Drug Addictions

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Drug Addictions

  1. 1. Wesley House, Ashley Taylor and Cameron Mohr
  2. 2. DEFINITION <ul><li>Drug - a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being. </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction - the state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, such as narcotics, to an extent that its cessation causes severe trauma </li></ul>
  3. 3. Signs of addiction <ul><li>Impact neurochemical balance </li></ul><ul><li>Affects how you feel and act </li></ul><ul><li>Used to temporarily alleviate emotions such as: loneliness, stress or low self-esteem </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of Addiction <ul><li>Addictive potency varies from substance to substance depending on the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol would require more exposure than heroin and cocaine to become addicted </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic predisposition </li></ul>
  5. 5. Drugs causing addictions <ul><li>Stimulants - drugs that increase alertness and awareness temporarily. (aka uppers) </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulants tend to increase the activity of the sympathetic nervous system, central nervous system or both </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: nicotine, caffeine, ritalin </li></ul>
  6. 6. Drugs causing addictions <ul><li>Sedatives - depresses the central nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: antidepressants, marijuana, alprazolam (Xanax) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Causes of addictions <ul><li>Hypnotics - induces sleep; similar to sedatives </li></ul><ul><li>Used in the treatment of insomnia and anesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: alcohol, zolpidem </li></ul>
  8. 8. Causes of addictions <ul><li>Opiates - drugs used to kill pain </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: morphine, codeine, noscapine </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effects on nervous system <ul><li>Depressants- drowsiness, memory impairment, dizziness, lack of coordination, confusion, slow breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulants- euphoria, rapid speech, irritability, weight loss </li></ul>
  10. 10. Treatment <ul><li>Treatable, yet is a complicated brain disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Medications for withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Heroin addict in rehab </li></ul>
  11. 12. Bibliography <ul><li>All information was provided by the following sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.nida.nih.gov/Infofacts/treatmeth.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_addiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.helpguide.org/mental/drug_substance_abuse_addiction_signs_effects_treatment.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All pictures provided by flickr.com </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Erin – PROM WITH ME? -WES

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