ 112,200.00 - Just for Data/Voice $ 11,748.90 Fiber Plant Cabling ( .51c/ft wholesale ) 600000 $ 6,120.00 - 12,000 Feet of Coax 400000 Initial ( .51c/ft wholesale ) 200000 25 Year RG59 Siamese Solid Coaxial Cable + 18/2 (18AWG 130 7/22/2012 2C) Power, White, 1000 ft, Spool Copper Fiber Simply More Sustainable
  14. 14. “There is not an elected official or budgetary decision maker that can justifiably ignore the numbers that are on this chart” REDUCTIONS BY SERVICE CAN IT REDUCE TODAY AND FUTURE COST? - YES WILL IT ALLOW ME TO CONSOLIDATE OTHER SERVICES ? - YES 14 7/22/2012
  15. 15. *Freedom  The Power to Choose Among the most important rights that we possess as Americans is the right to CHOOSE when, where, and how an action is taken. For generations, “we, the people” have taken on initiatives that have continued to redefine and shape a future that enhances competitiveness and leadership on the worldwide stage. The time is now to light up an uncertain future. Take a leadership position that results in new abilities to reduce overall costs without sacrificing security and services . The time is now to start planning and take the action steps that are required for these next generation networks. CHOOSE to move forward with Operational Services Networks versus costly, power-hungry, overlapping, constrained, and fragmented networks that were originally designed for data. 15 7/22/2012
  16. 16. *Freedom  The Power to Protect As Americans, we rely upon our Judicial, Legislative, and Enforcement branches to keep our way of life as safe as possible. Terrorists have attacked us in our homeland and our fragmented communications systems failed. Thousands died as a result. Single Mode Fiber plants survive power outages, offering internal battery back-up to critical emergency loads such as IP Phones, Video Cameras, and Wireless access points that can be used to augment public safety visual and communication capabilities. Had a single mode fiber network been in place when the World Trade Centers were attacked, public safety might have been able to assess which Now Available: emergency exits were available using battery backed surveillance cameras, and potentially saved hundreds who chose to jump instead of burning to death. This is the power of non- fragmented single mode networks. The time is now to gain new levels of public safety capability. First Responders, can light up an uncertain future by carrying the lamp that leads to new abilities to choose how to best respond to a public safety incident. 16 7/22/2012
  17. 17.  The Power to Serve American history and leadership is based on innovation, creativity, and the courage to lead. *Freedom People are demanding more from elected officials who in some cases are giving back political posturing, not true leadership. Leadership is the courage to create a vision and follow it through. Fiber Optics, not copper is the way of the future and the US is falling behind many emerging countries. All Property, All IP Single Mode fiber “utility” plants are the way of the future. The ability to choose when and how to apply fixed, mobile, and security services that are meaningful, cost effective, and environmentally responsible can only lead to a better future for your constituents and the future leaders of our country. Stop wasting money on network adaptations that only result in more long term costs and more environmental risks. Start choosing to implement services without having to stop and adapt or replace parts of your networked systems. A Declaration of Light, “I hereby choose to move beyond the financial and The time is now to make lasting changes that technological constraints that networks, originally are fiscally responsible, conservation minded, designed for data, have placed upon my budget and and morally imperative to the future and the deliver at reduced cost, the services that my continuation of our way of life. constituents are demanding” 17 7/22/2012
  18. 18. *“See your LAN in a whole new light” FREE Next Generation Network Consultation IP UtiliNET, 1-877-901-6947 (MYIP) 18 7/22/2012

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