Schema.org a11y prez at Accessing Higher Ground 2013

986 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Design
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
986
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Schema.org a11y prez at Accessing Higher Ground 2013

  1. 1. Discovering Accessible Educational Resources via Schema.org and LR Accessing Higher Ground 2013
  2. 2. Food for Thought… Page 2
  3. 3. Food for Thought… Page 3
  4. 4. Food for Thought… Page 4
  5. 5. Food for Thought… Page 5
  6. 6. Food for Thought… Page 6
  7. 7. Food for Thought… Page 7
  8. 8. Food for Thought… Page 8
  9. 9. Food for Thought… Page 9
  10. 10. How it Works – Schema.org Schema.org metadata describes ‘things’ on the web as agreed upon by the major search engines to improve search & discoverability Page 10
  11. 11. Recipe Metadata Example <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Recipe"> <div itemprop="nutrition” itemscope itemtype="http:// schema.org/NutritionInformation"> Nutrition facts: <span itemprop="calories">240 calories</span>, </div> Ingredients: - <span itemprop="ingredients">3 or 4 ripe bananas, smashed</span> - <span itemprop="ingredients">1 egg</span> Page 11
  12. 12. Learning Resources Metadata Page 12
  13. 13. Why Now? Kinda’ Perfect Storm Goal: Make it easier and more convenient to find learning resources that meet specific student and class needs. Curriculum and Accessibility Standards LRMI Schema.org Intersection of three opportunities Resource Registries (Learning Registry) from a representation by Brandt Redd, Gates Foundation Page 13 1
  14. 14. The  LRMI  Proper-es  v1  (lrmi.net/the-­‐specifica-on)   General  Terms  (Schema.org): Educa-onal  Terms:   •  intendedEndUserRole   •  -tle/name •  educa-onalUse       •  URL •  -meRequired   •  Descrip-on •  typicalAgeRange       •  Image •  interac-vityType       •  Topic •  learningResourceType   •  created  (date) Competency  related:   •  Creator •  educa-onalAlignment   •  Publisher •  Descrip-on   •  inLanguage •  URL   •  Mediatype •  Alignment  Type     •  technologiesRequired •  educa-onalFramework   •  technologiesRecommended   •  targetDescrip-on   •  targetName   •  Use  RightsURL •  targetURL   •  is  based  on       Page 14
  15. 15. http://209.7.195.215:90/Search.aspx Page 15
  16. 16. Page 16
  17. 17. What About Accessibility? Addressing the needs of ALL Students Discover Learning Resources based on disability needs and learner preferences ●  Compatible with AT, WCAG guidelines ●  Leverage MathML, tactile graphics and image descriptions Have closed-captioned video ●  Page 17
  18. 18. Leveraging Access For All ●  Gates Foundation funded Benetech to develop a Schema.org proposal for Accessibility Metadata that would be complementary to LRMI ●  Benetech assembled a broad Working Group of experts –  AEP (LRMI), APH, Dublin Core, EDItEUR (ONIX), Gooru Learning, IMS Global, IDRC, NCAM, SRI (Learning Registry) ●  Proposal submitted to Schema.org in April 2013 –  Influenced heavily by IMS Global Access for All –  Released under a Creative Commons BY-SA License Page 18
  19. 19. Accessibility Properties Access  Mode   •  auditory,  textual,  visual,   colorDependent   Media  Feature   •  alterna-veText,  longdescrip-on,   MathML,  cap-on,  transcript   Alterna-ves   •  hasAdapta-on,  isAdapata-onOf   Access  Hazard   •  flashing,  mo-onSimula-on,  sound   Others   •  displayTransformability,  AccessAPI,   controlFlexibility   http://a11ymetadata.org Page 19
  20. 20. Application to Books Part 1 <span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Book”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”longDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”structuralNavigation”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”MathML”/> … Page 20
  21. 21. Application to Books Part 2 <meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=DAISY_TEXT_ONLY"/> <meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=BRF"/> … Page 21
  22. 22. Application to Books Part 3 <div class="adaptationLinks”> <span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book"> <meta itemprop="isAdaptationOf" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/browse/book/679044"/> <meta itemprop="bookFormat" content="EBook"/> <meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/> <meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="structuralNavigation"/> <meta itemprop="encodingFormat" content="MP3"/> <meta itemprop="encodingFormat" content="Audio"/> <a itemprop="url" href="https://someurl">Audio</a> </span> Page 22
  23. 23. The End Result Search for “history” titles on Bookshare and filter by presence of image descriptions: http://www.a11ymetadata.org/bookshare-tags-over-195000-titles-with-accessibilitymetadata/ Page 23
  24. 24. Application to Web Pages <div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Blog”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”alternativeText”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”longDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”displayTransformability”/> BLOG CONTENT HERE </div> Page 24
  25. 25. Application to Video <div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Movie”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”auditory”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”audioDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”captions”/> YOUR VIDEO HTML CODE HERE </div> Page 25
  26. 26. Video Search Can Be Fixed ●  ●  ●  Closed-captioned search limited to YouTube domain https://www.google.com/search?q=site:archive.org +%22Dame+Tartine%22&tbm=vid&tbs=cc:1 Should also be extended to audio description Page 26
  27. 27. Application to Images <span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/ ImageObject”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”tactile”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”auditory”/> <meta itemprop=”mediafeature” content=”tactileGraphic”/> <meta itemprop="mediafeature" content="braille"/> <meta itemprop="learningResourceType" content="illustration" /> <meta itemprop="typicalAgeRange" content="15-16" /> IMAGE HTML MARKUP HERE </span> Page 27
  28. 28. Adoption Status ●  In active discussion with Schema.org reps ●  Bookshare book detail pages are tagged ●  Learning Registry integration with Free.Ed.gov –  Bookshare and Khan Academy videos ●  EPUB 3.0.1 support Schema.org metadata –  which includes LRMI and soon accessibility properties ●  In discussions with eBook publishers and distributors –  integration with Document Accessibility Profiles (DAP) ●  Exploring use for accessible image registry Page 28
  29. 29. Upcoming Filters for Free.Ed.Gov Page 29
  30. 30. Resources and Contact Info ●  http://schema.org http://lrmi.net ●  http://a11ymetadata.org ●  http://bornaccessible.org ●  Gerardo Capiel, gerardoc@benetech.org @gcapiel Michael Jay, michael@edusystemics.com @edReflector Project Twitter Hashtags: #LRMI #a11ymetadata Page 30

×