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Chankaya; The Management Guru


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Chankaya; The Management Guru

  1. 1. chanakya
  2. 2. About chanakya Chanakya, also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, was born inPataliputra, Magadh (modern Bihar), and later moved to Taxila, inGandhar province(now in Pakistan). He was a professor (acharya) ofpolitical science at the Takshashila University and later the PrimeMinister of the Emperor Chandragupta Maurya. He is regarded asone of the earliest known political thinkers, economists and king-makers. He was the man to envision the first Indian empire byunification of the then numerous kingdoms in the Indian sub-continent and provide the impetus for fights against the Greekconqueror Alexander.
  3. 3. Identity He is generally called Chanakya,but, in his capacity as author of theArthashastra, is generally referred to as Kautilya. The Arthashastraidentifies its author by the name Kautilya,except for one verse whichrefers to him by the name Vishnugupta.One of the earliest Sanskritliterature to explicitly identify Chanakya with Vishnugupta was VishnuSarmas Panchatantra in the 3rd century BC
  4. 4. Legend Thomas R. Trautmann (An American historian & holds a Ph.D. fromthe University of London. His studies focus on Ancient India and othersubjects. )lists the following elements as common to different forms ofthe Chanakya legend : Chanakya was born with a complete set of teeth, a sign that he wouldbecome king, which is inappropriate for a Brahmin like Chanakya.Chāṇakyas teeth were therefore broken and it was prophesied that hewill rule through another. The Nanda King throws Chanakya out of his court, promptingChanakya to swear revenge. Chānakya searches for one worthy for him to rule through. Chanakyaencounters a young Chandragupta Maurya who is a born leader even as achild.
  5. 5. Chanakyas initial attempt to overthrow Nanda fails, whereupon hecomes across a mother scolding her child for burning himself by eatingfrom the middle of a bun or bowl of porridge rather than the cooler edge.Chanakya realizes his initial strategic error and, instead of attacking theheart of Nanda territory, slowly chips away at its edges. Chanakya changed his alliance with the mountain king Parvata due tohis obstinance and non adherence to the principles of treaty as agreed . Chanakya enlists the services of a fanatical weaver to rid the kingdomof rebels. Chānakya adds poison to the food eaten by Chandragupta, now king,in order to make him immune. Unaware, Chandragupta feeds some of hisfood to his queen, who is in her ninth month of pregnancy. In order tosave the heir to the throne, Chanakya cuts the queen open and extractsthe fetus, who is named Bindusāra because he was touched by a drop(bindu) of blood or of poison. Chānakyas political rivalry with Subandhu leads to his death.
  6. 6. Some quotes from Chankya niti "A person should not be too honest. Straight trees are cut first andhonest people are screwed first.“ "Even if a snake is not poisonous, it should pretend to be venomous." "The biggest guru-mantra is: Never share your secrets with anybody.It will destroy you." "There is some self-interest behind every friendship. There is nofriendship without self-interests. This is a bitter truth."
  7. 7. "Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions -Why am I doing it, What the results might be and Will I be successful.Only when you think deeply and find satisfactory answers to thesequestions, go ahead." "As soon as the fear approaches near, attack and destroy it.“ "The worlds biggest power is the youth and beauty of a woman." "Once you start a working on something, dont be afraid of failure anddont abandon it. People who work sincerely are the happiest."Chanakya quotes (Indian politician,strategist and writer, 350 BC-275BC)
  8. 8. Meaning of “common sense” by chanakya Taking the two words "common sense" right up to their highestlevel,he has written: "Mans glory is in common sense, Dictating us the grace, That man is made to live and love The beauteous Heavens embrace"
  9. 9. WorksTwo books are attributed to Chanakya: Arthashastra and Nitishastrawhich is also know as Chanakya Niti. The Arthashastra discussesmonetary and fiscal policies, welfare, international relations, and warstrategies in detail. Nitishastra is a treatise on the ideal way of life, andshows Chanakyas in depth study of the Indian way of life.
  10. 10. Death of Chanakya Chanakya lived to ripe old age and died around 283 BC and wascremated by his grandson/disciple Radhagupta who succeeded RakshasaKatyayan (great-grand son of Prabuddha Katyayan, who attained Nirvanaduring the same period as Gautam Budhha) as Prime Minister of theMaurya Empire and was instrumental in backing Ashoka to the throne.There were three non-traditional belief paths in society those days, Jaina,Buddhist and Ajivaka. Ajivaka practising Chanakya brought about thedownfall of the Jaina Nandas and their coterie of Jaina ministers.(Chanakya s uncle was Jain, too, and a group of Jains backed Chanakya inhis political machinations). Later on, Chandragupta Maurya took Jainismon abdicating his throne which passed to his Son Bindusara who was anAjivaka. Even Ashoka was practising
  11. 11. Ajivaka who before accession to throne became Buddhist. Bindusara wasborn before his father ever became Emperor so the below legend isdefinitely not true. Ashokas daughter was married in 265 BC and his sonKunala was 18 years of age in 269 BC which means that even the princesmarried early, Ashoka was born 310 BC and Bindusara around 330 BC.Bindusara means one who encompasses all that is need to be known.
  12. 12. MediaTelevision series Chanakya portrayed the biography of Chanakya.
  13. 13. In modern IndiaThe diplomatic enclave in New Delhi is named Chanakyapuri in honourof Chanakya.
  14. 14. Chanakya: He will always beRemembered as a Great Politicsand Education Guru (Master) ofIndia…