Opiate Project

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Opiate Project

  1. 2. <ul><li>Opiates derived from the poppy plant </li></ul><ul><li>Used in the 19 th century as painkillers for cough, diarrhea, and physical ailments </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Grown in countries like Afghanistan and Turkey </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Opiates can be found in liquid, powder, or pill form </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Common opiates include: </li></ul><ul><li>Morphine </li></ul><ul><li>Heroin </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrocodone (Lortabs) </li></ul><ul><li>Oxycodone (Oxycotin) </li></ul><ul><li>Percocet </li></ul><ul><li>Vicodin </li></ul><ul><li>Codine </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Opiates either come straight from the poppy flower, are derived from opium, or are manufactured synthetically. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Opiates were originally marketed as OTC pain-relievers. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: Bayer- heroin, opium </li></ul><ul><li>Codeine- OTC cough medicine </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Most opiates are now Schedule I or II controlled substances in the U.S. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Opiates bind to the opiate receptors in the brain, the same receptors that endorphins bind to </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Once opiates bind to their corresponding receptors, they trigger two sensations: pleasure and pain relief. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Opiates cause greater amounts of dopamine to be released, which activates the brain’s pleasure circuit and creates a feeling of reward. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>If opiates are taken in excess, addiction may occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Opiates cause an intense rush, or euphoria, followed by a few hours of relaxation. This sensation appeals to many and causes addiction. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Use of Opiates make body dependent on them to function normally </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>When a person quits using opiates after a long period of time, they often experience physical pain from withdrawal. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Don’t Do Drugs </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Images courtesy of: Google Images, Flickr.com </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>Opiates.org </li></ul>

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