Central Thai (Siamese) of the Central Valley; the Eastern Thai (Lao) of the Northeast (Khorat); the Northern Thai (Lao) of North Thailand; and the Southern Thain (Chao Pak Thai) of peninsular Thailand.Minor groups are the Phuthai of northeastern Khorat, the Shan of the far northwestern corner of northern Thailand, and the Lue in the northeastern section of northern Thailand
King is responsible 4 da protection of theravadabuddhism in country
Thailand is the largest exporter of rice in the world, going upto export a 6.5 million tones of rice annually. 55%of the land is used for rice cultivation.
• Bhumibol Adulyadej is the king of Thailand• Has a total area, which is about twice the size of Wyoming, measures 514,000 square kilometers (198,455 square miles). The length of its coastline measures 3,219 kilometers (2,000 miles).• Its capital city, Bangkok, is the most populated city in Thailand. Located in the central region,
Geographical Background• Its situated in Southeast Asia, Thailand is predominantly a Buddhist kingdom almost equidistant from India and China. Known by outsiders as Siam for centuries, Thailand (the land of smiles), has been something of a Southeast Asian migratory, cultural, and religious crossroads.• The climate is tropical. The rainy season is during middle May to September and the winter season is dry and cool during November to middle March. The southern part of Thailand is always hot and humid.
• The six main regions of Thailand has it own distinctive geographical character• 1) Central region -encompasses the Bangkok metropolitan region and the central plains, Its also know as the rice ball of thailand• 2) North – Its mountainous and the largest region of thailand• 3) Northeast - Second largest region and also the poorest region• 4) eastern region- In-between the sea and the Damrek range, this is where pristine beaches support the growth of summer resorts such as Pattaya• 5) West – It’s the most wonderful region with a frontier atmosphere.• 6) south -Here, arresting scenic beauty complements the economically vital activities of tin mining, rubber cultivation, and fishing.
Demography 1. Population• Has a population of 61.2 million as on july 2012• Its homogeneous• Population growth rate - 0.543% (2011 est.)• Birth rate - 12.81 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)• Death rate - 7.38 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
2. Ethnicity• Thailand contains more than 30 ethnic groups 6% Ethnic groups varying in 1% 4.00% Thai history, language, religion, appearance, and patterns of livelihood. 14% chinese Malay• Thai can be categorized into three major 75% Khmers groups ad three minor groups Other Major – Siamese, Lao, Chao Pak Thai Minor – Phutai , Shan ,lue• The Chinese is mainly migrants who are engaged in business and commerce through out the country• Malays are found in the southern peninsula near the border and, to a lesser extent, along the southeast coast• Khmers are along the cambodian border from mekong to gulf of thailand• The other minor ethnic groups include Induan, American, Akha, Musso, Meo, Kamuk, Tin, Lawa
3.Language• The main language spoken is the central thai• Khorat Thai is spoken by about 400,000 people in Nakhon Ratchasima. Along with the Standard Thai there are many importantdialects that are spoken and some of them are-• Isan is known as the North Eastern Thai and it is the language of the Isan region. It bears a close resemblance to the Lao language though it is written in the Thai alphabet.• Galung language spoken in the Nakhon Phanom province• Nyaw language is spoken in Sakhon Nakhon province, Nakhon Phanom province and Udon Thani province of Northeast Thailand.
4.Religion• The largest religious group in Thailand is the Buddhist of the Theravada tradition.• The second largest group is Muslims• The othere religious groups include Catholics, Hindus, Malays and jewish
5.Politics• Politics in Thailand: Theoretically, the king in Thailand has very little power under the constitution• However the constitution provides that the government is headed by the Prime minister appointed by the king from the houses of the lower house of parliament heading a coalition government.• Thailand has a real executive -the Prime Minister and constitutional executive- The Monarch.• Members are all elected by the process of popular vote.• The judicial structure in Thailand recognizes Supreme Court as the highest court with three layers below it.
6.Economy• Thailand had once enjoyed a growth rate (highest) at an average rate of 9%annually.• Thailands currency is baht• Growth rate had been hampered in 2001due to global economy lessening.• Thailand exports $105 billion worth of products which involves exports of rice, textiles, rubber, jewelry, electrical appliances and others. Rice is the most important crop.• The main resources of Thailand (natural) are tin, rubber, natural gas, tantalum, fish, fluorite, lignite, lignite, gypsum and others.• Industries like computers, electrical appliances all contribute to the GDP.
Visual and performance arts• The performing arts of Thailand embraces considerable awareness into the Thailand visual arts arena with a rich variety of spectacular appearances within the Thai cultural arts. These arts are just some of the creative expressions you can and certainly will enjoy in this culturally rich Asian country besides all of Thailands other attractiveness.
Festivals• Praying for rain -Thailand is an agricultural country. Most Thai people in the rural areas grow crops especially rice for a living. Their fate inevitably depends on the falling of rain that will give life and freshness to their crops• Thai new year – Mid of April• Vessak celebrations – may• Vegetarian festival –October• Loy Krathong– late November
Food Culture• Thai food is one of the most internationally spread cuisines, and is often considered a favorite.• The thai food culture is very social• There is no specific meal for Breakfast, Lunch or Dinner.• They Always Make an Effort About Presentation• Thai people never waste food• A typical Thai meal includes four main seasonings: salty, sweet, sour, and spicy.• They do not use chopsticks instead use thai cutlery
Customs and Etiquette• Courtesy is very important to Thais. Being polite and respectful to others is considered indispensable to maintaining good relations. Speaking softly and smiling warmly will always help to create positive dealings.• Thai people are very conservative regarding members of the opposite sex.• There is a strong hierarchy in Thai society which is evident at many levels• Thai greetings often involve a wai (pronounced why). To wai, the hands are raised as if in prayer and the head is bowed.• Appearance is very important to Thai people and care should be taken to dress smartly and appropriately.• Body language is important in Thai communication and respect and politeness should always be shown.• Dress Attire• Table Manners• Religious Etiquette
Leisure and sports• Golf - Thailand has become one of the top golf destinations in Asia.• Flying -There are a number of private flying clubs in Thailand that offer flying lessons in a variety of craft: balloons, ultra-lights and bigger aircraft.• Watersports -The coastal resorts of Pattaya and Hua Hin have facilities for all the watersports usually found at seaside holiday destinations – water skiing, parasailing, jet skiing, sailing and diving, to name a few.• Horse Riding - A few commercial companies offer stabling or horse riding lessons in Bangkok and Pattaya.