What made India vulnerable to colonization?
What were the British interested in India?
What made India vulnerable
Beginning of the fall of the Mughal
Empire in 1707
In 1757, the East India Company allied
with France and led troops into India,
From 1858 onwards, East India Company
would be the dominating force in India.
Battle of Plassey, where the
East India Company was
victorious over Indian
British Expansion in India
What were British interests
India was a wealth for raw materials
(plantation crops, mostly) and natural
resources that could be sold by the British
or used in factories/production.
Large population (300 million) could be a
lucrative market for British goods.
Effects of British Troops
Effects on Caste System
British troops ended local warfare
British troops cleared central India of bandits
Caste system outlawed.
Sanitation and public health improved.
Schools and colleges were founded
Increase in literacy
Example: Britain laid the world’s 3rd
largest railroad network in India.
Evolution of railroads in India.
A British-laid train station
photographed in modern India.
Britain’s policies forced India to produce raw materials for
Britain and to buy British goods.
British imports into India were cheaper than India’s local
products, hindering local production and increasing
India’s reliance on Britain.
Emphasis on cash corps=famines in 1800s.
Thousands killed, both Indian and British
Indian competition with British goods was prohibited.
Example: India’s handloom textile industry almost put
out-of-business by the forced importation of British
Railroads ultimately helped India to develop a
Given a foothold in world trade
Many Indians speak English.
Over time, a modern road network, telephone lines,
telegraph lines, bridges, and irrigation canals
encouraged India’s modernization.
India’s relationship with Britain connected it to the
modern world even after colonization.
Led to Indian nationalism, unifying the country.
Loss of self-sufficiency.
Many sovereign Indian kingdoms destroyed
India was divided several different times in different
ways that spurned acts of terrorism.
Example: 1905-Partitionof Bengal
Hindu section and Muslim section
Maps depicting percentages of
Hindus and Muslims. Some
areas overlap, showing why the
Bengal partition didn’t work
and led to conflicts.
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Hayman, Francis. Lord Clive meeting with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey. 1762. Painting.
HistoryToday. Web. 9 Feb 2014.
Kanick, T. "Positive and Negative Effects of British Imperialism in India.”
Period73Imperialism10. Tangient LLC. Web. 9 Feb 2014.
McCurry, Steve. Train Station, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. 2010. Photograph. Steve McCurr'ys
BlogWeb. 9 Feb 2014.
RM, . Growth of British Power in India. N.d. Map. TalkTalkWeb. 9 Feb 2014.
Sepoy Rebellion. 2010. Photograph. UNCWeb. 9 Feb 2014.