OPEN DATA:
POLICY AND
DEVELOPMENTS
MARTIN ALVAREZ-ESPINAR
EREG ANNUAL CONFERENCE 2014 – HELSINKI
Neelie Kroes, Vice-President of the EC. Responsible for the Digital Agenda for Europe
DATA IS CRUCIAL NOWADAYS
http://euro...
SOME
GROUNDS
OPEN DATA:
POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
DIGITAL AGENDA FOR
EUROPE
Pillar 1. Digital Single Market
Action 3: Open up public data resources for re-use
Why?
• Public...
Encourages the Member
States to make as much
information held by public
sector bodies available for
reuse as possible
http...
REVISION OF THE PSI
DIRECTIVE (2013/37/EU)
Creation of a genuine right to re-use public
information: all generally accessi...
ACTIONS
OPEN DATA:
POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
ACTION 3: OPEN UP
PUBLIC DATA
Ongoing Actions:
• Awareness-raising and promotional activities
• Networking across Europe t...
Information from Institutions and other bodies of the European Union (EU)
EU OPEN DATA PORTAL
http://open-data.europa.eu
Funded by the European Commission
Europe's One-Stop Shop on PSI Re-use
• News, happenings
• Best practices
• Engaging the ...
Status of PSI in EU28
PSI SCOREBOARD
http://www.epsiplatform.eu/content/european-psi-scoreboard
EC’s funded Thematic Network
40 Partners
25 Countries
1. Identification of best practices
2. Harmonise the implementation
...
120+ Official Open Data Initiatives in Europe
#OPENDATA: MORE THAN A TREND
http://datos.fundacionctic.org/sandbox/catalog/
Governments committed to openness
A CHANGE IN GOVERNANCE
http://www.flickr.com/photos/duncan/3142128696/
WHY?
OPEN DATA:
POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
Opening information to increase trust
OPEN (BETTER) GOVERNMENTS
http://www.flickr.com/photos/restricteddata/6322624283/
Innovation
Effectiveness
Productivity
Organizations (public & private) with limited
resources looking for…
WHY OPEN DATA A...
BENEFITS
BENEFITS
BENEFITS
BENEFITS
BENEFITS
BENEFITS
BENEFITS
BENEFITS
BUT, HOW?
OPEN DATA:
POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
DATA
Open Data by Default
• Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information
• Action Plan ...
Open Data by Default
• Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information
• Action Plan ...
Open Data by Default
• Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information
• Action Plan ...
Open Data by Default
• Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information
• Action Plan ...
Open Data by Default
• Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information
• Action Plan ...
LOTS OF
GOOD
EXAMPLES
OPEN DATA:
POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
Public Transport accessibility maps + timing [+ properties]
WHERE TO BUY/RENT A PROPERTY?
https://mapumental.com
New products, visualizations, services, apps…
APPEALING VISUALIZATIONS
http://dev.citysdk.waag.org/buildings/#52.3724,4.87...
OpenCorporates gathers (and opens) information of 80m companies in the world
ANTI-FRAUD VISUALIZATIONS
http://opencorporat...
Public transport information for citizens
REUSES FOR BASIC NEEDS
The same example in a bar in front of a bus stop
ALSO FOR BUSINESSES
http://datos.fundacionctic.org/recursos/2014/05/trans...
The same example in a bar in front of a bus stop
ALSO FOR BUSINESSES
http://datos.fundacionctic.org/recursos/2014/05/trans...
The same example, installed at public facilities
EVEN REUSED BY PUBLIC BODIES
The Duch National Museum opens artworks in CC0 (public domain)
OPEN CULTURAL RESOURCES
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl
UNEXPECTED USES
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl
PSI REUSE AS ART
http://pollen.intheair.es
Levels of different pollen in the air
(Datasets: cartography, map of trees, pol...
Developers, designers, artists will do a creative use of data
THE BEST IDEA COMES FROM OTHERS
http://www.ordnancesurvey.co...
VEHICLES,
DRIVERS,
ROADS?
OPEN DATA:
POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
Tool to visualize statistics
EUROPEAN AUTOMOBILE
MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
http://www.acea.be/statistics
OPEN THESE STATISTICS!!!
Germany
TRAFFIC STATISTICS
Spain
DRIVING LICENSES
Download as..
Driver and Vehicle Agency (on data.gov.uk)
ALL KIND OF INFORMATION IS USEFUL
Potential audience: road safety planners, insurance industry, garages, …
COMBINE WITH MORE DATA SOURCES
Also as Open Data
ACCIDENT MAPS
http://www.loftmyndir.is/k/kortasja.php
Useful for media agencies, security,…
VIDEO IN REAL-TIME
http://www.vegvesen.no/Trafikkinformasjon/Reiseinformasjon/Trafik...
Useful for advertising, insurances, car vendors
DRIVING SCHOOLS
Avoid fraud
VEHICLE INFORMATION
http://www.vegvesen.no/Kjoretoy/Eie+og+vedlikeholde/Kj%C3%B8ret%C3%B8yopplysninger
CO2 Data monitoring, Driving licenses, Vehicle registration, Vehicle mileage
registration, CoC data, Transfer and re-regis...
The best idea comes from others!!!
REMEMBER… OPEN YOUR DATA
http://visualisingmillroad.com
martin@w3.org
http://epsiplatform.eu
info@epsiplatform.eu
THANK YOU!
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Open Data in Europe: Policies and Developments

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Description of European policies, and some projects on Open Data and PSI re-use. This presentation is focused on the potential of new players such as the eReg (Association of Vehicle and Driver Registries) members. (18 June 2014)

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  • Data is relevant for everything:

    BIG data
    OPEN data
  • DA draws the ICT strategy in Europe.
    The Action 3 is focused on Open Up public data resources for reuse.
  • This directive was transposed successfully into national laws.
  • In June 2013, a revision of the Directive has been adopted by the Union legislator. Member States now have 2 years to transpose the provisions of the revised Directive into national law
  • This portal opens up information from all the European institutions.
  • There are many differences among countries but it’s clear who are more advanded at a gance.
    UK is in the top but too many in the lower part of the ranking.
  • EU Open Data Portal: https://open-data.europa.eu/en/data/
    Pan-European Open Data Portal: http://publicdata.eu/
  • More and more govs are committed to transparency
  • Why we should open data?
  • Citizens will trust open governments
  • In time of crisis industry and governments should enhance their performance.
    Making the most of public resources.
  • Openness and trust
  • Trust of citizens
  • Industry can benefit from the reuse of PSI
  • New companies can be created (startups, SMEs)
  • New services
    New products
  • Governments can share information with ofher governments easier.
  • This is another channel to enhace democracy
  • If people is watching information,
    Many eyes looking at the information.
    the more reviewers the more accuracy.
  • Why we should open data?
  • Just release and expose that information inside organizations
  • Charter on open data signed by G8 leaders to promote transparency, innovation and accountability.
    https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/207772/Open_Data_Charter.pdf
  • Charter on open data signed by G8 leaders to promote transparency, innovation and accountability.
    https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/207772/Open_Data_Charter.pdf
  • Charter on open data signed by G8 leaders to promote transparency, innovation and accountability.
    https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/207772/Open_Data_Charter.pdf
  • Charter on open data signed by G8 leaders to promote transparency, innovation and accountability.
    https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/207772/Open_Data_Charter.pdf
  • Charter on open data signed by G8 leaders to promote transparency, innovation and accountability.
    https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/207772/Open_Data_Charter.pdf

    Principle 5 is important for other governments
  • Map of Amsterdam showing blocks of buildings in different colors
  • Companies linked by their connections represented on a map.
    In yellow, Caiman Island
  • Examples of City of Gijón that exposed public transport data, that can be used by citizens
  • Customers can wait for the bus inside the cafe
  • Even tatoos with art works
  • OS OpenData Minecraft  22 Billion blocks
  • Can we open this kind of information?
  • The Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) is the first state transportation agency in the United States to ink a deal with Strava, a leading website and smartphone app used by people to track their bike rides via GPS.

    Last fall, the agency paid $20,000 for one-year license of a dataset that includes the activities of about 17,700
  • The Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) is the first state transportation agency in the United States to ink a deal with Strava, a leading website and smartphone app used by people to track their bike rides via GPS.

    Last fall, the agency paid $20,000 for one-year license of a dataset that includes the activities of about 17,700
  • Open Data in Europe: Policies and Developments

    1. 1. OPEN DATA: POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS MARTIN ALVAREZ-ESPINAR EREG ANNUAL CONFERENCE 2014 – HELSINKI
    2. 2. Neelie Kroes, Vice-President of the EC. Responsible for the Digital Agenda for Europe DATA IS CRUCIAL NOWADAYS http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_SPEECH-12-149_en.htm http://www.flickr.com/photos/ter-burg/3987168813/ “data is the new oil for the digital age”
    3. 3. SOME GROUNDS OPEN DATA: POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
    4. 4. DIGITAL AGENDA FOR EUROPE Pillar 1. Digital Single Market Action 3: Open up public data resources for re-use Why? • Public Sector Information is one of the single largest sources of information in Europe. • Estimated market value is €32 billion One of the objectives: Amendment of Directive 2003/98/EC on Public Sector Information (PSI) Reuse (Directive 2013/37/EU)
    5. 5. Encourages the Member States to make as much information held by public sector bodies available for reuse as possible http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/european-legislation-reuse-public-sector-information Directive 2003/98/EC DIRECTIVE ON THE RE-USE OF PSI
    6. 6. REVISION OF THE PSI DIRECTIVE (2013/37/EU) Creation of a genuine right to re-use public information: all generally accessible information will become re-usable (even for commercial purposes) Only some public bodies are excluded Firstly, national rules may exclude access to sensitive information (e.g., personal information, national security, defence, public security, statistical and commercial confidentiality) To be transposed into national laws by July 2015
    7. 7. ACTIONS OPEN DATA: POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
    8. 8. ACTION 3: OPEN UP PUBLIC DATA Ongoing Actions: • Awareness-raising and promotional activities • Networking across Europe to further stimulation (ePSI Platform, Member States, PSI Alliance, industrial associations, developers and open data communities) • Bilateral and multilateral discussions with the MSs • Elaboration of a set of guidelines on Open Data and the re-use of PSI
    9. 9. Information from Institutions and other bodies of the European Union (EU) EU OPEN DATA PORTAL http://open-data.europa.eu
    10. 10. Funded by the European Commission Europe's One-Stop Shop on PSI Re-use • News, happenings • Best practices • Engaging the community European Public Sector Information Platform EPSI PLATFORM
    11. 11. Status of PSI in EU28 PSI SCOREBOARD http://www.epsiplatform.eu/content/european-psi-scoreboard
    12. 12. EC’s funded Thematic Network 40 Partners 25 Countries 1. Identification of best practices 2. Harmonise the implementation of the Revised PSI Directive https://www.w3.org/2013/share-psi/ Shared Standards for Open Data and Public Sector Information SHARE PSI 2.0
    13. 13. 120+ Official Open Data Initiatives in Europe #OPENDATA: MORE THAN A TREND http://datos.fundacionctic.org/sandbox/catalog/
    14. 14. Governments committed to openness A CHANGE IN GOVERNANCE http://www.flickr.com/photos/duncan/3142128696/
    15. 15. WHY? OPEN DATA: POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
    16. 16. Opening information to increase trust OPEN (BETTER) GOVERNMENTS http://www.flickr.com/photos/restricteddata/6322624283/
    17. 17. Innovation Effectiveness Productivity Organizations (public & private) with limited resources looking for… WHY OPEN DATA AND PSI RE-USE?
    18. 18. BENEFITS
    19. 19. BENEFITS
    20. 20. BENEFITS
    21. 21. BENEFITS
    22. 22. BENEFITS
    23. 23. BENEFITS
    24. 24. BENEFITS
    25. 25. BENEFITS
    26. 26. BUT, HOW? OPEN DATA: POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
    27. 27. DATA
    28. 28. Open Data by Default • Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information • Action Plan + Open Data portal Quality and Quantity • Timely, comprehensive, accurate, original, finest level of granularity • Publication of consistent metadata + active listening Usable by All • Free of charge, no bureaucratic or administrative barriers • Publication in open and non-proprietary formats Releasing Data for Improved Governance • Transparent about our own data collection, standards, and publishing processes • Publication of technical details about open data policies, practices, etc. Releasing Data for Innovation • Open data promotion to unlock its value • Publication under open licences, machine-readable formats. Challenges, prizes. Basic Principles: G8 OPEN DATA CHAPTER EU implementation of the G8 Open Data Charter
    29. 29. Open Data by Default • Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information • Action Plan + Open Data portal Quality and Quantity • Timely, comprehensive, accurate, original, finest level of granularity • Publication of consistent metadata + active listening Usable by All • Free of charge, no bureaucratic or administrative barriers • Publication in open and non-proprietary formats Releasing Data for Improved Governance • Transparent about our own data collection, standards, and publishing processes • Publication of technical details about open data policies, practices, etc. Releasing Data for Innovation • Open data promotion to unlock its value • Publication under open licences, machine-readable formats. Challenges, prizes. Basic Principles: G8 OPEN DATA CHAPTER EU implementation of the G8 Open Data Charter
    30. 30. Open Data by Default • Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information • Action Plan + Open Data portal Quality and Quantity • Timely, comprehensive, accurate, original, finest level of granularity • Publication of consistent metadata + active listening Usable by All • Free of charge, no bureaucratic or administrative barriers • Publication in open and non-proprietary formats Releasing Data for Improved Governance • Transparent about our own data collection, standards, and publishing processes • Publication of technical details about open data policies, practices, etc. Releasing Data for Innovation • Open data promotion to unlock its value • Publication under open licences, machine-readable formats. Challenges, prizes. Basic Principles: G8 OPEN DATA CHAPTER EU implementation of the G8 Open Data Charter
    31. 31. Open Data by Default • Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information • Action Plan + Open Data portal Quality and Quantity • Timely, comprehensive, accurate, original, finest level of granularity • Publication of consistent metadata + active listening Usable by All • Free of charge, no bureaucratic or administrative barriers • Publication in open and non-proprietary formats Releasing Data for Innovation • Open data promotion to unlock its value • Publication under open licences, machine-readable formats. Challenges, prizes. Releasing Data for Improved Governance • Transparent about our own data collection, standards, and publishing processes • Publication of technical details about open data policies, practices, etc. Basic Principles: G8 OPEN DATA CHAPTER EU implementation of the G8 Open Data Charter
    32. 32. Open Data by Default • Exceptions: intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information • Action Plan + Open Data portal Quality and Quantity • Timely, comprehensive, accurate, original, finest level of granularity • Publication of consistent metadata + active listening Usable by All • Free of charge, no bureaucratic or administrative barriers • Publication in open and non-proprietary formats Releasing Data for Innovation • Open data promotion to unlock its value • Publication under open licences, machine-readable formats. Challenges, prizes. Releasing Data for Improved Governance • Transparent about our own data collection, standards, and publishing processes • Publication of technical details about open data policies, practices, etc. Basic Principles: G8 OPEN DATA CHAPTER EU implementation of the G8 Open Data Charter
    33. 33. LOTS OF GOOD EXAMPLES OPEN DATA: POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
    34. 34. Public Transport accessibility maps + timing [+ properties] WHERE TO BUY/RENT A PROPERTY? https://mapumental.com
    35. 35. New products, visualizations, services, apps… APPEALING VISUALIZATIONS http://dev.citysdk.waag.org/buildings/#52.3724,4.8774,14
    36. 36. OpenCorporates gathers (and opens) information of 80m companies in the world ANTI-FRAUD VISUALIZATIONS http://opencorporates.com/viz/financial/index.html#goldman/ky
    37. 37. Public transport information for citizens REUSES FOR BASIC NEEDS
    38. 38. The same example in a bar in front of a bus stop ALSO FOR BUSINESSES http://datos.fundacionctic.org/recursos/2014/05/transport_gijon_sharepsi.pdf
    39. 39. The same example in a bar in front of a bus stop ALSO FOR BUSINESSES http://datos.fundacionctic.org/recursos/2014/05/transport_gijon_sharepsi.pdf
    40. 40. The same example, installed at public facilities EVEN REUSED BY PUBLIC BODIES
    41. 41. The Duch National Museum opens artworks in CC0 (public domain) OPEN CULTURAL RESOURCES https://www.rijksmuseum.nl
    42. 42. UNEXPECTED USES https://www.rijksmuseum.nl
    43. 43. PSI REUSE AS ART http://pollen.intheair.es Levels of different pollen in the air (Datasets: cartography, map of trees, pollen statistics)
    44. 44. Developers, designers, artists will do a creative use of data THE BEST IDEA COMES FROM OTHERS http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/innovate/developers/minecraft-map-britain.html
    45. 45. VEHICLES, DRIVERS, ROADS? OPEN DATA: POLICY AND DEVELOPMENTS
    46. 46. Tool to visualize statistics EUROPEAN AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION http://www.acea.be/statistics
    47. 47. OPEN THESE STATISTICS!!!
    48. 48. Germany TRAFFIC STATISTICS
    49. 49. Spain DRIVING LICENSES Download as..
    50. 50. Driver and Vehicle Agency (on data.gov.uk) ALL KIND OF INFORMATION IS USEFUL
    51. 51. Potential audience: road safety planners, insurance industry, garages, … COMBINE WITH MORE DATA SOURCES
    52. 52. Also as Open Data ACCIDENT MAPS http://www.loftmyndir.is/k/kortasja.php
    53. 53. Useful for media agencies, security,… VIDEO IN REAL-TIME http://www.vegvesen.no/Trafikkinformasjon/Reiseinformasjon/Trafikkmeldinger/Webkamera?WT.ac=knapp_forside_webkamera
    54. 54. Useful for advertising, insurances, car vendors DRIVING SCHOOLS
    55. 55. Avoid fraud VEHICLE INFORMATION http://www.vegvesen.no/Kjoretoy/Eie+og+vedlikeholde/Kj%C3%B8ret%C3%B8yopplysninger
    56. 56. CO2 Data monitoring, Driving licenses, Vehicle registration, Vehicle mileage registration, CoC data, Transfer and re-registration of vehicles MANY OPPORTUNITIES OUT THERE https://www.flickr.com/photos/vshioshvili/1329917204/
    57. 57. The best idea comes from others!!! REMEMBER… OPEN YOUR DATA http://visualisingmillroad.com
    58. 58. martin@w3.org http://epsiplatform.eu info@epsiplatform.eu THANK YOU!

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