Job Search Strategiesfor International Students PRESENTED BY: CAREER SERVICES ADRIANA HALL
Career Services International Job Searchhttp://www.erau.edu/career/resources/internationals earch.html
IntroductionAs the world becomes smaller with the globalization ofmarkets, there are an increasing number of international students on campuses throughout the U.S.International students seeking employment in the U.S. have unique and different challenges to overcome.
Work Authorization (CPT) An F– 1 student may be authorized to participate in acurricular practical training program that is an integral part of an established curriculum (Co-op/Internships)
Work Authorization (OPT)F-1 visas are eligible to work full-time for one year after they graduate as part of their "practical training". Practical training(OPT) is considered an opportunity for students to gain experience beforereturning to their home countries and is intended to be temporary
Work Authorization (OPT)-cont. (OPT) is temporary employment that is related to an F-1 student’s major area of study. An F-1 student could be authorized to receive up to a total of 12 months of practical training Students must apply 60 days prior of graduation ERAU/DSO: Eileen Hamme (Eileen.Hamme@erau.edu)
Work Authorization (OPT)-cont. After international students complete practical training, employers must sponsor them to obtain an H1-B visa, which allows them to work in the United States for one to six additional years. Sponsorship involves: Petitioning the government for an H1-B visa Obtaining approval from the U.S. Department of Labor Hiring a lawyer Absorbing some fees
Hiring complexities The major obstacle international candidates face is the employment restrictions imposed by the U.S. Immigration Many employers find it easier and cost effective to simply hire an American citizen or permanent resident Many employers are required by law to hire only U.S. citizens because security clearances
Economic ConditionsThe job market can be greatly affected by a downturn economy, competition for jobs increases while creating a surplus of candidates. This increase allows employers to be more selective in the hiring process
Elements of the job search Build your resume, cover letter or curriculum vitae Research organizations for which you want to work (Look for those companies that have recruited international students or have a multi-national presence) Make sure you are knowledgeable about immigration laws and procedures
Elements of the job search-cont. Participate in Career Services presentation On-campus company visits Industry/Career Expo Co-op/internship program Network Be aware of country regulations, work authorizations, bilateral country work agreements
How to navigate the job market Network Master the English language Adjust to new employment practices Convince the U.S employer of your value Look for those U.S employers with operations in foreign countries. (language proficient and knowledge of cultural practices) Look for opportunities through coursework, campus jobs, volunteer opportunities, internships
Network"knowing the right people" is more important than ever. So the ability to develop and maintain a broad network of "business friendships" How to network: Build a network of partners to keep an open eye and ear for new opportunities for you Highlight the people who work in industries or jobs related to the type of job you are looking for Update your social network profile ( LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter) Talk to everyone you know about opportunities and your career goals Know which contacts to build into network partners Network with professors, neighbors, friends, relatives, religious gatherings"Networking isnt just something you do when youre looking for a job,“ "If you help people out whenever you can, those favors will come back to you when you need them."
Tackling the Hiring Process Become familiar with the immigration process so you can more easily speak to employers about it Avoid applying to job opportunities in the United States within the government, defense and space industries Seek out global companies and companies in your home country Customize resumes to the country you are applying to (see sample CVs/resumes on Going Global) Network with classmates, faculty, employers, family and friends to find additional employment opportunities
What Employers Look For Employers seek well-rounded candidates who can demonstrate that they will positively contribute to their company. They look for strong candidates who demonstrate a good academic record, relevant experiences (such as co-op/internships, research, course projects) and involvement in extracurricular activities Candidates that are interested in their company location
Ethical Responsibilities and Behavior Market Yourself Positively. Remember you represent yourself, your school and your country Interpretation of ethical standards can vary from country to country, familiarize yourself with different cultures and their expectations of professional behavior
Resources & Links Going Global (available via the EagleHire Network) The Going Global Country Career Guides provide professional advice and insider tips for 24 countries on such topics as employment trends, recruiters, staffing agencies, work permit regulations, salary ranges, resume writing guidelines, professional and trade associations, and cultural advice. Aviation Weekly Intelligence Network/World Aerospace Database (available via the Career Services Blackboard Organization) Company database that allows you to search for employers by areas of the industry. Visit the Embry-Riddle’s Alumni Relations Office.
Resources & Links (cont.)Visa Information My Visa Jobs.com – Searchable database of work visas granted by employers in the United States. You can search by industry, state and more. H1VisaJobs.com - Online database of American employers for international professionals. Foreign Labor Certification Data Center - Information on work visas granted by employers in the United States. Note: If you download the Access file, you can sort by location, employer name, type of position they hired through the H1-B visa, prevailing wages, etc. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration services USCIS
CSO Services & Resources Career Services Website www.erau.edu/career Co-op/Internship search tips and resources Registration of internship/co-op for course credit (government requirement to obtain work authorization) Resume and cover letter writing assistance EagleHire Network (job/internship listings) Full-time job search tips and resources Interview tips and mock interviews (perfect interview) Annual Industry/Career Expo Fall & Spring Virtual Hiring Events
The Career Services OfficeC Building, Room 408Office Hours: Monday - Friday, 8:00am - 5:00pmOffice: (386) 226-6054E-mail: email@example.com