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How to Run an EffectiveCitizen Science ActivityEileen Kane, Communications Director, Desert Rivers Audubon,Eileen.Kane@Des...
Citizen Science: “The systematic collection and analysis of data; development oftechnology; testing of natural phenomena; ...
in ArizonaeBird data for Lucy’s Warblersightings, South Central AZ.November-April, $15, research kit.
Running an EffectiveCitizen Science StudyMichael K. McBeathDepartment of Psychology and adjunct inNeuroscience / Kinesiolo...
Popular Misconceptions of How Science Works
Best Practices of Science Studies at Public Events1. Keep it simple, only test simple, straight hypotheses2. Pick an inter...
Definition of Science:Study of the lawful behavior of natural phenomenaStrong scientific research requires the following (...
Kissers favor leaning rightRight-Handers and Americans Favor Heading RightGüntürkün, O. (2003). Adult persistence ofhead t...
Does pre-swinging a weighted baseball batincrease bat speed at the plate?Collecting data at the SciTech/Scottsdale2012 Sci...
Best Practices of Science Studies at Public Events1. Keep it simple, only test simple, straight hypotheses2. Pick an inter...
STARTFINISH020406080ClassSkatSurvSkatBehaRandomChance27%61%76%ClassSurveySkateboardSurveySkateboardBehaviorPercent Choosin...
Route Histograms(With children’s maze scaled to match the adult size)MazeStartMazeExitRaceEnd-Line1’3’5’7’-1’-3’-5’-7’8’2’...
Difficulty Gleaning Much Without a Comparison Condition
Dr. McBeath – Certified Mad Scientist
• Allow for different levels of participation by a wide variety ofaudiences.• Grab people’s interest (plus no cost; requir...
Citizen Science andGLOBE at NightConnie WalkerNational Optical Astronomy ObservatoryTucson, AZSept 10, 2012 1AZ Science Fe...
GLOBE at Night Campaign• Citizen-scientists record the brightness of the night sky; online• Grown to five 10-day campaigns...
GLOBE at Night Websitehttp://www.globeatnight.org• 5 step citizen science program –simple to participate• Background infor...
Dark Skies EducationWorkshops, Classroom andEvening Sessions, and Kit
Overview of Survey Results fromthe GLOBE at Night Campaign• Two-thirds of the educators and 81% oftheir students made chan...
Simple Report FormCloudinessTablet/PadCellPhoneDesktop/LaptopMeasurements• are downloadable as datasets in various formats...
Educational ValueGLOBE at Night DataWith the downloadable data sets,• Compare data over time• Compare to population densit...
Projects Done by StudentsHigh school studentswith amateurastronomers fromNorman, OklahomaElementary & middleschool student...
GLOBE at Night 2013During the Arizona SciTech Festival, Arizona towns will be challenged to competein the GLOBE at Night c...
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Citizen science

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Citizen science

  1. 1. How to Run an EffectiveCitizen Science ActivityEileen Kane, Communications Director, Desert Rivers Audubon,Eileen.Kane@DesertRiversAudubon.orgMike McBeath, Department of Psychology, Arizona StateUniversity, m.m@asu.eduRobert McCord, Arizona Museum of NaturalHistory, Robert.McCord@mesaaz.govEric M. Proctor, Wildlife Education Coordinator,Arizona Game and Fish Department ,EProctor@azgfd.govConstance E. Walker, Senior Science EducationSpecialist, NOAO, cwalker@noao.eduSummer Waters, Water Resource Extension Agent,University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Maricopa County,swaters@cals.arizona.edu#CitizenScience
  2. 2. Citizen Science: “The systematic collection and analysis of data; development oftechnology; testing of natural phenomena; and the dissemination of these activitiesby researchers on a primarily avocational basis,“ or "public participation in scientificresearch.“ OpenScientist.orgOwlWatch volunteers from Desert RiversAudubon monitor the artificial urbanburrowing owl habitat installation atZanjero Park, Gilbert. Christmas BirdCount, December 14, 2012-
  3. 3. in ArizonaeBird data for Lucy’s Warblersightings, South Central AZ.November-April, $15, research kit.
  4. 4. Running an EffectiveCitizen Science StudyMichael K. McBeathDepartment of Psychology and adjunct inNeuroscience / Kinesiology / Electrical Engineering / Arts, Media, and EngineeringMike erroneouslyassumes that doing askateboarding studywill make peoplethink that he’s cool.
  5. 5. Popular Misconceptions of How Science Works
  6. 6. Best Practices of Science Studies at Public Events1. Keep it simple, only test simple, straight hypotheses2. Pick an interesting topic or no one will help facilitate3. Get permission from all institutions and participants (IRB & consent)4. Don’t compromise scientific integrity, but otherwise “go with the flow”5. Be ethical, the reputations of you, the institutions, and science are at stake
  7. 7. Definition of Science:Study of the lawful behavior of natural phenomenaStrong scientific research requires the following (OPTIC):ObservationPredictionTestingInterpretationCommunicationScience typically requires a Control Comparison“There are three types of people in the world,those that can count and those that can’t.”
  8. 8. Kissers favor leaning rightRight-Handers and Americans Favor Heading RightGüntürkün, O. (2003). Adult persistence ofhead turning asymmetry, Nature, 421, 711.Scharine, A.A. & McBeath. M.K. (2002). Right handers and Americansfavor turning to the right. Human Factors, 44(1), 248-256.Walk down aisle andindicate color of stickynote hidden at the end.Testing Kids at theRenaissance Fair
  9. 9. Does pre-swinging a weighted baseball batincrease bat speed at the plate?Collecting data at the SciTech/Scottsdale2012 Science of Baseball Festival(Richard Hinrichs and Michael McBeath)1. Volunteer subjects overwhelmingly believed theyswung faster following practice with weighted bats.2. Speedgun results indicated reliably slower initialswings following weighted bat practice (several mph).
  10. 10. Best Practices of Science Studies at Public Events1. Keep it simple, only test simple, straight hypotheses2. Pick an interesting topic or no one will help facilitate3. Get permission from all institutions and participants (IRB & consent)4. Don’t compromise scientific integrity, but otherwise “go with the flow”5. Be ethical, the reputations of you, the institutions, and science are at stake
  11. 11. STARTFINISH020406080ClassSkatSurvSkatBehaRandomChance27%61%76%ClassSurveySkateboardSurveySkateboardBehaviorPercent Choosing Correct RouteWhich route is faster, red or blue?Skateboarder Physics Study
  12. 12. Route Histograms(With children’s maze scaled to match the adult size)MazeStartMazeExitRaceEnd-Line1’3’5’7’-1’-3’-5’-7’8’2’StraightRouteMeanRouteAdultsChildren 11 AngularDeviationThese extreme cases exhibitover 50 Angular DeviationR2=0.2171024681012141601234567Series1-5 -3 -1 1 3 52 71614121086420TimetoCompletion(sec.)Maze Curvature (Deviation in Feet)Time as a Function of CurvTime minima occursat curvature 2.1’(15.0 )The optimum curvature for minimizingtask time occurs near the averagecurvature preference(Best quadratic fit for task time vs.curvature, averaging left and right maze trials)R2 = 0.297McBeath, Brimhall, Miller, &Holloway (2010). Journal ofVision, 10(7): 1021.
  13. 13. Difficulty Gleaning Much Without a Comparison Condition
  14. 14. Dr. McBeath – Certified Mad Scientist
  15. 15. • Allow for different levels of participation by a wide variety ofaudiences.• Grab people’s interest (plus no cost; require minimal time).• Be something people can feel a part of – contributing value to alarger database.• Be well-structured; easy to use, web-based to reach largeaudiences.• Provide feedback on contributed measurements (e.g, map ofworld that’s easily accessible).• Be available to multiple venues (formal & informal) & amenable todifferent types of learners.• Be evaluated regularly to know what works and what does not.A Successful CitizenScience Campaign Must…
  16. 16. Citizen Science andGLOBE at NightConnie WalkerNational Optical Astronomy ObservatoryTucson, AZSept 10, 2012 1AZ Science Festival
  17. 17. GLOBE at Night Campaign• Citizen-scientists record the brightness of the night sky; online• Grown to five 10-day campaigns/yr: Jan.-May 2013 (no Moon)• 2012: 16,850 measurements; 83,000 in 7 yrs• 2012: 92 countries participated; 115 different countries total• 2012: 40% USA; 25% Europe; 35% other• 55% have limiting magnitude 3 or 4 in 2012; trend getting brighter
  18. 18. GLOBE at Night Websitehttp://www.globeatnight.org• 5 step citizen science program –simple to participate• Background information on keyconcepts• Interactive games• Fun quizzes to check proficiency• Teacher and Family Guides in 16different languages• Postcards, flyers en español también!• Report page turn-key: web app• Map page with data in various formats• Mapping tool: map app• Facebook, Twitter, audio podcasts• Kits, scaffolded lesson plans
  19. 19. Dark Skies EducationWorkshops, Classroom andEvening Sessions, and Kit
  20. 20. Overview of Survey Results fromthe GLOBE at Night Campaign• Two-thirds of the educators and 81% oftheir students made changes in theirpersonal use of light and fixtures in theirhomes since participating in the GLOBE atNight citizen-science campaign.• Changes included…..• All but one respondent indicated thatengaging students in GLOBE at Nightincreased their understanding of lightpollution.
  21. 21. Simple Report FormCloudinessTablet/PadCellPhoneDesktop/LaptopMeasurements• are downloadable as datasets in various formats• can be examined online via Google Earth or other tools• used as the basis of research in a classroom or science fairproject or even to inform the development of public policy
  22. 22. Educational ValueGLOBE at Night DataWith the downloadable data sets,• Compare data over time• Compare to population density• Compare with photography orspectroscopy• Use in a lighting survey• Search for dark sky oases• Monitor ordinance compliance• Study effects of light pollution on– human health, animals or plants– safety, security, energyconsumption, cost Tucson, Arizona
  23. 23. Projects Done by StudentsHigh school studentswith amateurastronomers fromNorman, OklahomaElementary & middleschool students nearSouth Bend, IN
  24. 24. GLOBE at Night 2013During the Arizona SciTech Festival, Arizona towns will be challenged to competein the GLOBE at Night campaign using the “adopt-a-street” method. The Arizonatown with the most measurements gets a star party from GLOBE at Night staff.

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