Spain powerpoint- EDITED & FINISHED


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Spain powerpoint- EDITED & FINISHED

  1. 1. Spain By: Brittany French
  2. 2. <ul><li>Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>It is in the southwest of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain is bordered by Portugal, Gibraltar, Andorra and France . </li></ul><ul><li>Gibraltar is a waterway that separates Spain from Africa. </li></ul>Where is Spain located?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Much of central Spain is covered by plateau surrounded by mountain ranges. </li></ul><ul><li>There are also some lowlands located on the coast. </li></ul><ul><li>For most of the century, most Spanish people lived in small villages or towns. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, tourism and industry are bringing many people to the larger cities and coastal areas. </li></ul>Geography of Spain
  4. 4. Government -Spain has a Socialist Government. -In Spain, because it is a socialist government, all medical treatment is free. -Most medicines are also free. Medicines that do cost money are very inexpensive. For example: My aunt took my cousin, Giancarlo, to the emergency room in a private hospital in Spain for the price of $200, while St. Christopher´s Hospital in Philadelphia charged around $9,000!
  5. 5. Money <ul><li>In Spain, 1 Euro is equal to $1.33 in United States money. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain has a 7% sales tax on meals. </li></ul><ul><li>When tipping a waiter or waitress, </li></ul><ul><li>they give 5-10% tip of what their bill is. </li></ul><ul><li>When tipping a taxi drivers and other people along those lines, they normally give a 5% tip. </li></ul><ul><li>In the United States, we use a dollar sign ($) where in Spain they use a Euro sign (€) when writing down a price. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Natural Resources -coal -iron ore -uranium -mercury -zinc -lead -copper -hydropower (There is a Spain hydropower company named Gamesa who are now putting a hydro plant near us in Langhorne, PA. They also manufacture windmills that generate power in Morrisville, PA.) -solar power
  7. 7. Schooling -Children from the ages of 3-5 have the opportunity of attending pre-school. -Pre-school is free for all students in Spain. -There is Primary Schooling for ages 6-11. Secondary Schooling begins when the child is between the ages of 12-15. -The majority of Spaniards go to college because it is free. -Most kids finish college and a lot go on to further degrees. -The current education in Spain is known as the Fundamental Law of Education.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Spain is very family oriented. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday is considered “Family Day” and all of the malls and stores are closed so no one in the family has to work and they can spend all day with their loved ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Spaniards often eat lunch with their families. </li></ul><ul><li>The grandparents usually live with the families. If the family has little children, who aren’t in school yet, they are often left with their grandparents while their parents go to work. </li></ul><ul><li>Families usually live near each other. </li></ul><ul><li>They often buy apartments in the same buildings or houses in the same development. </li></ul>Family This is a picture of my Aunt Jen and my cousin Giancarlo who live in Spain.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Make Sure You Visit: </li></ul><ul><li>Plaza Mayor </li></ul><ul><li>Museo del Prado </li></ul><ul><li>Centro de Arte Reina Sofía </li></ul><ul><li>Parque de Retiro </li></ul><ul><li>Museo de America </li></ul><ul><li>The Mezquita </li></ul><ul><li>Visit the Alhambra in Granada. </li></ul><ul><li>Plaza de la Villa </li></ul><ul><li>Giralda in Sevilla </li></ul><ul><li>The Triana bridge in Sevilla designed by Eiffel </li></ul>Tourist Attractions **For information on these fun things to do in Spain, you can visit: <ul><li>-The unbelievable view at Ronda </li></ul><ul><li>-See the best fútbol in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>-See art by Diego Velazquez </li></ul><ul><li>See Frank Gehry's amazing architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Catedral de San Isidro </li></ul><ul><li>Bull fighting rings (the oldest is in Ronda) </li></ul><ul><li>The White Pueblos in Andalusia </li></ul><ul><li>Running with the Bulls in Pamplona </li></ul><ul><li>Gaudi´s architecture in Barcelona </li></ul><ul><li>Plaza de Cibeles in Madrid (background picture) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Spain became a part of the Roman Empire in 206 B.C., where it then was conquered by Scipio Africanus. </li></ul><ul><li>Aragon and Castile were the most important Spanish states from the 12th to the 15th century combined with the marriage of Ferdinand II and Isabella I who established the Inquisition. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Catholicism was established as the official religion in Spain and most Jews and Muslims were kicked out. </li></ul><ul><li>The War of the Spanish Succession, which took place from 1701 until 1714, resulted in Spain's loss of Belgium, Luxembourg, Milan, Sardinia, and Naples. </li></ul><ul><li>The civil war that followed lasted three years, and had nearly a million deaths. </li></ul><ul><li>The war ended when Franco took Madrid on March 28, 1939. </li></ul><ul><li>Franco was the only dictator to die at an old age. </li></ul><ul><li>The leader of the Popular Party, José María Aznar, became prime minister, and in the year 2000, he and his party won reelection. </li></ul><ul><li>Aznar's backing of the U.S. war in Iraq was very unpopular because 90% of Spaniards opposed the war. </li></ul><ul><li>On March 11, 2004, Spain suffered a terrifying terrorist attack: 191 people were killed and 1,400 were injured in bombings at Madrid's railway station. </li></ul><ul><li>In June 2005, Spain legalized gay marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>On March 24, 2006, the militant Basque separatist group, ETA, was responsible for more than 800 deaths and for terrorizing Spanish society with its bombings and other attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>The government dissolved Parliament in January 2008 and called for new elections. </li></ul><ul><li>A new citizenship law was passed in December 2008, allowing descendants of those exiled from Spain during the Spanish Civil War to lay claim to Spanish citizenship. </li></ul>History of Spain
  11. 11. Food <ul><li>Spaniards start off their day with a light breakfast. At breakfast they eat a pastry, or drink coffee or thick hot chocolate. </li></ul><ul><li>The main meal of the day is lunch. They call it comida in Spanish. They usually eat comida at 2 or 3 o’clock everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Dinner is eaten at any time between 8pm and midnight. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>BOOKS </li></ul><ul><li>LeannaBoychenko, Leanna, Simon Schama, Clem Wood, and Jane Yeager. &quot;Spain.&quot; Let's Go Europe 2008 . Ed. Inés Pacheco. New York: St. Martin's, 2007. 888-958. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>McDonald, Ferdie, and Claire Marsden. &quot;Spain.&quot; Ed. Simon Hall. Europe . Ed. Sam Atkinson and Andrew Szudek. New York, New York: DK, 2010. 276-351. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Spain.&quot; Fodor's Essential Europe . Ed. Matthew Lombardi, Linda Cabasin, Robert I.C. Fisher, Maria Hart, Salwa Jabado, Kelly Kealy, Laura Kidder, Rachel Klein, and Caroline Trefler. New York: Fodor's, 2009. 725-804. Print. </li></ul>Works Cited