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Leadership 101 - Part 2


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Leadership 101 - Part 2

  1. 1. Developed by Dr. David Hays
  2. 2. <ul><li>Part Two of this course contains answers to these questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is charismatic leadership? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is charismatic leadership important to followers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is vision important to an organization? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the requirements for successful implementation of a vision? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Charismatic leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspire others and bring forth loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Max Weber’s definition of charisma: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A quality that sets an individual apart from ordinary people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To be treated as if endowed with exceptional powers or qualities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charisma is a gift or power of leadership </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>This theory was published by R.J. House in 1976 </li></ul><ul><li>Charismatic leaders exhibit a combination of personal characteristics and behavior: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambitious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-confident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of purpose </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Charismatic leaders… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are role models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate ability that elicits respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have ideological goals with moral overtones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate high expectations and show confidence in meeting them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignite the motives of followers </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Charismatic leaders generate hope and conviction in followers. They are people others perceive as being able to make things better. At the emotional level, effective leaders generate: </li></ul><ul><li>- Confidence in people who are frightened </li></ul><ul><li>- Certainty in people who are vacillating </li></ul><ul><li>- Strength where there is weakness </li></ul><ul><li>- Expertise where there is floundering </li></ul><ul><li>- Optimism where there is cynicism </li></ul><ul><li>- Conviction that the future will be better </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Describe and discuss a leader you know who fits the description of a charismatic leader in previous slide. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Charismatic leaders emerge in every walk of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Football coach Vince Lombardi generated respect and following of others through charisma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He cared </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He worked hard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He knew the right answers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He believed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He kept the bar high </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>According to James MacGregor Burns, “charisma” has overlapping meanings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders’ magical qualities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An emotional bond between the leader and the led </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependence on a powerful figure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular support for a leader that verges on love. Example, Herb Kelleher, Southwest Airlines. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Transformational leaders raise aspirations and transform individuals through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other personal qualities </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Transformational leadership was first discussed by J. V. Downton </li></ul><ul><li>However, identification of these leadership types is credited to James MacGregor Burns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transformational leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transactional leadership </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Transformational leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the potential relationship between the leader and the followers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage the full person of the follower </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transactional leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on exchanges between leaders and followers. Exchanging one thing for another </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Peter Drucker explains the importance of a vision: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It makes the organization’s purpose crystal clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It provides a single-minded focus point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without purpose and values, organizations lose credibility . Without credibility, an organization loses its ability to attract the people it needs to perform </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Success begins with clear, compelling vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Picture how things should and could be </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without vision there is confusion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also required: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action plan </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Elements that give life and strength to vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evokes pictures in the mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggests future orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implies a standard of excellence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has the quality of uniqueness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is an image of what could and should be </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Leaders must ask three questions to test his/her vision: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this the right direction? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are these the right goals? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this the right time? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The vision must be shared and supported </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Management author Warren Bennis states that leaders must have: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A positive and future-focused goal or vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarity of purpose and constancy of effort </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passion and authority come to leaders who know where they are going and have the dedication to succeed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passion and authority inspire others to follow </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>A vision must be developed by leaders, those individuals with the strength and influence to establish direction and mobilize the organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders create clear and worthy images that motivate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders are committed to purpose and persistent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They have a vision that appeals to the common good </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>A vision must be communicated to followers and must be supported by them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders must let others see, hear, taste, and feel the vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The vision must be understood so it can be implemented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The vision must be in harmony with the needs and nature of the people </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>A vision must be comprehensive and detailed, so that every member of the organization can understand his or her part in the whole </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roles and responsibilities must be understood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone must know what is expected and the rewards that will accrue when the vision is achieved </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>A vision must be uplifting and inspiring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The vision must be meaningful and important to the members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The members of an organization must try to achieve the organization’s fullest potential </li></ul></ul>5-
  22. 22. <ul><li>Review the video “I have a dream” located to the left and complete the exercise at the bottom of the video. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Proceed to Tab 3. </li></ul>