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Culture Presentation by Group Turkey, SEM001. Team member: Phoenix, David, Andy, Daisy, Vincent

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  1. 1. Turkey<br />Türkiye<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />A Brief Introduction<br /> - Basic Information<br /> - History -&gt; Impact<br /> - Turkey Today<br />Turkey= Turkish Bath + Tea + Holymonth<br />Conclusion<br />
  3. 3. A brief introduction to Turkey <br />
  4. 4. Etymology<br />Türkiye (Turkey) comes from 2 words:<br />Türk = being strong and powerful<br />Iye = being owned and related to<br />the Nation of Brave People <br />In Tatar Language<br />
  5. 5. Motto, National Anthem and National Flower<br />Presidential Seal <br />Motto: Peace at Home, Peace in the World<br /><ul><li>National Anthem: The Anthem of Independence </li></ul>National Flower: Tulips<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Presidential_Seal_of_the_Republic_of_Turkey.png<br />
  6. 6. Location<br />World’s 37th Largest Country with an area of 783,562 km2<br />97% in Asia: Anatolia<br />3% in Europe: Thrace<br />Capital: Ankara<br />Map of Turkey<br />http://www2.canada.com/topics/<br />travel/guides/lp.html?destination=turkey <br />
  7. 7. Demographics<br />Male Female<br />Population: 71.5 million<br />Majority: Turkey Ethnicity<br />Officially Recognized Minorities: Armenian, Jews and Greeks<br />Other Minorities: Kurds, Laz and Hemsin<br />http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/土耳其 <br />
  8. 8. Language and Religion<br />Language<br />Religion<br />Official Language: Turkish<br />Others: Arabic, Bosnian, Circassian and Kurdish<br />Freedom of Religion<br />Muslim: 98% of total population<br />Others: Christian<br />
  9. 9. A Brief History<br />
  10. 10. Impacts: <br />Influenced greatly by both western and eastern cultures for a long time<br />Building close relationship with western countries as an Islam country<br />A Brief History<br />
  11. 11. Politics<br />Multi-party system<br />Parliamentary Representative Democracy<br />Universal suffrage for both sexes over 18<br />
  12. 12. Economy<br />World’s 15th Largest GDP-PPP in 2008<br />World’s 17th Largest Nominal GDP in 2008<br />No longer agriculture dominant<br />Dynamic Industry Complex<br />Developed service sector<br />
  13. 13. Tourism and Hospitality<br />Tourism: Ranking 3 in the world’s tourism industry <br />Hospitality: Percentages in world 100 best hotels<br />11<br />17<br />20<br />
  14. 14. The Turkish Culture<br />
  15. 15. Our Logic<br />History<br />Turkey= Turkish Bath + Tea + Holymonth<br />Impact on<br />Hospitality & Service Industry, <br />Society & Individual<br />
  16. 16. Turkish Bath-History <br />Dates back to Ancient Rome<br />Ottoman Empire <br />Islam<br />Respect for water<br />Cleanliness<br />Turkish Bath<br />
  17. 17. Turkish Bath-Architecture <br />
  18. 18. Turkish Bath-Architecture <br />
  19. 19. Turkish Bath-Service <br />Step 1<br />
  20. 20. Turkish Bath-Service <br />Step 2<br />
  21. 21. Turkish Bath-Service <br />Step 3<br />
  22. 22. Turkish Bath-Service <br />Step 4<br />
  23. 23. Turkish Bath-Service <br />Step 5<br />
  24. 24. Impact on hospitality&Service industry<br />One of the symbols of Turkey<br />Numerous tourists visit Turkey for the bath<br />Included in most hotels’ facilities<br />Some traditional hamams have even become destinations<br />
  25. 25. Impact on society<br />and individuals<br />A indispensable part of the daily life of Turks<br />A perfect way to relax<br />More importantly, a place for socializing<br />Plays an important role in some customs, including marriage <br />
  26. 26. Tea<br />National drink<br />Turkish herbal tea<br />A way of life and a sign of friendship & hospitality<br /> Image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_tea<br />
  27. 27. Other drinks<br />Turkish Coffee<br /> -Fortune-telling<br /> -“Let’s have a coffee.”<br /> Image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_coffee<br />
  28. 28. Other drinks<br />Alcoholic beverage<br />Turkish wine – Raki<br />Non-alcohol drinks<br />Ayran(1)<br />Boza(2)<br />Image (1) from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayran<br />Image (2)from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boza<br />
  29. 29. Non-alcohol culture VS Hospitality industry<br />Islam culture –alcohol is not allowed <br />However, many people in Turkey drink alcohol<br />The conflicts between the Islamist-rooted AKP(Justice and development party) and hospitality industry nowadays. <br />
  30. 30. Food <br />Oven-baked kebab in paper<br />FishPilaki<br />Image from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53<br />
  31. 31. Food <br />Bulgur Pilaf with Tomatoes <br />Cigarette böreks<br />(a kind of pastry)<br />Image from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53<br />
  32. 32. Food <br />Baklava(1)<br />Rice and Yogurt Soup(2)<br />Image (1)from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_cuisine#Pilaf_and_pasta<br />Image(2) from: http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&FirstLevel=53<br />
  33. 33. Restaurant Culture<br />Fast Food VS Traditional Turkish Cuisine<br />Turks prefer traditional Turkish cuisine<br />In some restaurants, it is common not to have a menu prepared for guests<br />Tipping Customs<br />
  34. 34. Holy Month-Ramazan<br />The 30-day Islamic holy month <br />time of fasting, prayer and celebration.<br />Most important Islamic holiday in turkey<br />Fasting--letting nothing pass the lips<br />
  35. 35. Impact<br />Tourists-&gt;respect the custom<br />Restaurants require reservations in the evening, serve no alcoholic beverage only<br />KurbanBayrami<br /> - 4 or 5-day public holiday<br /> - travel is intense & hotels are crowded<br />
  36. 36. Mosques<br />The House of Prayer in Islam<br />Host “Iftar” dinners during Ramazan<br />Attractions <br />
  37. 37. Sultan AhmetCamii (1616)<br />(The Blue Mosque)<br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40. Hagia Sophia Museum<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42.
  43. 43. Impact<br />Positive impact<br />Visitors have to remove shoes<br />Women need to wear scarf<br />Visitors not allowed during prayer time<br />
  44. 44. Conclusion<br />
  45. 45. Culture Characteristics<br />More of a “high-context” culture<br /> - hide feelings to avoid hurting people<br /> - slowly moving towards the low-context side<br />
  46. 46. Culture Characteristics<br />Power distance<br />Low<br />High<br />less powerful members of organization have to follow the hierarchy order<br />Collectivism<br />Low<br />High<br />Decisions are based on what is the best for the group<br />
  47. 47. Culture Characteristics<br />Masculinity<br />Low<br />High<br />modest and caring population<br />NOT mean more equality between the sexes<br />Uncertainty Avoidance<br />Low<br />High<br />normal for countries with Muslim foundations<br />Business impact<br />
  48. 48. Conclusion<br /> With a long and rich history, a culture consists of the extreme of Eastern and Western, and hospitable Turks, Turkey is certainly a very popular and worth visiting tourism destination. The hospitality and service industry in Turkey is growing rapidly, although restricted by religious belief, and the whole society and individuals within are in the process of westernization. <br />
  49. 49. The End<br />Thank you for your attention <br /><br />(Click to view our reference )<br />
  50. 50. Reference <br />Aarssen, Jeroen; Backus, Ad (2000). Colloquial Turkishp.71<br />American Heritage Dictionary (2000). “Turk”. Retrieved 2006-12-27 from http://www.bartleby.com/<br />Bonnie K. Bealer, Bennett Alan Weinberg, The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World&apos;s Most Popular Drug, Routledge 2001, p.11.<br />Carkoglu, Ali. (2004). Religion and Politics in Turkey. Routledge, UK. ISBN 0-4153-4831-5<br />CIA World Factbook. (2009). “Turkey”. <br />Daniel C. Waugh (2004). “Constantinople/Istanbul”. University of Washington, Seattle, WA. <br />
  51. 51. Reference <br />Extra, Guus; Gorter, Durk (2001). The other languages of Europe: Demographic, Sociolinguistic and Educational Perspectives. Multilingual Matters. ISBN 1-8535-9509-8<br />Harper, Douglas (2001). “Turk”. Retrieved 2006-12-27 from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Turk<br />Hooker, Richard (1999-06-06). “Ancient Greece: the Persian Wars”. Washington State University, WA, United States. <br />Intute (2006-07). “Turkey – Population and Demographics”. <br />Kinross, Patrick (1997). The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and fall of the Turkish Empire. Morrow. ISBN 0-6880-3093-9<br />Kate H. The ABC&apos;s of Larousse Gastronomique : ayran<br />
  52. 52. Reference <br />Mango, Andrew (2000). Ataturk. Overlook. ISBN 1-5856-7011-1<br />M. SabriKoz. Recipes. Turkish Cuisine. Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://www.turkish-cuisine.org/english/pages.php?ParentID=5&PagingIndex=0 <br />Mustafa Duman: ÇayKitabı, TürkKültüründeÇay (The Tea Book: Tea in Turkish Culture),  Kitabevi Press, Istanbul, 2005, p256 <br />Peace Research Institute Frankfurt. (2008). “Turkey: Islam and Laicism between the Interests of State, Politics, and Society”. <br />Robert S.(2008, May 13). Turkey: New law restricting sale of alcohol comes into effect. Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://www.jihadwatch.org/2008/05/turkey-new-law restricting-sale-of-alcohol-comes-into-effect.html<br />
  53. 53. Reference <br />Sabanci University (2005). Geography of Turkey. <br />Shaw, Stanford Jay; Kural Shaw, Ezel (1997). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-5212-9163-1<br />Thissen, Laurens (2001). Time trajectories for the Neolithic of Central Anatolia. <br />Today’s Zaman. (2007). “11 of world’s best 100 hotels in Turkey”.<br />Today’s Zaman. (2008). Foreign Ministry: 89,000 minorities live in Turkey. <br />
  54. 54. Reference <br />Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2003). “Historical background of radio and television broadcasting in Turkey”. <br />Turkish Ministry of Tourism (2005), Geography of Turkey, <br />Turkish Statistical Institute (2008). 2007 Census, population statistics in 2007.<br />Turkish Statistical Institute. (2009). “Tourism Statistics in 2008”. <br />Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2001). “Turkish Constitution”. <br />
  55. 55. Reference <br />Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2004). “Political Structure of Turkey”. <br />Whiting, D (2000). Turkey Handbook<br />The World Bank. (2009). World Economic Indicators Database. GDP (Nominal) 2008. <br />The World Bank. (2009). World Economic Indicators Database. GDP (PPP) 2008. <br />US Library of Congress. (no date). “Geography of Turkey”. US Library of Congress<br />