Diversity of spain (Región de Murcia , Asturias y Ceute y melilla)
Work of Geography:Región de Murcia,Asturias & Ceuta & Melilla
A little introduction• Is an autonomous city of Spain on the north coast of Morocco with an area of 12.3 square. Is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish territories in mainland Africa. Was a free for before Spain joined the European Union
Where is located?• It is located in the north African coast. Close to the Alboran Sea.
What are his relief and climate like? RELIEF Melilla occupies a cove on the western side of the peninsula of Tres Forcas. On the coast there are many cliffs and sandy beaches CLIMATE The climate, in Ceuta is Mediterranean sub-desert. The annual temperature is 19ºC. Mild winters (12,8ºc) and very hot (25,2) summers. Intesive rain in autunm and spring
POPULATION It had a population of 81.188 made up of Christians, Muslims and a small number of Jews. The highest population density of Spain 6496 per square kilometre High birth rate Many young people Large number of Moroccans inmigrants
Economy:• The economy is based on trade and port activities depends on relations with Morocco and the Iberian Peninsula. There is an important presence of State administration. Tourism is also important.• The principal industry is fishing• Cross-border commerce (legal or smuggled) and Spanish and European grants and wages are the other income sources.
City culture and society :• Melilla has been praised as an example of multiculturalism, being a small city in which one can find up to three major religions represented. However, the Christian majority of the past, constituting around 65% of the population at one point, has been shrinking, while the number of Muslims has steadily increased to its present 45% of the population due to immigration from Muslim countries.• The amateur radio call sign used for both cities is EA9.
TRANSPORTS• Melilla is connected to the Spanish • It is possible to travel cities from Melilla to Morocco of Málaga, Madrid, Granada and Al on foot and then further mería by air as well as to Málaga, Almería and Motril by ferry. Air using an ONCF Nostrum flies from Melilla train from nearby Beni Airport to Ansar Almeria, Granada, Valencia and Ma drid. The second closest airport to the city is Nador International Airport
PRESIDENT• Juan José Imbroda Ortiz• FROM2000 – Present• UPM/PP
SUBDIVISION• Melilla is subdivided into eight neighbourhoods :• Barrio de Medina Sidonia• Barrio del Real• Barrio de la Victoria• Barrio de los Héroes de España• Barrio del General Gómez Jordana• Barrio del Príncipe de Asturias• Barrio del Carmen• Barrio de La Paz
PHYSICAL ENVIOREMENT• Ceuta occupies a priviledged location because it dominates the Strait of Gibraltar. The city consists of: Punta de Almina ( a peninsula joined to the continent by a narrow isthmus. The principal mountains are the Yebel Musa or Mujer Muerta and Monte Hacho
POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT• Populatin density is very high 4422 hab/km.• The total population is 84018 inhabitants.• The fact is a border city and a bridge between Europe and Africa, has transformed Ceuta into a mulit-cultural city. With a predominantly Spanish population and a large percent of Moroccan descent
FLORA FAUNA• The characteristic specie is • The existence of: the cork oak • Elephants• Pine trees • Gazelles• Eucalyptus • Jackals • Monkeys• Poplar • Porcupine,• Acacia • Tortoise,• Dragos • Fox,• And the Ficus Benjamina • wild boar • And thousands of birds
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY• The economy revolves around the tertiary sector, in particular commerce. Traffic of goods and passengers in the port is high. There are also important activities related with the State Administration
• The city receives high numbers of ferries each day, most from Spain. Ferries cross from Algeciras in Andalucia in the south of Spain.• Occasionally, cruise ships stop by. There is a bus service throughout the city which does not pass into neighbouring Morocco.• Ceuta has a regular helicopter service from Ceuta Heliport to mainland Spain.• The closest airport is Sania Ramel Airport.
IMPORTANT DAYS• Ntra. Sra. de África, 5 of august• Holy Week • Carnivales• San Antonio, 13 of june: • Cross of May:• Corpus Christi: • Day of Ceuta, 2 of september:• San Daniel y Compañeros Mártires, 10 of october: • La Mochila, 1 of november:
Location:• Asturias is an autonomous community of Spain in the iberian peninsula and is located in the coast of the Cantabria sea.
RELIEF:• The Cantabrian Mountains (Cordillera Cantábrica) form Asturiass natural border with the province of León to the south. In the eastern range, the Picos de Europa National Park contains the highest and arguably most spectacular mountains, rising to 2,648 metres (8,688 ft) at the Torrecerredo peak. the Parque Natural de Redes in the central east, the central Ubiñas south of Oviedo, and the Parque Natural de Somiedo in the west. The Cantabrian mountains offer opportunities for activities such as climbing, walking, skiing and caving, and extend some 200 kilometres (120 mi) in total, as far as Galicia province to the west of Asturias and Cantabria province to the east. Picos de Europa Parque Natural de Redes
FOOD AND DRINK• While Asturias is especially known for its seafood, the most famous regional dish is fabada asturiana, a rich stew typically made with large white beans (fabes), shoulder of pork (lacón), black sausage (morcilla), and spicy sausage (chorizo). Fabada Asturiana black sausage
Food and drink• Apple groves foster the production of the traditional alcoholic drink, a natural cider (sidra). When Asturian cider is served, it is poured in a particular way, El Escanciado: since it is natural and bottled without gas, the bottle must be held above the head allowing for a long vertical pour (requiring considerable skill and accuracy), which causes the cider to be aerated when it splashes into the glass below. This gives it a pleasant "zingy" taste. The glass is passed around and everyone drinks from the same glass. After drinking most of the glass, it is customary to splash a little out onto the ground, as a way to clean the glass of any lees for the next pouring. The Escanciador
Economy• For centuries, the backbone of the Asturian economy was agriculture and fishing. Milk production and its derivatives was also traditional, but its big development was a byproduct of the economic expansion of the late 1960s. Nowadays, products from the dairy cooperativeCentral Lechera Asturiana are being commercialised all over Spain.• The main regional industry in modern times, however, was coal mining and steel production: in the times of Francisco Francos dictatorship, it was the centre of Spains steel industry. The then state-owned ENSIDESA steel company is now part of the privatised Aceralia now part of the ArcelorMittal Group. The industry created many jobs, which resulted in significant migration from other regions in Spain, mainly Extremadura, Andalusia and Castile and León. Minery in Asturias
• The steel industry is now in decline when measured in terms of number of jobs Economy and provided, as is the mining. The reasons for the latter industry. are mainly the high costs of production to extract the coal compared to other regions. Large out- of-town retail parks have opened near the regions largest cities (Gijón and Oviedo), whilst the ever- present Spanish construction industry appears to continue to thrive. Steel Industry
Main attractions:• Oviedo the capital city of Asturias: a clean, picturesque city with a diverse architectural heritage. Santa María del Naranco and San Miguel de Lillo, a pre-Romanesque church and a palace respectively, which were built by the first Asturian kings on Mount Naranco, to the north of the city. In modern architecture, the Palacio de Congresos de Oviedo, designed by Santiago Calatrava.• Gijon, the biggest city of Asturias, is a coastal city famous for cultural and sports events and there is a beach tourism centre in northern Spain. It also is famous for the traditional Asturian gastronomy and for being an important Asturians cider production spot. There are many museums and places to visit in the city. It is also important to mention the Laboral Ciudad de la Cultura, including a Modern Art Museum, Theatre, etc. Gijón Oviedo
Main attractions• Avilés,the third largest city in Asturias, is now becoming an essential touristic spot in the Principality. "La villa del adelantado"(as locals usually call it) is a meeting point where present and past meet. This is most notably clear once we go through the streets in the old quarter of the city. "Saint Nicholas of Bari" or "Capilla de los Alas" in Romanesque and Romanesque-Gothic style, respectively; Palacio de Balsera, in Modernist style or St. Thomas of Canterbury church (dating from the 13th century)are just a few examples which clearly show the magnificent historical patrimony to be found in the city. Avilés
PRESIDENT OF ASTURIAS.• Javier Fernández Fernández
Región de Murcia:Región de Murcia is situated in the south-east of the Iberian Peninsula and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Mar Menor,The Comunitat Valenciana,Castilla La Mancha and Andalucía.
Región de Murcia,Physical environment:*Relief:most of the community iscrossed by the Sistemas Béticos.Animportant characteristic is the flatsegura depression.The coasts arerocky,with only few sandy stretches*Rivers:the main rivers are theSegura and its tributaries(Guadalentín,Sangonera, etc.);theriverbeds of these rivers remain dryfor large parts of year .*Climate: Murcia region is one ofthe more arid areas of Spain,withrainfall rarely go above 250mm.Predominant Mediterraneancoastal,although the north and westalso have a Mediterranean inlandclimate.The south has aMediterranean sub-desert climate.
Región de Murcia,Physical envirroment: *Vegetation: consists of species adapted to the aridity(dwarf fan palm,prickly pear cactus etc.)and Mediterranean scrubland.Some areas like the Sierra de Espuña,have been reforested with pine forests.*Fauna: Murcia Region has large colonies inhilly areas of Águila Real, Bonellis Eagle,Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, PeregrineFalcon, Owl, etc. In the higher ranges of thewestern (Sierra Mojantes and Sierra delGigante ) Vulture colony there .17For mammals, the presence in the mountainsof Northwest the ibex and deer recovered inthe presence of numerous mountains of theinterior.
Región de Murcia,Population and Settlement: *Population: Murcia(Region) has a population of 1.4 millon of inhabitants.Population is increasing thanks to immigration.Inhabitants are concentrated around the capital (Murcia),the fertile in lowland of the Segura(Molina de Segura,Alcantarrilla,Cieza etc.),Cartagena,the coast(San Javier,Mazarrón,Águilas etc.)and other cities(Lorca,Yecla,Caravaca de la Cruz,Puerto Lumbreras etc.) *Settlement: The Region of Murcia is a Spanishprovince autonomous region, located in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, between Andalucia (provinces of Granada and Almeria) and Valencia (province of Alicante), and between the Mediterranean coast and Castilla-La Mancha (Albacete province). Its capital is the city of Murcia.
Murcia Cartagena Lorca Yecla Caravaca de la Cruz
Región de Murcia Economic Activity:*Primary sector: Crop agriculture is important,principal themarket gardens,(salad,vegetables,citrus fruits,indrustrialcrops and flowers).Rain-fed crops are grown in the interior(cereals almonds,vines and olives).Livestock farmingsheeps,pigs and poultry are farmed .*Industry: is growing.In Murcia and it’s sphere ofinfluence,industry is diversified.The area of Cartagena,onthe other land,lost part of its industrial power afterrestructuring.In some nuclei,like Lorca and Yecla,industry ishighly specialished.Cartagena has one of most importantrefiniries of Spain.The principal industries are foodproducts,chemicals,metal products,non-metalminerals,furniture,rubber and plastic, and the repair andinstallation of machinery and equipment.*Tourism: is increasing,especially beach tourism.In recentyears,nature and rural tourism have also grown.
Región de Murcia, others facts: Language:The Spanish spoken in the region has its ownaccent and local words. The Murcian dialect tendsto eliminate many syllable-final consonants and toemphasize regional vocabulary, much of which isderived from Aragonese, Catalan and Arabic words.
Región de Murcia, others facts: Goverment:President Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso (PP)
Región de Murcia, others facts: Gastronomy: The gastronomy of region de Murcia is the set of dishes, ingredients and cooking techniques specific de the Region of Murcia (Spain). Murcia cuisine has influences from the neighboring kitchen From Castilla La Mancha, Valencia and Granada.its characteristic ingredient rice and some salted fish preparations: mojamas. In the case of Murcia is an abundant market garden view inside(representing coastal kitchen and gardener), a fondness for pork products identified with the pig slaughter (Manchega kitchen), and abundant seafood cuisine.
Región de Murcia, others facts: Festivity: On 9 of June marks the Day of the Region de Murcia, commemoratingthe anniversary of the promulgation of the Organic Law of the Autonomy Statute.Holy Week in Cartagena, Lorca and Murcia.Carnival in águilas.Festivity of ‘la Virgen del Carmen’ in ‘San Pedro del Pinatar’.Festival of Muslims and Christians in Murcia
Región de Murcia, others facts: Universities:University of Murcia (UMU): Founded in 1914. in themunicipality of Murcia, in the institution studied about 38,000 students. San Antonio Catholic University (UCAM):Private university founded in 1996. It is located on one campus next to the Jeronimos Monastery in Guadalupe municipality of Murcia.
Región de Murcia, others facts: Main routes of transportation: By air : *San Javier Airport. *International Airport of the Region of Murcia (in construction). By sea:Ports in the Region ofMurcia are included within themaritime district of Cartagena, in turn subdivided intodistricts Águilas, Mazarron, & Cartagena.
Región de Murcia, others facts: Main routes of trasportation 2: By Road:The Region has encompassed own roads and highways within the Road Network in the Region By AVE:there are Trains Altaria that join Cartagena with Madrid-Chamartín, and Trains Talgo which join Cartagena with Barcelona-SantsBy Tram:In 2002 the city of Murcia tram restoration raised in the city, inaugurated in 2007 an experimental stage.
Región de Murcia,others facts:Main routes of transportation :3 Identifier Name Origin Destination A-30 Murcia dual Albacete Cartagena carriageway A-7 Mediterranean Valencia Almería dual carriageway AP-7 mediterranean Cartagena Vera motorway
Región de Murcia, others facts: Most inhabited villages:
Región de Murcia, others facts:Importants things: The Muds of the Mar Menor