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28th Sunday B

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Dear sisters and brothers,

To follow Christ, wean yourselves from comforts. Prepare to be deprived...

Fr. Cielo

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28th Sunday B

  1. 1. WelcomWelcomee to oto ouur Bibler Bible SStudytudy 28th Sunday in the Ordinary Time B 11 October 2015 In preparation for this Sunday’s liturgy As aid in focusing our homilies and sharing Prepared by Fr. Cielo R. Almazan, OFM
  2. 2. 11stst reading: Wisdom 7:7-11reading: Wisdom 7:7-11  7 I prayed, and7 I prayed, and prudenceprudence was given me; I pleaded andwas given me; I pleaded and thethe spirit of Wisdomspirit of Wisdom came to me. 8 I preferred her tocame to me. 8 I preferred her to scepter and throne, and deemed riches nothing inscepter and throne, and deemed riches nothing in comparison with her, 9 nor did I liken any priceless gemcomparison with her, 9 nor did I liken any priceless gem to her, because all gold, in view of her, is a little sand,to her, because all gold, in view of her, is a little sand, and before her, silver is to be accounted mire. 10and before her, silver is to be accounted mire. 10 Beyond health and comeliness I loved her, And I choseBeyond health and comeliness I loved her, And I chose to have her rather than the light, because the splendor ofto have her rather than the light, because the splendor of her never yields to sleep. 11 Yet all good things togetherher never yields to sleep. 11 Yet all good things together came to me in her company, and countless riches at hercame to me in her company, and countless riches at her hands.hands. The focus is on wisdom.
  3. 3. Textual Context ofTextual Context of Wisdom 2:12.17-20Wisdom 2:12.17-20 The Principal Divisions of the Book of WisdomThe Principal Divisions of the Book of Wisdom (NAB)(NAB)  I. Reward of Justice (1,1—6,21)  II. Praise of Wisdom by Solomon (6,22—11,1)II. Praise of Wisdom by Solomon (6,22—11,1)  III. Special Providence of God on God’s MercyIII. Special Providence of God on God’s Mercy (11,17—22,22) and on the folly and shame of(11,17—22,22) and on the folly and shame of idolatry (13,1—15,17)idolatry (13,1—15,17) Historical Context: The Book of Wisdom was written 100 years before Christ by a Jew in Alexandria, Egypt, in Greek in the style of Hebrew verse. Wisdom Books / Wisdom Literature Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Wisdom*, Ecclesiasticus* *Deuterocanonical
  4. 4. 11stst reading: Wisdom 7:7-11reading: Wisdom 7:7-11  7 I prayed, and7 I prayed, and prudenceprudence waswas given me; I pleaded and thegiven me; I pleaded and the spirit of Wisdomspirit of Wisdom came to me. 8came to me. 8 I preferred her to scepter andI preferred her to scepter and throne, And deemed richesthrone, And deemed riches nothing in comparison withnothing in comparison with her, 9 nor did I liken anyher, 9 nor did I liken any priceless gem to her; Becausepriceless gem to her; Because all gold, in view of her, is a littleall gold, in view of her, is a little sand, and before her, silver issand, and before her, silver is to be accounted mire. 10to be accounted mire. 10 Beyond health and comelinessBeyond health and comeliness I loved her, And I chose toI loved her, And I chose to have her rather than the light,have her rather than the light, because the splendor of herbecause the splendor of her never yields to sleep. 11 Yetnever yields to sleep. 11 Yet all good things together cameall good things together came to me in her company, andto me in her company, and countless riches at her hands.countless riches at her hands. CommentaryCommentary  The author prays forThe author prays for wisdomwisdom (prudence)(prudence) and it is granted to himand it is granted to him (v.7).(v.7).  The author prefers wisdomThe author prefers wisdom  To power and prestige (scepterTo power and prestige (scepter and throne) (v.8).and throne) (v.8).  To the light (that can beTo the light (that can be extinguished (v.10)extinguished (v.10)  Wisdom cannot be compared toWisdom cannot be compared to anything valuable to the world (vv.8-anything valuable to the world (vv.8- 9): riches, gem (precious stones),9): riches, gem (precious stones), gold, silver; even health andgold, silver; even health and comeliness (good looks) (v.10)comeliness (good looks) (v.10)  Yet, even as the author prefersYet, even as the author prefers wisdom, he does not lack anythingwisdom, he does not lack anything because “all good things and riches”because “all good things and riches” come as well along with wisdom.come as well along with wisdom.
  5. 5. Reflections on the 1Reflections on the 1stst readingreading  The message is similar to the gospel saying,The message is similar to the gospel saying, “Seek Ye“Seek Ye First the kingdomFirst the kingdom…” Here, it is “Seek Ye First the…” Here, it is “Seek Ye First the wisdomwisdom… and all these things will be given you.”… and all these things will be given you.”  In the text,In the text, wisdomwisdom is given in answer to a prayer andis given in answer to a prayer and pleading.pleading.  Wisdom is given as a gift to those who ask for it.Wisdom is given as a gift to those who ask for it.  Wisdom is far better than riches, power and prestigeWisdom is far better than riches, power and prestige (worldly values).(worldly values).  The text teaches believers to pray forThe text teaches believers to pray for wisdomwisdom. Once it is. Once it is given, all others will follow.given, all others will follow.  Do we pray forDo we pray for wisdomwisdom??
  6. 6. Responsorial Psalm:Responsorial Psalm: Ps 90:12-13, 14-15, 16-17Ps 90:12-13, 14-15, 16-17  R. (14)R. (14) Fill us with your love, O Lord, and we will sing for joy!Fill us with your love, O Lord, and we will sing for joy!  12 Teach us to number our days aright,12 Teach us to number our days aright, that we may gain wisdom of heart.that we may gain wisdom of heart. 13 Return, O LORD! How long?13 Return, O LORD! How long? Have pity on your servants!Have pity on your servants!  14 Fill us at daybreak with your kindness,14 Fill us at daybreak with your kindness, that we may shout for joy and gladness all our days.that we may shout for joy and gladness all our days. 15 Make us glad, for the days when you afflicted us,15 Make us glad, for the days when you afflicted us, for the years when we saw evil.for the years when we saw evil.  16 Let your work be seen by your servants16 Let your work be seen by your servants and your glory by their children;and your glory by their children; and may the gracious care of the LORD our God be ours;and may the gracious care of the LORD our God be ours; 17 prosper the work of our hands for us!17 prosper the work of our hands for us! Prosper the work of our hands!Prosper the work of our hands!
  7. 7. Responsorial Psalm:Responsorial Psalm: Ps 90:12-13, 14-15, 16-17Ps 90:12-13, 14-15, 16-17  R. (14)R. (14) Fill us with your love, O Lord,Fill us with your love, O Lord, and we will sing for joy!and we will sing for joy!  12 Teach us to number our days12 Teach us to number our days aright,aright, that we may gain wisdom of heart.that we may gain wisdom of heart. 13 Return, O LORD! How long?13 Return, O LORD! How long? Have pity on your servants!Have pity on your servants!  14 Fill us at daybreak with your14 Fill us at daybreak with your kindness,kindness, that we may shout for joy andthat we may shout for joy and gladness all our days.gladness all our days. 15 Make us glad, for the days when15 Make us glad, for the days when you afflicted us,you afflicted us, for the years when we saw evil.for the years when we saw evil.  16 Let your work be seen by your16 Let your work be seen by your servantsservants and your glory by their children;and your glory by their children; and may the gracious care of theand may the gracious care of the LORD our God be ours;LORD our God be ours; 17 prosper the work of our hands for17 prosper the work of our hands for us!us! Prosper the work of our hands!Prosper the work of our hands! CommentaryCommentary  The psalm is a wisdom psalm.The psalm is a wisdom psalm.  The response prays for love (wisdom).The response prays for love (wisdom).  In v.12, the psalmist prays that God makeIn v.12, the psalmist prays that God make us realize how short our life is.us realize how short our life is.  Temporariness of life can teach usTemporariness of life can teach us wisdom.wisdom.  V.13 indicates an absence of the Lord.V.13 indicates an absence of the Lord. Without God, we cannot attain wisdom.Without God, we cannot attain wisdom.  In v.14, the psalmist asks God to be kindIn v.14, the psalmist asks God to be kind to him.to him.  V.15 prays for joy, after undergoing allV.15 prays for joy, after undergoing all the sadness and afflictions.the sadness and afflictions.  In v.16, the psalmist asks God to openIn v.16, the psalmist asks God to open the eye of his people, to appreciate histhe eye of his people, to appreciate his work and glory.work and glory.  V.16b repeats the idea of v.14 (fill us withV.16b repeats the idea of v.14 (fill us with your kindness//graciousness).your kindness//graciousness).  In v.17, the psalmist prays that God mayIn v.17, the psalmist prays that God may give success to our endeavors.give success to our endeavors.
  8. 8. Reflections on the PsalmReflections on the Psalm  Like the psalmist, we should know what to pray for.  When we pray, we admit our dependence on God.  We should pray for wisdom.  We should pray for blessings and happiness.  The materialistic person will pray for more money and property.  What are you praying for?  Don’t make God provider of mammon.
  9. 9. 22ndnd reading: Heb 4:12-13reading: Heb 4:12-13  12 Indeed, the12 Indeed, the word of Godword of God is living andis living and effective, sharper than any two-edgedeffective, sharper than any two-edged sword, penetrating even between soul andsword, penetrating even between soul and spirit, joints and marrow, and able tospirit, joints and marrow, and able to discern reflections and thoughts of thediscern reflections and thoughts of the heart. 13 No creature is concealed fromheart. 13 No creature is concealed from him, but everything is naked and exposedhim, but everything is naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we mustto the eyes of him to whom we must render an account.render an account. The focus is on the word of God.
  10. 10. I. 1:5--2:18 The name superior to the angels (Eschatology) II. 3:1--5:10 Jesus faithful and compassionate (Ecclesiology) III. 5: 11--10:39 The central exposition (Sacrifice) IV. 11:1--12: 13 Faith and endurance (Ecclesiological paraenesis) V. 12: 14--13:19 The peaceful fruit of justice (Eschatology). Textual Context of Hebrews 4:12-13Textual Context of Hebrews 4:12-13 (Vanhoye)(Vanhoye)
  11. 11. 22ndnd reading: Heb 4:12-13reading: Heb 4:12-13  12 Indeed, the12 Indeed, the word ofword of GodGod is living andis living and effective, sharper thaneffective, sharper than any two-edged sword,any two-edged sword, penetrating evenpenetrating even between soul andbetween soul and spirit, joints andspirit, joints and marrow, and able tomarrow, and able to discern reflections anddiscern reflections and thoughts of the heart.thoughts of the heart. 13 No creature is13 No creature is concealed from him,concealed from him, but everything isbut everything is naked and exposed tonaked and exposed to the eyes of him tothe eyes of him to whom we must renderwhom we must render an account.an account. CommentaryCommentary  V.12 speaks of theV.12 speaks of the word of Godword of God asas living and effective, sharper…living and effective, sharper… penetrating… able to discernpenetrating… able to discern reflections and thoughts.reflections and thoughts.  It is contrasted to a two-edgedIt is contrasted to a two-edged sword. The word of God is sharper.sword. The word of God is sharper.  In v.13, the word of God is likeIn v.13, the word of God is like wisdom,wisdom, omniscientomniscient..  Everything is exposed to him.Everything is exposed to him.  Nothing is hidden from his sight.Nothing is hidden from his sight.  Here, the word of God (like Wisdom)Here, the word of God (like Wisdom) is personified, in masculine gender.is personified, in masculine gender.
  12. 12. Reflections on the 2nd reading  The text, though short, has rich ideas onThe text, though short, has rich ideas on the word of God.the word of God.  The word of God here refers to what hasThe word of God here refers to what has been preached by the apostles, or, by thebeen preached by the apostles, or, by the prophets.prophets.  We cannot fool around or play games withWe cannot fool around or play games with God, or, the Word of God.God, or, the Word of God.  The Word of God exposes the good andThe Word of God exposes the good and the bad that is in us (to change us).the bad that is in us (to change us).
  13. 13. Gospel reading: Mk10:17-30 or 10:17-27Gospel reading: Mk10:17-30 or 10:17-27  17 As Jesus was setting out on a journey, a man ran up, knelt down before17 As Jesus was setting out on a journey, a man ran up, knelt down before him, and asked him, "Good teacher, what must I do to inherithim, and asked him, "Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal lifeeternal life?" 18?" 18 Jesus answered him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good but GodJesus answered him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone. 19 You know the commandments: 'You shall not kill; you shall notalone. 19 You know the commandments: 'You shall not kill; you shall not commit adultery; you shall not steal; you shall not bear false witness; you shallcommit adultery; you shall not steal; you shall not bear false witness; you shall not defraud; honor your father and your mother.'" 20 He replied and said tonot defraud; honor your father and your mother.'" 20 He replied and said to him, "Teacher, all of these I have observed from my youth." 21 Jesus, lookinghim, "Teacher, all of these I have observed from my youth." 21 Jesus, looking at him, loved him and said to him, "You are lacking in one thing. Go, sell whatat him, loved him and said to him, "You are lacking in one thing. Go, sell what you have, and give to (the) poor and you will have treasure in heaven; thenyou have, and give to (the) poor and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me." 22 At that statement his face fell, and he went away sad, forcome, follow me." 22 At that statement his face fell, and he went away sad, for he had many possessions. 23 Jesus looked around and said to his disciples,he had many possessions. 23 Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, "How hard it is for those who have wealth to enter the"How hard it is for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of Godkingdom of God!" 24 The!" 24 The disciples were amazed at his words. So Jesus again said to them in reply,disciples were amazed at his words. So Jesus again said to them in reply, "Children, how hard it is to enter the"Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of Godkingdom of God! 25 It is easier for a camel! 25 It is easier for a camel to pass through (the) eye of (a) needle than for one who is rich to enter theto pass through (the) eye of (a) needle than for one who is rich to enter the kingdom of God." 26 They were exceedingly astonished and said amongkingdom of God." 26 They were exceedingly astonished and said among themselves, "Then who can be saved?" 27 Jesus looked at them and said,themselves, "Then who can be saved?" 27 Jesus looked at them and said, "For human beings it is impossible, but not for God. All things are possible for"For human beings it is impossible, but not for God. All things are possible for God." 28 Peter began to say to him, "We have given up everything andGod." 28 Peter began to say to him, "We have given up everything and followed you." 29 Jesus said, "Amen, I say to you, there is no one who hasfollowed you." 29 Jesus said, "Amen, I say to you, there is no one who has given up house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or landsgiven up house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands for my sake and for the sake of the gospel 30 who will not receive a hundredfor my sake and for the sake of the gospel 30 who will not receive a hundred times more now in this present age: houses and brothers and sisters andtimes more now in this present age: houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions, andmothers and children and lands, with persecutions, and eternal lifeeternal life in the agein the age to come.to come. The focus is on eternal life (kingdom of God)
  14. 14. Gospel reading: Mk10:17-30 or 10:17-27Gospel reading: Mk10:17-30 or 10:17-27 Setting and questionSetting and question  17 As Jesus was setting out on a journey, a man ran up, knelt down17 As Jesus was setting out on a journey, a man ran up, knelt down before him, and asked him, "Good teacher, what must I do to inheritbefore him, and asked him, "Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal lifeeternal life?"?" Jesus’ answer with a commentary on “good”Jesus’ answer with a commentary on “good”  18 Jesus answered him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good18 Jesus answered him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone. 19 You know the commandments: 'You shall not kill;but God alone. 19 You know the commandments: 'You shall not kill; you shall not commit adultery; you shall not steal; you shall not bearyou shall not commit adultery; you shall not steal; you shall not bear false witness; you shall not defraud; honor your father and yourfalse witness; you shall not defraud; honor your father and your mother.'"mother.'" The manThe man  20 He replied and said to him, "Teacher, all of these I have observed20 He replied and said to him, "Teacher, all of these I have observed from my youth."from my youth." JesusJesus  21 Jesus, looking at him, loved him and said to him, "You are lacking21 Jesus, looking at him, loved him and said to him, "You are lacking in one thing. Go, sell what you have, and give to (the) poor and you willin one thing. Go, sell what you have, and give to (the) poor and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me."have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me." Reaction of the manReaction of the man  22 At that statement his face fell, and he went away sad, for he had22 At that statement his face fell, and he went away sad, for he had many possessions.many possessions. A simple outline!
  15. 15. Jesus and his disciplesJesus and his disciples  23 Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, "How hard it is for23 Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, "How hard it is for those who have wealth to enter thethose who have wealth to enter the kingdom of Godkingdom of God!" 24 The disciples!" 24 The disciples werewere amazedamazed at his words. So Jesus again said to them in reply,at his words. So Jesus again said to them in reply, "Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God! 25 It is easier for"Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God! 25 It is easier for a camel to pass through (the) eye of (a) needle than for one who is richa camel to pass through (the) eye of (a) needle than for one who is rich to enter theto enter the kingdom of God."kingdom of God." 26 They were26 They were exceedingly astonishedexceedingly astonished and said among themselves, "Then who can be saved?" 27 Jesusand said among themselves, "Then who can be saved?" 27 Jesus looked at them and said, "For human beings it is impossible, but not forlooked at them and said, "For human beings it is impossible, but not for God. All things are possible for God."God. All things are possible for God." Peter’s expression of poverty and Jesus’ assurance of eternal lifePeter’s expression of poverty and Jesus’ assurance of eternal life  28 Peter began to say to him, "We have given up everything and28 Peter began to say to him, "We have given up everything and followed you." 29 Jesus said, "Amen, I say to you, there is no one whofollowed you." 29 Jesus said, "Amen, I say to you, there is no one who has given up house or brothers or sisters or mother or father orhas given up house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands for my sake and for the sake of the gospel 30 who willchildren or lands for my sake and for the sake of the gospel 30 who will not receive a hundred times more now in this present age: houses andnot receive a hundred times more now in this present age: houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, withbrothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions, andpersecutions, and eternal lifeeternal life in the age to come.in the age to come.
  16. 16. Textual Context of Mark 10:17-30 Part I The Mystery of the Messiah: Revelation of Jesus' Person (1,14--8,30) Three sections, each beginning with a summary of the activity of Jesus and a narrative concerning the disciples and concluding with the adoption of an attitude in regard to Jesus. A. Jesus and the Crowds 1,14--3,6 (1,14f, 16-20; 3,60) B. Jesus and his Own 3,7--6,6a (3,7-12.13-19; 6,1-6a) C. Jesus, the Disciples and the Gentiles 6,6b- 8,30 (6,6b; 6,7-31; 8,27-30) Conclusion and Transition 8,27-33 Confession of Peter First Prophecy of the Passion Correction of Peter Part II The Mystery of the Son of Man: Revelation of Jesus' sufferings 8,31-16,8 A. The Way of the Son of Man 8,31--10,52 Indicated by 3 announcements of the fate of the Son of Man and 3 instructions on the lot of the disciples. B. Jesus in Jerusalem 11,1--13,37 C. Passion and Resurrection 14,1--16,8 The Later Ending 16,9-20
  17. 17. Mk 9,33 They came to Capernaum. Jesus was teaching here. Immediate Context (Mk 9) of our Text Transfiguration First Prediction of the Passion Healing of a Boy with a Demon Second Prediction Greatest in the Kingdom Another exorcist Causes of Sin Mk 10 Marriage Divorce Blessing of Children The Rich Man Third Prediction
  18. 18. CommentaryCommentary  The gospel reading is centered on how to attain eternal life, or, on how to enter the kingdom of God.  It is divided into two:  Vv.17-22, Dialogue between Jesus and the man  Vv.23-30, Dialogue between Jesus and the disciples
  19. 19. In vv.17-22, between Jesus and the man:  Jesus teaches that to attain eternal life, one must keep the commandments.  For those who are already keeping the commandments, they must do more.  They must renounce their wealth, love the poor, and follow Jesus.  The man “fails” to enter heaven because he fails to do the second step: detachment from material things.
  20. 20. In vv.23-30, between Jesus and the disciples:  the disciples, too, find difficulty in the teachings of Jesus.  Jesus says it is hard, but, it can be done (it is possible for God).  Peter makes an outstanding affirmation to Jesus’ teaching: “We have given everything and followed you.”  Jesus adds one more requirement to enter the kingdom: to renounce loved ones.
  21. 21. Now the reward of those who renounce their wealth and loved ones, love the poor and follow Jesus is not only eternal life, but, also restoration and multiplication of what is renounced.
  22. 22. ReflecReflectiotions on the gospel readingns on the gospel reading  We all desire to be “saved”We all desire to be “saved” (to have eternal life).(to have eternal life).  To haveTo have eternal lifeeternal life, we must be willing to pay the price., we must be willing to pay the price.  We must keep the commandments (must have rightWe must keep the commandments (must have right relationships with other people, including our parents).relationships with other people, including our parents).  We must renounce wealth and give to the poor (a newWe must renounce wealth and give to the poor (a new teaching for the disciples). Judaism recognizes wealth,teaching for the disciples). Judaism recognizes wealth, property and children as God’s blessings.property and children as God’s blessings.  Another new teaching: to follow Christ. In the JewishAnother new teaching: to follow Christ. In the Jewish religion, to be “religion, to be “savedsaved” means one must follow the Torah,” means one must follow the Torah, must keep the Law. Now, one must follow a person,must keep the Law. Now, one must follow a person, Jesus, who claims to be the Messiah.Jesus, who claims to be the Messiah.  Following Jesus is of prime importance in attainingFollowing Jesus is of prime importance in attaining salvationsalvation..
  23. 23. Tying the 3 readings and the PsalmTying the 3 readings and the Psalm  The first reading teaches the importance ofThe first reading teaches the importance of prudenceprudence and wisdomand wisdom..  The psalm reminds that our days are numbered, that weThe psalm reminds that our days are numbered, that we may attainmay attain wisdomwisdom..  The second reading teaches the nature of theThe second reading teaches the nature of the word ofword of GodGod..  The gospel reading teaches the necessity of renouncingThe gospel reading teaches the necessity of renouncing wealth towealth to attain eternal lifeattain eternal life.. All the readings talk about what we should possess to attain salvation.
  24. 24. How to develop your homily / sharingHow to develop your homily / sharing  Begin by sharing your experience with materialBegin by sharing your experience with material thingsthings (enjoyable at first, set aside later; people borrow(enjoyable at first, set aside later; people borrow without returning; source of headache, stolen, snatched,without returning; source of headache, stolen, snatched, lost in natural calamities).lost in natural calamities).  Develop what the readings teach. The readingsDevelop what the readings teach. The readings teach us how to attain eternal life by:teach us how to attain eternal life by:  Preferring wisdom to wealth (1st reading).  Praying for wisdom (kindness) (psalm)  Listening to the Word of God (2nd reading).  Keeping God’s commandments, renouncing material things, giving to the poor and following the footsteps of Jesus.
  25. 25.  Christian discipleship is not accumulating wealth and property, but sharing these things to the poor, and having time to listen to the wisdom (teachings) of Christ.  This will assure us of heaven.
  26. 26.  Today, we need to impress the world that Jesus’Today, we need to impress the world that Jesus’ teaching is still relevant.teaching is still relevant.  Our world today is characterized by consumerism,Our world today is characterized by consumerism, systematic accumulation of wealth and property, usingsystematic accumulation of wealth and property, using high technology.high technology.  Money can easily be transferred or stolen electronically.Money can easily be transferred or stolen electronically. Goods can be transferred in big bulks.Goods can be transferred in big bulks.  Business establishments have devised many ways andBusiness establishments have devised many ways and means to produce all kinds of goods (needed ormeans to produce all kinds of goods (needed or otherwise) and they have also devised means to easilyotherwise) and they have also devised means to easily sell their products, even through the internet.sell their products, even through the internet.  They allow people to buy their goods even if they haveThey allow people to buy their goods even if they have no money, resulting to indebtedness and bankruptcy ofno money, resulting to indebtedness and bankruptcy of many imprudent individuals and compulsive buyers.many imprudent individuals and compulsive buyers.  Now many people work just to be able to pay theirNow many people work just to be able to pay their debts.debts.
  27. 27.  People look for money, working overtime to have more pay. Almost they have no time for themselves and for the mass on Sundays.  The search for / love of material things / gadgets (more modern, updated, upgraded, latest) is destroying our relationship with God and with other people.  It provides occasions to do injustice and violence (cheatings, graft, corruption, falsification of documents, violation of human rights, extortions, blackmail, kidnapping, overpricing, manipulation of prices, unfair labor practices, low salaries, environmental degradation, pollution, negligence to obligations to our loved ones and God)  It prevents us from approaching the poor.  It lessens our capacity and time to communicate with people face to face.
  28. 28.  We cannot be authentic disciples if we have no more time for the Lord, to listen and meditate on his Word, to pray privately and individually and to be in communion with our fellow Christians.  Read the life of St. Francis of Assisi. He attained happiness and salvation by simple lifestyle, detachment from things and people, loving the lepers, and imitating Jesus Christ.  Or, ask a Franciscan to tell you the story of St. Francis ofOr, ask a Franciscan to tell you the story of St. Francis of Assisi.Assisi.
  29. 29.  The eucharist is the sacrament that helps us focus our attention to Jesus, our priority in life.  In the eucharist, Jesus promises us eternal life if we receive him.  Our participation in the eucharist is a sign of our assent to his teachings, that material things are not the center of our lives, but him.
  30. 30. Our Context of Sin and GraceOur Context of Sin and Grace  Impulsive  Disregard for rules and regulations  Autocratic  Anomia  Charismatic groups teaching how to become materially rich without being critical on how they get rich.  Religious associations becoming venue for networking (to sell merchandize)  Simony (use of religion to get rich, selling what is sacred)  DetachmentDetachment  Voluntary povertyVoluntary poverty  Recognition of ecological debtRecognition of ecological debt  Knows how to discern andKnows how to discern and calculate riskscalculate risks  Simple living and preachingSimple living and preaching  CatechizedCatechized  EvangelizedEvangelized
  31. 31. Suggested SongsSuggested Songs  Glory to God, NewGlory to God, New  http://youtu.be/lmTlVfELBeohttp://youtu.be/lmTlVfELBeo  Francis’ DreamFrancis’ Dream  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBe4GJV_5TUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBe4GJV_5TU  The Power of TouchThe Power of Touch (St. Francis’ Canticle)(St. Francis’ Canticle)  http://http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUPdN69mFbYwww.youtube.com/watch?v=IUPdN69mFbY  Lord, Here I amLord, Here I am  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dH54ZHHR84k

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