Lauren Farrington, APWH: Indian Colonization


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Effects of British Colonization on India

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Lauren Farrington, APWH: Indian Colonization

  1. 1. By: Lauren Farrington APWH Unit 21 PBA
  2. 2. What made India vulnerable to colonization? What were the British interested in India?
  3. 3. What made India vulnerable to colonization?  Beginning of the fall of the Mughal Empire in 1707 In 1757, the East India Company allied with France and led troops into India, ultimately winning. From 1858 onwards, East India Company would be the dominating force in India.
  4. 4. Continued  Battle of Plassey, where the East India Company was victorious over Indian troops. British Expansion in India
  5. 5. What were British interests in India?   India was a wealth for raw materials (plantation crops, mostly) and natural resources that could be sold by the British or used in factories/production.  Large population (300 million) could be a lucrative market for British goods.
  6. 6. Effects of British Troops Effects on Caste System
  7. 7. Positive  British troops ended local warfare British troops cleared central India of bandits Caste system outlawed. Sanitation and public health improved. Schools and colleges were founded Increase in literacy New technology Example: Britain laid the world’s 3rd largest railroad network in India.
  8. 8. Continued  Evolution of railroads in India. A British-laid train station photographed in modern India.
  9. 9. Negative   Britain’s policies forced India to produce raw materials for Britain and to buy British goods.  British imports into India were cheaper than India’s local products, hindering local production and increasing India’s reliance on Britain.  Emphasis on cash corps=famines in 1800s.  Sepoy Rebellion  Thousands killed, both Indian and British  Indian competition with British goods was prohibited.  Example: India’s handloom textile industry almost put out-of-business by the forced importation of British textiles.
  10. 10. Continued   Sepoy Rebellion
  11. 11. Positive Negative
  12. 12. Positive   Railroads ultimately helped India to develop a modern economy  Given a foothold in world trade  Many Indians speak English.  Over time, a modern road network, telephone lines, telegraph lines, bridges, and irrigation canals encouraged India’s modernization.  India’s relationship with Britain connected it to the modern world even after colonization.  Led to Indian nationalism, unifying the country.
  13. 13. Negative   Loss of self-sufficiency.  Many sovereign Indian kingdoms destroyed  India was divided several different times in different ways that spurned acts of terrorism.  Example: 1905-Partitionof Bengal  Hindu section and Muslim section Maps depicting percentages of Hindus and Muslims. Some areas overlap, showing why the Bengal partition didn’t work and led to conflicts.
  14. 14., . "British Imperialism in India." Riverside Local School District. ClassZone. Web. 9 Feb 2014. Bartholomew, John George. Prevailing Religions of the British Indian Empire, 1909: Hindus. 1909. Map. Wikipedia, Oxford. Web. 9 Feb 2014. Donaldson, Dave. The Evolution of India's Railroad Network, 1869-1930. 2010. Graphic. National Bureau of Economic ResearchWeb. 9 Feb 2014. Hayman, Francis. Lord Clive meeting with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey. 1762. Painting. HistoryToday. Web. 9 Feb 2014. Kanick, T. "Positive and Negative Effects of British Imperialism in India.” Period73Imperialism10. Tangient LLC. Web. 9 Feb 2014. McCurry, Steve. Train Station, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. 2010. Photograph. Steve McCurr'ys BlogWeb. 9 Feb 2014. RM, . Growth of British Power in India. N.d. Map. TalkTalkWeb. 9 Feb 2014. Sepoy Rebellion. 2010. Photograph. UNCWeb. 9 Feb 2014.