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Service tax

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  • I have hired one Transport agency for transportation of domestic goods on my shifting on transfer. The agency is charging surcharge @10% and service tax @ 3.09% on transportation cost. Is it complying with the rule? Plz suggest - rakesh.cag@gmail.com
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Service tax

  1. 1. Module SERVICE TAX
  2. 2. Introduction Service Tax is an indirect tax levied on services. It was imposed by Chapter V of Finance Act, 1994, which was introduced by the then Finance Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh. There is no separate “Service Tax Act”. It is imposed every year by making amendments to the Finance Act, 1994. Service tax is not a tax on profession, trade or employment but is in respect of services rendered. If there is no service, there is no tax. 2
  3. 3. Service Tax Law There is no separate service tax statute and following are the various legislatures to cover service tax:            Service Tax Rules, 1994 Service Tax (Registration of Special Category of Persons) Rules, 2005 Export of Services Rules, 2005 Cenvat Credit Rules 2004 Service Tax (Advance Rulings) Rules, 2003 Taxation of Services (provided from outside India and Received in India) Rules, 2006 Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules, 2006 Authority for Advance Rulings (Customs, Central Excise and Service Tax Procedure Regulation, 2005 Central Excise (Appeals) Rules 2001 Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (Procedure) Rules, 1982 Service Tax Circulars, notifications and case laws. - 3
  4. 4. Applicability of Service Tax Service Tax is applicable to the whole of India except Jammu and Kashmir. If a service provider provides taxable services in Jammu and Kashmir, then it is not liable to Service tax. However, if a service provider provides taxable services from Jammu and Kashmir to the client any where else in the country, he shall be liable to service tax. Rate of Tax Rate of Service tax is 12% for all services, plus Education Cess 2% and Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Cess @ 1%, effectively the tax rate shall be 12.36% - 4
  5. 5. Service liable to Service Tax All services are liable to service tax except – a) Activities specifically excluded in definition of service. b) Services covered under the negative list c) d) e) Services covered under Mega Exemption notification. Services provided outside the taxable territory. Services received by a unit located in SEZ (subject to conditions). Negative List of Services There are 17 categories of services which are not chargeable to service tax –– 1. Services provided by Government or local authority. [Except (a) services by Dept of post by way of speed post, express parcel post, life insurance, and agency services, (b) services in relation to an aircraft or a vessel, inside or outside the precincts of a port or an airport, (c) transport of goods or passengers, (d) support services] 2. Services provided by RBI - 5
  6. 6. Service liable to Service Tax Negative List of Services 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Contd…. Services provided by a Foreign diplomatic mission located in India Services relating to agriculture Trading of goods (commission agent or clearing agent) Any process amounting to manufacture or production of goods. Selling of space or time slots for advertisement other than advertisements broadcast by radio or television. On payment of toll charges Betting, gambling or lottery Admission to entertainment events or access to amusement facilities. Transmission or distribution of electricity by an electricity transmission or distribution utility A few of services relating to education. Services by way of renting of residential dwelling for use as residence - 6
  7. 7. Service liable to Service Tax Negative List of Services 14. 15. 16. 17. Contd…. A few financial services like deposits, loans advance, foreign currency sale or purchase by banks or authorised dealers etc) Service of transportation of passengers, with or without accompanied belongings. Services by way of transportation of goods Funeral services Exemptions from Service Tax–Mega Notifications – Notification No. 12/2012-S.T. 1. 2. 3. 4. Services provided to UNO Health care services Services by a veterinary clinic Services by charitable trust - 7
  8. 8. Service liable to Service Tax Exemptions from Service Tax–Mega Notifications – Notification No. 12/2012-S.T. Contd… 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Religious services Legal or arbitral service Technical testing of drugs etc. Coaching in recreational activities Educational institution Services provided to a recognized sports body Sponsorship of sporting events Construction service to Government Construction of road, bridge etc. Other construction service – airport, single residential units, low-cost houses up to a carpet area of 60 sqmt etc. Copyright service - 8
  9. 9. Service liable to Service Tax Exemptions from Service Tax–Mega Notifications – Notification No. 12/2012-S.T. Contd… 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. Services in folk or classical art forms Services of collecting or providing news Services of renting of a hotel etc for residence Services of providing food or beverages Services of transportation by rail or a vessel of specified goods – petroleum, relief materials, defence equipment, postal mail, household effects, newspaper/magazines, railway equipment, agricultural produce, chemical fertilizers Goods transport agency for fruits etc. Hiring motor vehicle for transport of more than 12 passengers Transport of passengers Vehicle parking to general public - 9
  10. 10. Service liable to Service Tax Exemptions from Service Tax–Mega Notifications – Notification No. 12/2012-S.T. Contd… 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. Specific services to government – water supply, public health, sanitation, solid waste management, slum improvement repair & maintenance of vessel/aircraft Specific general insurance service – hut insurance scheme, cattle insurance, insurance of tribal, Janata Personal Accident Policy, Group Personal Accident Policy, Agricultural Pumpset & Failed Well Insurance, Export credit insurance, National Agricultural Insurance etc. Services provided by an incubate – provided turnover is below 50 lakh & within three years from date of the agreement. Services by an unimcorporated body to its members Financial services – sub-broker to broker, mutual fund agent to MF, distributor to a M.F. Selling agent of lottery to a distributor, selling agent or distributor of a sim card etc. Specific job work services – agriculture, printing, cutting & polishing of diamond etc. - 10
  11. 11. Service liable to Service Tax Exemptions from Service Tax–Mega Notifications – Notification No. 12/2012-S.T. Contd… 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. Business exhibition service outside India Specific telephone service – departmentally run public telephones, free calls at airport, hospital where no bills are being issued. Slaughtering service Services provided from non-taxable territory Public library service Services by Employees’ State Insurance Corporation Transfer of a going concern Public conveniences Municipality services by government Services provided outside taxable territory. - 11
  12. 12. Service Tax Valuation u/s 67 Highlights of Service tax valuation rules In exercise of powers under section 67, Service Tax (Determination of value) Rules, 2006 have been issued w.e.f. 19-4-2006. The Service Tax Valuation Rules provide as follows –  Where the value is not ascertainable, value will be determined by service provider in terms of rule 3.  As per rule 3(a) of Service Tax Valuation Rules, valuation shall be on basis of gross amount charged by service provided for similar services.  If value cannot be determined on basis of rule 3(a), valuation shall be on basis of equivalent money value of such consideration, which shall not be less than cost of provision of such services.    Central Excise Officer can reject ’value’ determined by service provider and determine ‘value’ for purpose of service tax payment. (rule 4). Rules 5 and 6 make provisions for certain specific inclusions and exclusions for valuation. Payments made by service provider as agent of service receiver and recovered from service receiver are excluded for the purpose of valuation. 12
  13. 13. Service Tax Valuation u/s 67 Highlights of Service tax valuation rules In exercise of powers under section 67, Service Tax (Determination of value) Rules, 2006 have been issued w.e.f. 19-4-2006. The Service Tax Valuation Rules provide as follows –  Where the value is not ascertainable, value will be determined by service provider in terms of rule 3.  As per rule 3(a) of Service Tax Valuation Rules, valuation shall be on basis of gross amount charged by service provided for similar services.  If value cannot be determined on basis of rule 3(a), valuation shall be on basis of equivalent money value of such consideration, which shall not be less than cost of provision of such services.    Central Excise Officer can reject ’value’ determined by service provider and determine ‘value’ for purpose of service tax payment. (rule 4). Rules 5 and 6 make provisions for certain specific inclusions and exclusions for valuation. Payments made by service provider as agent of service receiver and recovered from service receiver are excluded for the purpose of valuation. - 13
  14. 14. Service Tax Valuation u/s 67 Valuation Situation Value Where total consideration is monetary Taxable value = Gross Amount charged exclusive consideration of Service Tax. Where consideration is in kind (ie., non-monetary consideration) Taxable value = Monetary Equivalent of “nonmonetary consideration”. • Wholly in kind Rule 3 of Service Tax Valuation Rules 2006 Method -1 Taxable Value = GAC by service provider for similar service provided to third party. •Partly in Kind Where consideration is “notquantifiable” Method-2: Taxable Value = [Monetary consideration + Mkt Value of Non-monetary consideration] {but it shall not be less than the cost of provisioning of service. Taxable Value = Value determined in prescribed manner. Nor manner is prescribed so far – but is practically best judgment assessment. - 14
  15. 15. Service Tax Provisions Relating to ––– ADVERTISEMENT Service tax is payable only on advertisements on radio or Television. Advertisement means – any form of presentation for promotion of or bringing awareness about any event, idea, immovable property, person, service, goods or actionable claim through newspaper, television, radio or any other means but does not include any presentation made in person. Sale of space in print media, bill boards, public places, buildings, conveyances, cell phones, ATM, internet is not taxable. Advertisement Agents, Designers are subject to Service Tax – The exemption is only to advertisement and not to other services like designs, advertisement agents etc. Advertising Agency is liable to pay service tax on its commission, and other services like designing, preparation of advertisement material, advertisement films etc. Service Tax – Prof. Ajaz Ahmed Khan– 2013 - 15
  16. 16. Service Tax Provisions Relating to ––– CONSULTING ENGINEERING SERVICES This service is taxable under service tax. If Research and Development Cess is paid, service tax exemption is available to the extent of R&D Cess paid. SOFTWARE RELATED SERVICES Development, design, programming, customisation, adaptation, upgradation, enchance, implementation of information technology software is a ‘declared service’under section 66E(d) of Finance Act, 1994. Ïnformation technology software”means any represenation of instruction, data, sound or image, including source code and object code, recorded in a machine readable form, and capable of being manipulated or providing interactivity to a user, by means of a computer or an automatic data processing machine or any other device or equipment – The provision has been specifically included as “declared service”, since really software is goods and whether and when service tax can be imposed is a matter of argument and even litigation. Service Tax – Prof. Ajaz Ahmed Khan– 2013 - 16
  17. 17. Service Tax Provisions Relating to ––– TRANSPORT OF GOODS BY AIR Transport of goods by air from a place outside India upto the customs station of clearance in India is in Negative List of Services. Service tax is payable incase of transport of goods by air within India. SERVICES OF AIR TRAVEL AGENT Air Travel Agents are subject to service tax only on the commission and not on entire air ticket. Simple method for calculation of service tax payable by Air Travel Agents – Service Tax @ 0.60% of basic fare incase of domestic booking and @ 1.20% of the basic fare in case of international bookings, of passage for travel by air, instead of the rate as prescribed in section 66. - 17
  18. 18. Highlight the service tax valuation rules.     (12) Discuss the provisions relating to the service tax in the following cases : Air Travel agents services Consulting engineers Practicing Chartered Accountants. (12) Discuss the service tax provisions relating to information technology software service. (10) Briefly discuss the provisions of the Finance Act 1994 as amended, relating to service tax with respect to the following taxable services :  Consulting Engineer  Practicing Chartered Accountant. (10) - 18
  19. 19. THANK YOU To be Continued in next session 2013 Prof. Ajaz Ahmed Khan 19

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