Turkey is a country which is located on two continents; Asia and Europe.
Turkey, known officially as theRepublic of Turkey, is aEurasian country located inWestern Asia (mostly in theAnatolian peninsula) and in EastThrace in Southeastern Europe.Turkey is bordered by eightcountries: Bulgaria to thenorthwest; Greece to the west;Georgia to the northeast;Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran tothe east; and Iraq and Syria tothe southeast. TheMediterranean Sea and Cyprusare to the south; the AegeanSea is to the west; and theBlack Sea is to the north. TheSea of Marmara, the Bosphorusand the Dardanelles (whichtogether form the TurkishStraits) demarcate the boundarybetween East Thrace andAnatolia; they also separateEurope and Asia.
COUNTRY PROFILE & FACTSOfficial NameRepublic of TurkeyDate of Foundation29 October 1923CapitalAnkaraLargest CitiesIstanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, AntalyaPopulation73 millionLanguageThe official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities.CurrencyTL (Turkish Lira) 1 Euro approximately equals to 2,30 Turkish Liras.Time ZoneGMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7Business HoursThe workweek in Turkey runs from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and majority of corporate offices open at 9 AM andclose at 5 PM.Electricity220V. European standard round two-pin sockets.Health ServicesCities and major touristic towns have a selection of private inter-national and public hospitals with good standards.FoodAs with many Mediterranean nations Turkish food is very healthy, fresh and enjoyable.WaterTap water is chlorinated and, therefore, safe to drink. However, it is recommended that you consume bottled water, which is readilyand cheaply available.CommunicationsTurkey has three GSM operators, all of them offering 3G services and almost 95% coverage over the country. Internet service isavailable all around the country.International Dial Code+90
Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK, was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He iscredited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey.
• Government: Turkey is a democratic, secular and social state, governed by the rule of law; THE PARLIAMENT committed to the nationalism of Atatürk and based on the principle of the separation of powers HOUSE •Legislative Power: The Turkish Grand National Assembly Executive•Power: President and the Council of Ministers.•Judicial Power: Independent courts and supreme judiciary organs.
HISTORY Göbekli Tepe, the firstAntiquity evidence of man presence inThe Anatolian peninsula (also called Minor the world.Asia), comprising most of modern Turkey, isone of the oldest continually inhabited regionsin the world due to its location at theintersection of Asia and Europe. Portion of the legendary walls Troy (VII), identified as the site of the Trojan War
The temple of artemis is one of the sevenwonders of the world. The town of Selcuk in Izmir.
RELIGION Blue MosqueTurkey is officially a secular Republic. TheTurkish Constitution provides the freedom ofreligion and conscience, but does notrepresent or promote a religion. Thepopulation of Turkey is predominantlyMuslim (99%).The remainder of thepopulation are mainly Christians and Jews.
• Turkey, with a subtropical climate zones belt is located between the temperate zone. black sea As a result of Turkeys climate geographical location and mix continental shapes of the earths climate, climate climate led to the emergence of continental different types of climate climate characteristics. The effect is Mediterranean more temperate climate of climate continental coastal regions of the seas. The climate effects of the location of the mountains inland from entering Mediterranean the sea. For this reason, the climate inner parts of the continental climate is seen.
Turkish Culture is unique in the world in that it has influenced and has been influenced in return by cultures and civilizations from China to Vienna and from Russian steps to North Africa for over a millennia. Turkish coffe from 14. century until now…
Turkey has a very diverse culture that is a blend of various elements of the Oğuz Turkic, Anatolian, Ottoman and Western culture and traditions.Ottomans… Turkey has a wide variety of regional costumes…
Body Language and Gesticulating• Handshakes and a kiss on each cheek between men and women are common forms of meeting and greeting• ‘Yes’ is that it is just a small nod of the head downwards• ‘No’ is indicated by a nod of the head upwards, often with raised eyebrows• Hand-kissing is a common way to greet elder people of both genders
Gift Giving Etiquette The only time you would need to give any great thought to gifts would be if you were invited to a Turks home for dinner. The most usual gifts to take arepastries, (especially baklava)and decorative items for the home such as ornaments or vases.
Turkish hand-woven carpets are exporting all over theworld.
Mantı dumplings consist of a spiced meat mixture, usually lamb or ground beef, in a dough wrapper, either boiled or steamed.Mantı are typically served topped with yogurt and garlic and spicedwith red pepper powder and melted butter, and topped with ground sumac and dried mint.
Dolma is a family of stuffed vegetable dishes in the cuisines of the former Ottoman Empire. Perhaps the best-known is the grape-leaf dolma. Common vegetables to stuff include eggplant, tomato and pepper. The stuffing may or may not include meat. Meat dolma are generally served warm, often with sauce; meatless ones are generally served cold with yogurt.
Baklava is a rich, sweet pastry made of layers of phyllo dough filled with chopped nuts and sweetened with syrup or honey.
Ayran is a yogurt-basedbeverage. It is a mixture ofyogurt, cold water, andsometimes salt. Ayran isusually served chilled, and is acommon accompaniment todöner, kebab, etc.
Turkish tea is a type of teathat is popular mainly in the Turkish-speaking countries. Within Turkey, the tea is usually known as Rize tea. Virtually all of the tea is produced in the Rizeprovince, a Turkish province on the Black Sea coast.