Islam Perspective On Peace


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  • Lecture delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference, Balabagan
  • Islam Perspective On Peace

    1. 1. Its Perspective on PEACE <ul><li>AbdulGaphor M. Panimbang </li></ul>Delivered during the Peace seminar-workshop 2011 Xavier University Library American's Corner , Cagayan de Oro City, January 8, 2011 Theme: “&quot;Youth as Advocates of Peace and Transformation amidst Diversity” :
    2. 2. The Word &quot;Islam &quot; Al-Salaam which means “PEACE” Al-Silm The root word of Islam is &quot;al-silm&quot; which means &quot;submission&quot; or &quot;surrender.&quot; Islam
    3. 3. BASIC TENETS: General <ul><li>Islam means: Peace & Self-surrender to the Will of God </li></ul><ul><li>A universal message - confirms preceding Divine revelations. Prophet Mohamed is God’s messenger sent to complete & compliment previous revelations: </li></ul><ul><li>Abrahamic religion: “… it is the belief of your father Abraham. It is He (God) Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation)” 22:78 </li></ul><ul><li>6 pillars of faith and 5 pillars of religion </li></ul>07/26/11 (C) N. Al-Ali, 2001 BASIC TENETS
    4. 4. Diversity Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference “ See you not that Allah sends down rain from the sky? With it We then bring out produce of various colors. And in the mountains are tracts white and red, of various shades of color, and black intense in hue. And so amongst men and crawling creatures and cattle, are they of various colors. Those truly fear Allah, among His Servants, who have knowledge: for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.” (Fatir 35:27-28)
    5. 5. Diversity among Human Beings Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference “ And from amongst His signs is this that He created you from dust; and then behold you are humans scattered far and wide. Among His signs is this that He created for you mates from among yourselves that you may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between you. Verily in that are signs for those who reflect. And among His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the variations in your languages and colors; verily in that are signs for those who know. And among His signs is the sleep that you take by night and by day, and the quest that you make for livelihood out of His bounty; verily in that are signs for those who hearken... “ (Ar-Rum:20-23)
    6. 6. Diversity of Races, Families and Tribes Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference “ O people, We have created you from a male and a female and made you into races and tribes so that you may know each other. Surely the most honored of you in the sight of God is the one who is the most righteous of you” (Al-Hujrat:13).
    7. 7. Diversity of Opinions Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference “… To each among you have We prescribed a Law and an Open Way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single People, but (His plan is) to test you in what He has given you; so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute.” (Al-Maidah:48)
    8. 8. Four Important Principles dignity of the human beings equality of all human beings Title A B fundamental freedom of thought, conscience and belief D universal human rights C
    9. 9. Reaffirming Racial and Ethnic Unity
    10. 10. Reaffirming the Oneness of Religion
    11. 11. Islam and War <ul><li>Allah says in the Holy Qur’an: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ And if Allah did not check one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be full of mischief. But Allah is full of Bounty to the worlds.’ </li></ul><ul><li>(Surat-al-Baqarah (2), ayah 251) </li></ul><ul><li>The All-Mighty also says: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ For had it not been that Allah checks one set of people by means of another, monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques, wherein the Name of Allah is mentioned much would surely have been pulled down. Verily Allah will help those who help His (cause).Truly, Allah is All-Strong, All-mighty.’ </li></ul><ul><li>(Surah Al-Hajj (22), ayah 40) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Why is there Jihad in Islam and what does that mean? <ul><li>1. The word Jihad does not mean “Holy War”. It means struggle. Struggle on the personal level and struggle on the social level. Struggle to do good and struggle to remove injustice and oppression. Struggle could be spiritual as well as social, economic and political. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Qital (or military warfare) is permissible in Islam, but only when other peaceful means such as dialogue, negotiations and treaties fail. It is a last resort and should be avoided as much as possible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Its purpose is not to convert people by force, or to colonize people or to acquire land or wealth or for self glory. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its purpose is basically defense of life, property, land, honor and freedom for oneself as well as defense of others from injustice and oppression . </li></ul></ul>Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference
    13. 13. Basic rule of Qital in Islam <ul><li>Do not begin the hostilities. Work for peace as much as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Fight only those who fight, no collective punishment, non-combatants should not be harmed. Weapons of mass destruction should not be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Stop hostilities as soon as the other party inclines to peace </li></ul><ul><li>Observe the treaties and agreements as long as the enemy observes them. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Islamic Principle: There is no Compulsion in Religion Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference
    15. 15. Islam condones violence against non-Muslims <ul><li>Aggression is a vice in Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Prophet defined the Muslim as one causing no verbal or physical harm to others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Islam’s greeting to everyone is “peace be upon you” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Murder of one person or causing devastation of any form is equated with killing all humanity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Jihad”: Striving to do good for the sake of God - A broad concept </li></ul><ul><li>Coming from a battle the Prophet said to the Muslims: “You came from the minor ‘Jihad’ back to the major ‘Jihad’” Asked to explain, he replied: “Inner self ‘Jihad’” </li></ul>07/26/11 (C) N. Al-Ali, 2001
    16. 16. Islam condones violence against non-Muslims <ul><li>Religious Tolerance most fundamental to Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ No compulsion in religion, Truth stands out clear from Wrong” 2:255-256 - Applies to Muslims & Non-Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christians & Jews called “People of the Scriptures” - under an Islamic state are regarded as “protected subjects” with complete autonomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Prophet’s Charter to the Monks of Sinai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christians & Jews never persecuted for their beliefs in Islamic empire. Then & now Christians keep customs, start schools, visited by missionaries </li></ul></ul>07/26/11 (C) N. Al-Ali, 2001
    17. 17. Islam condones violence against non-Muslims <ul><li>Even in cases of war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General: “Don’t fight those who don’t declare war on you for your faith or don’t attempt to take over your homeland” 60:8-9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Fight for the sake of God (ie not for economic or political gain) those that fight you and do not attack first” ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the other side want peace then make peace 4:90, 8:61 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If a member of the other side seeks asylum award it & ensure safety 9:6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forbidden to kill the elderly, women, children, animals or to cut a tree </li></ul></ul>07/26/11 (C) N. Al-Ali, 2001
    18. 18. Wonderful ideals of Islam: <ul><li>To pursue peace with everyone including past enemies, except when they fight the Muslims and refuse peace, then Muslims are allowed to fight in self-defense.   </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure that we always apply justice and never transgress against others even if they are our enemies.   </li></ul><ul><li>To repel evil actions with good actions, in order to replace hatred with an intimate friendship.   </li></ul><ul><li>To respond to punishment with the same punishment, but that forgiveness and patience is even better than retaliation.   </li></ul>
    19. 19. In order to promote unity in diversity <ul><li>1. Other cultures and religions should not be misrepresented. Educational institutions and media outlets should be held responsible not to propagate or perpetuate hate against any group of people and their recognized faiths and values. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Tolerance must be practiced on all levels: individual, groups and states. It should be a political and legal requirement. Tolerance is the responsibility that upholds human rights, pluralism (including cultural pluralism), democracy and the rule of law. </li></ul>Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference
    20. 20. ROBERTSON : Ladies and gentlemen, I don't know what it's going to take to wake up the American, especially the American left, to the danger that Islam faces, or presents to all of us. But here's what Muhammad said, he said, &quot;If you find an unbeliever and he will submit to Islam and pay alms, then let him go in peace. If not, kill him.&quot; So, in other words, when they were taking over a country, people were forced to convert to Islam under the penalty of death. And now, on the other hand, they say if somebody wants to leave Islam, they're going to kill them on the other side. Who ever heard of such a bloody, bloody, brutal type of religion? But that's what it is. It is not a religion of peace. Islam means submission. Submission to the Quran, to Muhammad, to the quote, &quot;will of Allah, as revealed by Muhammad.&quot; And the penalty of not submitting is death. A penalty of leaving, in many of these countries, as [ 700 Club correspondent] Erick Stakelbeck has so eloquently shown, is also death. ( From the April 28 edition of The 700 Club :)
    21. 21. Al-Hudaybiya Agreement Treating prisoners and captives decently Meeting drafting peace agreements and achieve reconciliation The negotiation principle signing peace agreement Principles & Values consultancy Choosing the right man in the right place during the processes conflict resolution sending a messenger to meet the other Party to discuss the issue under dispute ;
    22. 22. Agenda for Reconciliation efine Objective
    23. 23. Delivered during the Youth Interfaith Solidarity Conference