Welcome to Italy
Italy:  An Overview <ul><li>History stretches back nearly 3,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Home to Europe’s greatest empire:...
Ancient Rome <ul><li>The city of Rome was built in the 700s BC. </li></ul><ul><li>Legend says that a man name Romulus foun...
Roman Conquest <ul><li>Rome grew to control nearly all the land around the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Referr...
 
How did Rome conquer? <ul><li>Rome had a very organized army. </li></ul><ul><li>The army borrowed ideas and weapons from o...
Roman Fighting Technology Phalanx : Locked shields together, first few rows would project spears out. This created a shiel...
Roman Soldier Uniform Roman Helmet
Roman Culture <ul><li>Influenced by the Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Included a social hierarchy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patri...
More culture.... <ul><li>Pater familias – same family structure in all classes (male head of household). </li></ul><ul><li...
The Colosseum <ul><li>Arena built to entertain citizens of Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Held events like:  chariot races and gl...
Roman Contributions <ul><li>Paved roads  – First paved roads; helped to connect empire for trade and defense. </li></ul><u...
All roads lead to Rome <ul><li>Empire was large and included paved roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people believed that all ...
Aqueduct
Roman Republic <ul><li>For a brief time, Rome was a republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Republic is a form of government that has ...
Christianity in Rome <ul><li>Jesus spread the word of God in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus was crucified by Romans who bel...
Emperor Constantine  <ul><li>In 313 AD, Emperor Constantine became Christian. </li></ul><ul><li>Issued the  Edict of Milan...
The Fall of Rome.  <ul><li>Rome collapsed in 400 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>The collapse was brought on by many things but incl...
The Renaissance <ul><li>Began in cities like Florence in the 1300s. </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted from about 1350 through the 1...
 
Unified Italy <ul><li>Italy became a unified kingdom in 1861. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1920s, under Mussolini, it became a...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Lesson 2 Italian History

1,340 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,340
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Lesson 2 Italian History

  1. 1. Welcome to Italy
  2. 2. Italy: An Overview <ul><li>History stretches back nearly 3,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Home to Europe’s greatest empire: Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>People today owe their ideas about art, government, law, and language to Italy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ancient Rome <ul><li>The city of Rome was built in the 700s BC. </li></ul><ul><li>Legend says that a man name Romulus founded Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome began to conquer its neighbor and build an empire. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Roman Conquest <ul><li>Rome grew to control nearly all the land around the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Referred to the Mediterranean as “Rome’s lake.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>At its height, conquered and controlled all of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretched from Britain to the Persian Gulf. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. How did Rome conquer? <ul><li>Rome had a very organized army. </li></ul><ul><li>The army borrowed ideas and weapons from other civilizations (phalanx – fighting formation). </li></ul><ul><li>Used new fighting methods and adopted javelins, siege towers, and catapults. </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers had protective uniforms and armor. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Roman Fighting Technology Phalanx : Locked shields together, first few rows would project spears out. This created a shield wall and made frontal assaults by an enemy difficult. Siege Tower Catapult
  7. 8. Roman Soldier Uniform Roman Helmet
  8. 9. Roman Culture <ul><li>Influenced by the Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Included a social hierarchy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patricians – upper class (nobles and wealthy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plebeians – lower class (everyone but nobility) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. More culture.... <ul><li>Pater familias – same family structure in all classes (male head of household). </li></ul><ul><li>Religion – Borrowed Greek gods (renamed them) </li></ul><ul><li>Language – Latin </li></ul><ul><li>Forum – the main marketplace and business center that people would visit to shop or listen to some public speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Education – for wealthy children </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Colosseum <ul><li>Arena built to entertain citizens of Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Held events like: chariot races and gladiator fights. </li></ul><ul><li>Gladiator fights were the most popular event. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The gladiators were professional fighters who battled for sport or for their freedom. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Roman Contributions <ul><li>Paved roads – First paved roads; helped to connect empire for trade and defense. </li></ul><ul><li>Aqueducts -- Structures built to carry water to Roman towns. </li></ul><ul><li>Census – Population count of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Rome was first to use concrete in buildings. </li></ul>
  12. 13. All roads lead to Rome <ul><li>Empire was large and included paved roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people believed that all roads led to Rome. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even if they did travel for a long distance, they never made it out of the Roman Empire. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Aqueduct
  14. 15. Roman Republic <ul><li>For a brief time, Rome was a republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Republic is a form of government that has the people elect representatives to make laws. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United States has this type of government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic Republic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Christianity in Rome <ul><li>Jesus spread the word of God in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus was crucified by Romans who believed he was a threat to their power. </li></ul><ul><li>The message of Jesus was then carried by apostles throughout the Roman empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome did not like Christians to begin with because they refused to worship the emperor (leader) of Rome, as well as, their own God. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Emperor Constantine <ul><li>In 313 AD, Emperor Constantine became Christian. </li></ul><ul><li>Issued the Edict of Milan which made Christianity the official religion of Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity became popular and spread because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constantine embraced it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was easy to understand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave people hope </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. The Fall of Rome. <ul><li>Rome collapsed in 400 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>The collapse was brought on by many things but included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasions from barbaric tribes of people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Italy then broke into city-states. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each with its own laws, government, and army. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. The Renaissance <ul><li>Began in cities like Florence in the 1300s. </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted from about 1350 through the 1500s </li></ul><ul><li>A period of great advances in art, architecture, and literature. </li></ul><ul><li>From Italy, the Renaissance spread to other parts of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the world’s greatest works of art were created at this time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Artists included: Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. Unified Italy <ul><li>Italy became a unified kingdom in 1861. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1920s, under Mussolini, it became a dictatorship and supported the Axis powers in WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Italy is currently a democracy and power rests with the Parliament and prime minister. </li></ul>

×