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  1. 1. Taiwan All about……
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Since it is the last week of homework, I thought there’s no better way to end the term with a slideshow devoted to the wonderful and interesting country of </li></ul>TAIWAN!
  3. 3. Location <ul><li>Taiwan is located 120 kilometres away from China, who has power over Taiwan. It is 394 kilometres long and 144 wide. </li></ul><ul><li>The island of Taiwan is 55% forests and woodland, 24% land suitable for agriculture, 15% for other uses, 5% is pastures, 1% is crops and the rest is water. </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan has had many natural disasters and is home to many endangered species. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Maps
  5. 5. LanguageReligion <ul><li>Mandarin, Taiwanese and Hakka are all languages spoken in Taiwan, and most people learn English as a second language. </li></ul><ul><li>93% of Taiwan’s people believe in a mix of Buddhism, Confucianism (a religion based on good deeds) and Taoism (based on it’s own traditions and concepts). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Culture <ul><li>Culture in Taiwan is made up of many different countries influences during Taiwanese history. </li></ul>Japan, Europe, America and China have all had a huge impact on Taiwan’s culture. Culture in Taiwan now is more about freedom of expression and a wide variety of examples of culture can be found throughout Taiwan.
  7. 7. A Timeline of Taiwanese History 1540-2000
  8. 8. 16 th Century <ul><li>1540- The Kingdom of Middag is established ( a central kingdom created by Taiwanese aboriginals </li></ul><ul><li>1544- The island is discovered by Portuguese sailors who name it Iiha Formosa (which means ‘Beautiful Island’) </li></ul><ul><li>1582- The ship sinks and survivors fight aboriginals and malaria on the island </li></ul><ul><li>1592- Japan claims the island and renames it Takayamakoku (means ‘High Mountain Country’ </li></ul>
  9. 9. 17 th Century <ul><li>1604- The Dutch order a fleet to the Pescadores, a small group of islands of Taiwan’s west coast, but they do not go </li></ul><ul><li>1609- Japan sends Arima Haruno on an exploratory mission to Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>1616- Japan unsuccessfully attempts to invade Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>1622- Since Japan is under Chinese rule at this time, the Dutch try to trade the Pescadores for southern Taiwan and are unsuccessful </li></ul><ul><li>1624- China goes through with the trade and the Dutch rule over south Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>1626 to 1653- Spain takes north Taiwan but the Dutch eventually drive them out and take complete rule of Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>1662- China takes full control of Taiwan from the Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>1683- A new government controls China and takes Taiwan from the previous rulers </li></ul>
  10. 10. 18 th Century <ul><li>1732- The Kingdom Of Middag is destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>-The chief </li></ul><ul><li>Map of tribes- </li></ul>
  11. 11. 19 th Century <ul><li>1875- Taiwan is separated into North and South </li></ul><ul><li>1887- A government is appointed to Taiwan with Liu Mingchuan as the first governor </li></ul><ul><li>1894- The French Navy blockade Taiwan during a war with China about who gets ownership of North Vietnam (known then as Tonkin) </li></ul><ul><li>1895- Japan demands Taiwan after China surrendered to war. China makes Taiwan a republic to ward off Japan. Tang Jing-Song becomes president </li></ul><ul><li>1899- Japan takes back their army. The first bank of Taiwan is established to encourage Japanese investment, and Taiwanese yen is created </li></ul>
  12. 12. 20 th Century-1900 to 1920 <ul><li>1901- Railroads are built </li></ul><ul><li>1904- Taiwanese bank notes are issued </li></ul><ul><li>1905- An earthquake takes place in Chiayi, a population census is started and Taiwan becomes financially independent </li></ul><ul><li>1907- A group of people obtain weapons in Beipu City and kill over 50 people </li></ul><ul><li>1908- Many railways are completed </li></ul><ul><li>1913- Another uprising commences in Miaoli City </li></ul><ul><li>1915- The largest revolt in Taiwanese history takes place, with over 100 protesters killed </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1921 to 1940 <ul><li>1921- A petition to create a Taiwanese parliament is created, and the Cultural Association of Taiwan is established </li></ul><ul><li>1924 to 1926- Many more rail roads completed </li></ul><ul><li>1927- The Taiwanese People’s Party is founded (Taiwan’s first political party) </li></ul><ul><li>1928- Taihoku Imperial University is founded (now National Taiwan University) </li></ul><ul><li>1930- Irrigation system is complete and Wushe City incident takes place </li></ul><ul><li>1935- An earthquake takes place in Miaoli and an exposition takes place for 40 th anniversary of Taiwan becoming a country </li></ul><ul><li>1937- Four national parks are planned and the Sun Moon Lake Hydroelectric Power Plant is completed </li></ul><ul><li>1939- Industrial production begins and exceeds agricultural production </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1941 to 1960 <ul><li>1941- Japanese and Taiwanese children are allowed in same schools and another railway is completed </li></ul><ul><li>1943- Compulsory education begins and Taiwan becomes the country with the second highest enrolment rate in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>1945- Japan (and Taiwan) are defeated in World War II. The US directs Japan to surrender to China and they take control of Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>1949- New Taiwan Dollar is established and is still used today, the Kuomintang army is defeated in the Chinese Civil war and flees to Taiwan with over 2 million refugees and China changes their capital city to Taipei (in Taiwan) </li></ul><ul><li>1951- Japan officially renounces claims on Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>1958- A war ensues in which China tries to invade and claim Taiwan, but there is a truce </li></ul><ul><li>1959- Central Taiwan faces serious flooding </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1961 to 1980 <ul><li>1964- The Shihmen Reservoir is completed </li></ul><ul><li>1971 to 1978- Many changes in Taiwanese and Chinese government ensue </li></ul><ul><li>1979- More protesters are detained and another railway is finished </li></ul><ul><li>1980- Many protesters are killed and the Hsinchu Science Park is founded </li></ul>
  16. 16. 1981 to 2000 <ul><li>1986- Typhoon Wayne hits west of central Taiwan, a new political party is created (Democratic Progressive Party) and Yuan T. Lee wins the Nobel prize in chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>1988- Newspapers are allowed </li></ul><ul><li>1989- New banks are allowed </li></ul><ul><li>1991- Opposition parties are legalised </li></ul><ul><li>1994- National Health Insurance begins </li></ul><ul><li>1995- The Taiwanese stock market loses one-third of it’s value </li></ul><ul><li>1996- The first vote for president takes place </li></ul><ul><li>1997- Many more railways are completed, including two of the main ones and cell phones can be used </li></ul><ul><li>1999- An earthquake hits Chi-Chi City </li></ul><ul><li>2000- Most main railways are completed </li></ul>
  17. 17. And that’s……….. TAIWAN!