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Rene Peters – market manager  New energy technologies To enable a transition to a sustainable energy supply for the future...
Overview <ul><li>Trends in New Energy development  </li></ul><ul><li>Greening the new energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean c...
The five core areas of TNO new energy technology TNO Quality of Life TNO Defence, Security and Safety TNO Built Environmen...
TNO offices in the Netherlands new energy technology
Business focus in the energy sector new energy technology Integrity Services Flow & Structural Dynamics Smart fields Flow ...
Current world energy supply new energy technology
new energy technology Public perception
new energy technology Coal ! Source: IEA
Trends in new energy for Europe <ul><li>Coal will be the dominating new energy source! </li></ul>new energy technology
new energy technology Source: IEA
Trends in new energy for Europe <ul><li>Coal will be the dominating new energy source! </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil fuels will...
World natural gas consumption grows 3%/yr new energy technology Source:  IEA World Energy Outlook
new energy technology Source: The World Gas Supply Report – Douglas-Westwood <ul><li>Increasing distance from source to ma...
Trends in new energy for Europe <ul><li>Coal will be the dominating new energy source for the next 30 years! </li></ul><ul...
Market drivers for renewable energy <ul><li>High oil price stimulates development of alternative energy sources </li></ul>...
Trends in new energy for Europe <ul><li>Coal will be the dominating new energy source for the next 30 years! </li></ul><ul...
Worldwide CO2 emission reduction targets new energy technology Business as usual
How can we comply our new energy sources  with the CO2 emission reduction targets? <ul><li>Coal:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In...
Technology Development in New Energy <ul><li>Technology development in clean coal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Capture and...
Capture Technology Strategy at TNO: Post Combustion Capture new energy technology Image: Vattenfall AB
CO 2  sources and sinks in Europe new energy technology
The Netherlands is in a good position for CCS new energy technology
new energy technology New CO 2  network from Maasvlakte – Europoort – 2008-2010 Existing CO 2  network OCAP from Pernis to...
McKinsey study: economic gap delays CCS implementation new energy technology
Technology development: new solvents for CO2 Absorption new energy technology 1 2 3 1 2 3
Next generation: Membrane Gas Absorption new energy technology <ul><li>- Reduced investment, 5 to 10 times more compact th...
Opening CATO pilot CO 2  - Catcher  by Joost van Dijk (CEO E.ON Benelux) Jaqueline Cramer (minister VROM), Jan Mengelers (...
CATO CO 2  Catcher - Technical Facts <ul><li>Fluegas Details </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1250 m 3 /hr flue gas, 250 kg/hr CO 2  ...
CCS – Capture Implementation Roadmap new energy technology CO2 capture maturity level 2 nd  generation solvent (scrubbing)...
Technology Development in New Energy <ul><li>Technology development in clean coal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Capture and...
International transport of gas  via  pipelines  or  ships new energy technology (Mta)
New gas developments in EU <ul><li>Geopolitical issues  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less dependence of GCC and FSU </li></ul></u...
Challenges in LNG development <ul><li>Market Drivers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost reduction, standardisation </li></ul></ul...
Innovative LNG transfer systems Ship to shore, ship to ship new energy technology Loading arms Ship-to-shore Composite hos...
Qualification of flexible composite hoses  for LNG transfer  new energy technology <ul><li>Flow tests </li></ul><ul><li>Fa...
Development of offshore LNG Transfer new energy technology Present application:  Supply LNG to regasification vessels Side...
Qualification program <ul><li>Technical challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>Complex behaviour of the composite hose </li></ul><u...
Results so far <ul><li>Performed tests: </li></ul><ul><li>Material tensile test </li></ul><ul><li>Full scale flow test </l...
Testing of flow performance of cryogenic hose at Deltares new energy technology <ul><li>pressure loss measurements </li></...
Full scale LNG test of 8” flexible hose at Nikkiso Cryo (USA) new energy technology <ul><li>Pressure loss measurements </l...
Next step: Qualification of other configurations new energy technology TNO’s qualification strategy:  Have a better unders...
Planned development of LNG storage and regassification units in Rotterdam Maasvlakte area  new energy technology
Future: LNG Test and Technology Centre new energy technology Full scale LNG test of 8” flexible hose  at Nikkiso Cryo (USA...
Future: LNG Test and Technology Centre <ul><li>Advantages Netherlands: </li></ul><ul><li>Supports ‘Gas Roundabout’ ambitio...
Conclusions <ul><li>New energy sources to deliver the growth in energy demand are coming from fossil fuels, in particular ...
new energy technology
new energy technology Contact information: René Peters  TNO Science and Industry Postbus 155 2600 AD Delft Tel.: 015 269 2...
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  1. 1. Rene Peters – market manager New energy technologies To enable a transition to a sustainable energy supply for the future new energy technology
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Trends in New Energy development </li></ul><ul><li>Greening the new energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LNG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewables </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology development to enable new energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the cost of CCS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable offshore LNG </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>new energy technology
  3. 3. The five core areas of TNO new energy technology TNO Quality of Life TNO Defence, Security and Safety TNO Built Environment and Geosciences TNO Science and Industry TNO Informa-tion and Communication Technology
  4. 4. TNO offices in the Netherlands new energy technology
  5. 5. Business focus in the energy sector new energy technology Integrity Services Flow & Structural Dynamics Smart fields Flow Control Biofuels Thermal Processes Instrumentation Instrumentation Carbon Capture & Storage Separation Technology
  6. 6. Current world energy supply new energy technology
  7. 7. new energy technology Public perception
  8. 8. new energy technology Coal ! Source: IEA
  9. 9. Trends in new energy for Europe <ul><li>Coal will be the dominating new energy source! </li></ul>new energy technology
  10. 10. new energy technology Source: IEA
  11. 11. Trends in new energy for Europe <ul><li>Coal will be the dominating new energy source! </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil fuels will be delivering 83% of the increased energy demand </li></ul>new energy technology
  12. 12. World natural gas consumption grows 3%/yr new energy technology Source: IEA World Energy Outlook
  13. 13. new energy technology Source: The World Gas Supply Report – Douglas-Westwood <ul><li>Increasing distance from source to market </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in LNG as a preferred means of gas transportation </li></ul>Diversification in gas transport 26% 7%
  14. 14. Trends in new energy for Europe <ul><li>Coal will be the dominating new energy source for the next 30 years! </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil fuels will be delivering 83% of the increased energy demand </li></ul><ul><li>Gas will continue to grow 3% per year, but will increasingly been imported from outside Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Energy diversification will lead to a strong growth of LNG imports </li></ul>new energy technology
  15. 15. Market drivers for renewable energy <ul><li>High oil price stimulates development of alternative energy sources </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations EU: 20% renewables, 10% biofuels, 20% emission reduction of GHG, 20% energy reduction in 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>ETS system for CO2 emission trade </li></ul><ul><li>Competition with food chain drive for second generation biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>Price guarantee for sustainable energy (solar, D) </li></ul><ul><li>CO2 tax Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Security of supply (energy diversification, independence in energy supply) </li></ul>new energy technology
  16. 16. Trends in new energy for Europe <ul><li>Coal will be the dominating new energy source for the next 30 years! </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil fuels will be delivering 83% of the increased energy demand </li></ul><ul><li>Gas will continue to grow 3% per year, but will increasingly been imported from outside Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Energy diversification will lead to a strong growth of LNG imports </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy sources will need strong governmental support to become economic </li></ul>new energy technology
  17. 17. Worldwide CO2 emission reduction targets new energy technology Business as usual
  18. 18. How can we comply our new energy sources with the CO2 emission reduction targets? <ul><li>Coal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase efficiency with coal gasification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement CO 2 Carbon Capture and Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fossil Fuels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Towards low carbon fuel, i.e. from Oil to Gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a world liquid market for Gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce costs of transport by pipeline or LNG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable Offshore LNG liquefaction and regasification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renewables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve efficiency and reduce cost of solar PV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale up of (offshore) wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second generation Biomass conversion </li></ul></ul>new energy technology Key to success: Technology Development
  19. 19. Technology Development in New Energy <ul><li>Technology development in clean coal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Capture and Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CATO 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of Offshore LNG </li></ul>new energy technology
  20. 20. Capture Technology Strategy at TNO: Post Combustion Capture new energy technology Image: Vattenfall AB
  21. 21. CO 2 sources and sinks in Europe new energy technology
  22. 22. The Netherlands is in a good position for CCS new energy technology
  23. 23. new energy technology New CO 2 network from Maasvlakte – Europoort – 2008-2010 Existing CO 2 network OCAP from Pernis to Amsterdam Rotterdam is in a even better position for CCS CO2 capture and transport in the Port of Rotterdam E.ON Elec trabel ENECO GEN Abengoa X Shell Exxon Mobil AVR New CO 2 network to Barendrecht – Moerdijk - - - Antwerp (2008-2010) Green houses New CO 2 network to offshore storage fields (2012-2015) X
  24. 24. McKinsey study: economic gap delays CCS implementation new energy technology
  25. 25. Technology development: new solvents for CO2 Absorption new energy technology 1 2 3 1 2 3
  26. 26. Next generation: Membrane Gas Absorption new energy technology <ul><li>- Reduced investment, 5 to 10 times more compact than packed columns </li></ul><ul><li>Gas/liquid flow are controlled independently, not influencing surface area </li></ul><ul><li>No absorption liquid carry over </li></ul><ul><li>. . . </li></ul>= CO 2 Liquid Gas
  27. 27. Opening CATO pilot CO 2 - Catcher by Joost van Dijk (CEO E.ON Benelux) Jaqueline Cramer (minister VROM), Jan Mengelers (CEO TNO) and Stan Dessens (Taskforce CCS) new energy technology April 3, 2008
  28. 28. CATO CO 2 Catcher - Technical Facts <ul><li>Fluegas Details </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1250 m 3 /hr flue gas, 250 kg/hr CO 2 captured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluegas gas from pulverized coal power plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>90% of CO 2 captured from fluegas side-stream </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CORAL ® Amine Acid Absorption Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Negligible losses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-toxic, environmental friendly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good thermal and chemical stability (e.g. O 2 , NO x ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved operational performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compact Membrane Contactors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5-10 times more compact, reduced investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas/Liquid interface is fixed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent operational control </li></ul></ul>new energy technology CATO CO2 Catcher - 1) SO2 scrubber, 2) Absorption tower, 3) Desorption tower. 1 2 3
  29. 29. CCS – Capture Implementation Roadmap new energy technology CO2 capture maturity level 2 nd generation solvent (scrubbing) systems up to 50% cost reduction, down to € 20 per ton CO 2 3 rd generation systems more than 50% cost reduction, down to € 10 per ton CO 2 pilots capture only demo’s incl. storage commercial CCS pilots capture only demo’s incl. storage commercial CCS lab facilities Zero Emission Power Plants Only ZEP Flagships in operation target
  30. 30. Technology Development in New Energy <ul><li>Technology development in clean coal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Capture and Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CATO 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of Offshore LNG </li></ul>new energy technology
  31. 31. International transport of gas via pipelines or ships new energy technology (Mta)
  32. 32. New gas developments in EU <ul><li>Geopolitical issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less dependence of GCC and FSU </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security of supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less dependence of pipeline transport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dutch Roundabout for natural gas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UGS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New pipelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LNG import </li></ul></ul>new energy technology
  33. 33. Challenges in LNG development <ul><li>Market Drivers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost reduction, standardisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer to spot market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floating LNG liquefaction units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large and small scale (niche) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small LNG carriers for local transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7500 m 3 instead of 200.000 m 3 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger process trains for liquefaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiscal metering, volume flow and LNG quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety of LNG transport, storage and regassification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offshore regassification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of LNG in harsh environment (Ship to Ship) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to handle (offshore) LNG spills? </li></ul></ul></ul>new energy technology
  34. 34. Innovative LNG transfer systems Ship to shore, ship to ship new energy technology Loading arms Ship-to-shore Composite hoses Side-by-side Aerial transfer Stern-to-bow
  35. 35. Qualification of flexible composite hoses for LNG transfer new energy technology <ul><li>Flow tests </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue tests </li></ul><ul><li>Product innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Test procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Product qualification </li></ul>Copyright © 2006 2007 Gutteling BV
  36. 36. Development of offshore LNG Transfer new energy technology Present application: Supply LNG to regasification vessels Side-by-side loading is sufficient Future application: Transfer from floating liquefaction units to carriers Other configurations needed for offloading in severe environment Subject of development: Multi composite hose needs to be justified as a reliable and safe principle for side by side transfer of LNG
  37. 37. Qualification program <ul><li>Technical challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>Complex behaviour of the composite hose </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment time consumption (thermal cycle) </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown material properties under cryogenic conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Health, safety and environment issues of test-elaborations </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown external loads during transfer (ship movement) </li></ul><ul><li>EN-1474 specifies only the baseline of qualification </li></ul>new energy technology Subject : LNG transfer with 8 inch multi composite hose in side by side configuration Program based on preliminary guideline EN-1474-II “ Not only the test methods need to be developed, but rules need to be interpreted and requirements have to be detailed”.
  38. 38. Results so far <ul><li>Performed tests: </li></ul><ul><li>Material tensile test </li></ul><ul><li>Full scale flow test </li></ul><ul><li>Impact test </li></ul><ul><li>Burst test </li></ul><ul><li>Cryogenic static strength tests </li></ul><ul><li>… ., </li></ul>new energy technology
  39. 39. Testing of flow performance of cryogenic hose at Deltares new energy technology <ul><li>pressure loss measurements </li></ul><ul><li>flow-induced pressure pulsations </li></ul><ul><li>vibrations on the hose in 3 directions </li></ul><ul><li>modal analyses of the hose </li></ul>
  40. 40. Full scale LNG test of 8” flexible hose at Nikkiso Cryo (USA) new energy technology <ul><li>Pressure loss measurements </li></ul><ul><li>Flow-induced pulsations </li></ul><ul><li>Vibrations along the hose </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Modal analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Methane gas permeability </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum LNG flow test </li></ul>
  41. 41. Next step: Qualification of other configurations new energy technology TNO’s qualification strategy: Have a better understanding of multi composite hose behaviour under cryogenic conditions. Different offloading concepts Bluewater OTC2007 Better understanding -> Higher confidence -> Better specification of next step in test program -> Reduction of test time consumption -> Reduced project duration General idea: Current qualification process provides basis to qualify different offloading configurations with the same hose.
  42. 42. Planned development of LNG storage and regassification units in Rotterdam Maasvlakte area new energy technology
  43. 43. Future: LNG Test and Technology Centre new energy technology Full scale LNG test of 8” flexible hose at Nikkiso Cryo (USA) <ul><li>Task for LNG TTC: </li></ul><ul><li>support to regulations development offshore LNG </li></ul><ul><li>Perform independent quality-assessment (compare and qualify LNG cryogenic system components and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Support development of new technology and equipment innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer LNG technology to (smaller) supplying companies </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate LNG cryogenic research and testing </li></ul>
  44. 44. Future: LNG Test and Technology Centre <ul><li>Advantages Netherlands: </li></ul><ul><li>Supports ‘Gas Roundabout’ ambition </li></ul><ul><li>Supports ‘Gas’ ambition of Dutch offshore industry </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthens connection of industry and (smaller) supplying companies </li></ul><ul><li>Compatible with development of CCS chain and CO2 ambitions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The LNG Test and Technology Centre would be the first available on the market. </li></ul></ul>new energy technology
  45. 45. Conclusions <ul><li>New energy sources to deliver the growth in energy demand are coming from fossil fuels, in particular coal </li></ul><ul><li>In order to meet the CO 2 emission reduction targets the fossil energy sources need to shift to low carbon fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Clean coal requires low cost CCS technology. Technology innovation in CO 2 capture and storage can reduce the cost to 40 euro/ton in 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of the cleanest fossil fuel can be enabled by developing a global gas market with a liquid market for LNG </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of the renewable energy market needs to be supported by government incentives and regulations. Grid parity is not expected before 2015 without economic incentives. </li></ul>new energy technology
  46. 46. new energy technology
  47. 47. new energy technology Contact information: René Peters TNO Science and Industry Postbus 155 2600 AD Delft Tel.: 015 269 2114 Mob. 06 – 515 515 66 E-mail: [email_address] visit us on the web at: www.tno.nl/processindustry

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