1 buckley-the health of older workers 29-may12

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1 buckley-the health of older workers 29-may12

  1. 1. The Health of Older Workers – Implications for Future Labour Participation11th Global Conference of the International Federation of Aging 28 May to 1st June, 2012 Dr Jennifer Buckley Dr Lisel O’Dwyer Professor Graeme Hugo University of Adelaide, Australian Population and Migration Research Centre
  2. 2. Overview• Rationale for the study• Project overview• Methods• Baby boomers’ labour participation in context• Health and workforce attachment• Workplace environments• Implications for Policy and Research
  3. 3. Population Ageing in AustraliaProjected Population Aged Under 15 Projected Population Aged 65 Years Years, Australia, 2002-2101 and Over, Australia, 2002-2101Source: ABS, Catalogue No. 3222.0, 2003, p85
  4. 4. Rationale for the Study• Fewer new entrants to labour market• Increase and extend labour participation in older age groups• Health – underpins labour market capacity• Health research – disease/disability/burden on health system• Work-related research – skills training and workplace management• Need for more research on the health/work
  5. 5. Project Overview• ‘Australia’s Baby Boomer Generation: Obesity and Work – Patterns, Causes and Implications’• Key objective – explore interactions between health and work• Aim – provide a health perspective for work-related policies on older workers• Baby boomers – A distinct policy group – Amplify the effects of population ageing – Significant impact as they exit the workforce• Today’s presentation – preliminary exploration of data
  6. 6. MethodsLabour Participation Data - Census data 1981 and 2006; ABS Labour Force SurveysHealth & Work Data - North West Adelaide Health Study (NWAHS) (n=4060)
  7. 7. Geographical Context
  8. 8. Data and Study PopulationLabour Participation Data - Census data 1981 and 2006; ABS Labour Force SurveysHealth & Work Data - North West Adelaide Health Study (NWAHS) (n=4060)Sample - Baby Boomers born 1946-1965 drawn from the NWAHSNWAHS Data - Stage 1, 1999-2002; Stage 2, 2004-06; Stage 3, 2010 Stage 2, 2004-06 (n=1195) Baby Boomer Work Project, 2011 (BBs n=874; Gen X n=768)Analyses• By all baby boomers• By gender• By older (1946-55) and younger (1956-65) baby boomersData• Chronic conditions – clinic and self report• Social data and self-rated health - Self reported
  9. 9. Trends in Participation of Older Workers Age Groups: 55-59; 60-64; 65+ 100 90 80 70 Percentage % 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 May-70 Jun-99 Jan-06 Jul-10 May-70 Jun-99 Jan-06 Jul-10 Males Females 55-59 60-64 65+Source: ABS Labour Force Surveys
  10. 10. Employment Status 45-54 Year Olds in 1981 and 2006 100 90 80 70 Percentage % 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Pre-war Baby Pre-war Baby Pre-war Baby Cohort Boomers Cohort Boomers Cohort Boomers Persons Males Females Employed Unemployed/NILFSource: ABS Census, 1981; 2006b
  11. 11. Employment Status Baby Boomers 1946-1965 Full time Part time Retired Casual Home Duties Unable to work Unemployed Volunteering 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Percentage %Source: NWAHS TFU Survey 2 (CATI), 2007
  12. 12. Factors Influencing Labour Participation in Older Workers• Age discrimination• Lack of access to re-training• Personal commitments• Financial security• Desire for more leisure• Low education levels
  13. 13. Education by Age Cohort and Gender in Baby Boomers 1946-55 and 1956-65 Left school at 15 years 25 20.2% 20 Percentage % 13.7% 15 10 8.8 % 5.4% 5 0 1946-55 1956-65 1946-55 1956-65 Males FemalesSource: NWAHS Stage 2, 2004-06
  14. 14. Employment Status Females by Age Cohort and Education Level – NWAHS Baby Boomers 1946-55 and 1956-65 70 60 50 Percentage % 40 30 20 10 0 1946-55 1956-65 1946-55 1956-65 1946-55 1956-65 Secondary Certificate/Diploma Tertiary Full-time Part-time/casual Home DutiesNote: Retired, unemployed and ‘other’ categories excluded.Source: NWAHS Stage 2, 2004-06
  15. 15. Employment Status Females by Education Level – Census Baby Boomers - 1946-55 and 1956-65 60 50 40Percentage % 30 20 10 0 1946-55 1956-65 1946-55 1956-65 1946-55 1956-65 Secondary Certificate/Diploma Tertiary Full-time Part-time/casual Home Duties Source: ABS 2006 Census (Australia) (ABS 2006c)
  16. 16. Employment by Self-Rated Health Baby Boomers 1946-1965 Full-time: 56.3% ** Part-time: 16.6% Home Duties: 5.3% Casual: 7.3% Unemployed: 2.6% Retired: 7.5% * Unable to work: 4.1% ** 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Good-Excellent SR Health Poor-Fair SR Health*p<.05; **p<.001Source: NWAHS TFU Survey 2 (CATI), 2007
  17. 17. Labour Participation and Self-Rated Health by Age Cohort Baby Boomers - 1946-55 and 1956-65 100 90 80 70 Percen tage % 60 50 ** 40 30 20 ** 10 0 In labour force Not in labour In labour force Not in labour force force 1946 1956 Good-Excellent SR Health Fair-Poor SR Health1In the labour force=f/time, p/time, casual, unemployed; 2 Not in the labour force=retired, home duties, unable to work**p<.001Source: NWAHS TFU Survey 2 (CATI), 2007
  18. 18. Percentage of Each Employment Category with Selected Chronic Conditions Baby Boomers 1946-64 45 40 35 30 Percentage % 25 20 15 10 5 0 % of sample Full-time Casual Un- Retired Unable to with CC employed work Arthritis Depression COPD Diabetes CardioSource: NWAHS Stage 2, 2004-06; NWAHS TFU Survey 2 (CATI), 2007
  19. 19. Odds Ratios for Reporting Not In the Labour Force by Chronic Condition and Age Cohort Baby Boomers - 1946-55 and 1956-65 45 40 * 35 2.1 30 Percentage % 25 20 * 15 2.4 ** * 5.4 * 10 2.2 * 3.3 5 2.6 0 ILF NILF ILF NILF 1946-55 1956-65 Arthritis Depress Diabetes COPD*p<.05;Source: NWAHS TFU Survey 2 (CATI), 2007
  20. 20. Odds Ratios for Reporting Not in the Labour Force by Chronic Condition and Gender Baby Boomers 1946-1965 40 35 ** 30 3.1 * 2.0 Percentage % 25 20 * 2.8 14.4% 15 * ** 10 8.8% 3.7 4.4 * * 5 2.8 2.7 0 ILF NILF ILF NILF Males Females Arthritis Depress Diabetes COPD*p<.05; **p<.001Source: NWAHS TFU Survey 2 (CATI), 2007
  21. 21. Variable Work Conditions &Self-Rated Health Baby Boomers 1946-1965 90 80 ** 70 3.1 * 60 2.0 Percentage % 50 * 2.8 40 * * 30 ** 3.7 4.4 20 * * 2.8 2.7 10 0 No Variability Partial Variability High Variability Good-Excellent SRH Poor-Fair SRH*p<.05;Source: NWAHS TFU Survey 2 (CATI), 2007
  22. 22. Self-Rated Health and Job Strain Baby Boomers - 1946-1965 90 80 70 60 Percentage % 50 40 ** 30 20 10 0 Low Strain Active Job Passive Job High Strain Good-Ex SRH Poor-Fair SRH**p<.001Source: NWAHS Work Data (CATI), 2011
  23. 23. Job Satisfaction and Self-Rated Health Baby Boomers 1946-1965 90 * 80 70 60 Percentage % 50 40 * 30 20 10 0 Dissatisfied/Very Dissatisfied Not Sure Satisfied/Very Satisfied Good-Ex SRH Poor-Fair SRH*p<.05;Source: NWAHS Work Data (CATI), 2011
  24. 24. Flexibility and Job Satisfaction Baby Boomers - 1946-1965 100 90 80 70 Percentage % 60 50 40 30 20 10 * 0 High Flexibility Partial Flexibility No flexibility Satisfied Not sure Dissatisfied**p<.05Source: NWAHS Work Data (CATI), 2011
  25. 25. Variability and Job Satisfaction Baby Boomers - 1946-1965 90 80 70 60 Percentage % 50 40 30 20 ^ 10 0 No Variability Partial Variability High Variability Satisfied Not sure Dissatisfied^ p=<.1Source: NWAHS Work Data (CATI), 2011
  26. 26. Satisfaction with Work-Life Balance by Self-Rated Health Baby Boomers - 1946-1965 100 ** 90 80 70 Percentage % 60 ** 50 ** 40 30 20 10 0 Very Dissatisfied Dissatisfied Neutral Satisfied Very Satisfied Good-Excellent SRH Poor-Fair SRH*p<.001;Source: NWAHS Work Data (CATI), 2011
  27. 27. Co-worker Support in the Workplace – ‘People I work with are helpful in getting the job done’ Baby Boomers 1946-1965 90 ** 80 70 60 Percentage % 50 40 30 20 10 0 Disagree/Strongly Disagree Agree/Strongly Agree Good-Ex SRH Poor-Fair SRH*p<.001;Source: NWAHS Work Data (CATI), 2011
  28. 28. Workplace Support for Healthy Behaviours by Self Rated Health Baby Boomers - 1946-1965 90 80 70 60 Percentage % 50 40 30 20 10 0 A lot Some Not at all Good-Ex SRH Poor-Fair SRHSource: NWAHS Work Data (CATI), 2011
  29. 29. Future Research• Interface between depression and employment status• Workforce exit decisions of older workers with chronic conditions• Workplace Interventions to facilitate better health
  30. 30. Implications for Policy• Impact of poor health on workforce exits – 44% of older boomers with poor SRH NILF = 9.9% of this sub-cohort – 18.2% of younger boomers with poor/fair SRH NILF = 3.4% of this sub-cohort• Primary and secondary prevention strategies• Workplace policies and culture• Labour market conditions
  31. 31. Contact Details and AcknowledgmentsAcknowledgementsThis project was funded by an Australian CouncilResearch Linkage GrantContact DetailsJennifer BuckleyEmail: jennifer.buckley@adelaide.edu.au
  32. 32. • Australia’s GDP per capita in 2009 was around $924.84 billion

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