outline Introduction Citizen Science: what and why Distributed computation: what and why Some of projects which use citizen science Conclusions Reference
IntroductionImagine a world where participating in science isas accepted a part of everyday life as participationin a sport is today. Many people would participatein science at various levels, each making genuinecontributions to scientific knowledge.How much more knowledge could we discover?How many more people could learn about the waythat science works and make scientific habits ofmind a part of their everyday lives?
What is Citizen Science? Citizen Science is: Data collection projects that are designed to answer a specific scientific question. • Projects can happen at any scale—local, state, national, continental • Projects generally take place over the long term tracking trends/changes over time
What is Citizen Science? Citizen Science involves two groups The sponsoring organization who: Develops the project and data collection protocol Provides training and support where needed Collects and analyzes data submitted Publishes the results in scientific journals and publications The citizen volunteer who: Collects and submits the data
The benefits of citizen science Citizen Science allows scientists to complete research projects that they could have never done without involvement of public volunteers. Citizen Science also offers immediate benefits to the volunteers who participate in it. Citizen Science also offers exciting opportunities to promote science literacy in its audience of distributed worldwide volunteers. Citizen Science could also lead to Closer connection between scientists and the public and Increase in scientific understanding and habits of mind by the public as a whole
What are Distributed Systems? A distributed system is a piece of software that ensures that: • A collection of independent computers appears to its users as a single coherent system. • Two aspects: independent computers and single system.
Advantages of distributed system • Economics. • Reliability. • Speed. • Incremental growth. • Data sharing. • Resource Sharing. • Communication. • Flexibility.
Education outreach and datacollection through “citizen science” programs
Idea of the projectThe main idea of this project is EnvironmentalMonitoring and Discovery because of themagnitude of environmental change and thepotential impacts on society .
Citizen Science in the projectNot enough scientists to get the necessarydata over broad temporal and spatial scales,therefore citizen science approach can helpthem to meet their needs throughinvolvement of local people whounderstand the local context .
Distributed system in the project Facilitate communication between scientists and volunteers to share data over the Internet (distributed networks, XML, metadata standards, ………….) Scientists can study the data collected and improve the quality of this data .
Education Combined with VolunteerSoil and Water Testing for Enhanced Natural Resource Stewardship
The goals of the projectThe key here is education:• Help individuals know more about their farm or community Through Learn the basics of soil and water cycling, how they are linked, sources of potential problems.• Learn how to perform soil and water tests, how to interpret the results.• Learn about cost-share programs, best management practices, and structures that can remediate problems.
Citizen Science in the projectto refine and extend the use of soil and water test kits for thepurpose of citizen education about water quality. The program strives to work with three main groups:• farmers/ranchers, and other rural land owners and managers.• high-school age youth and home-school science projects.• Citizens of all ages who would like to participate in community water quality monitoring efforts
Eye on Earth (EoE), Citizen Science andthe Invasive Alien Species project
The IAS projectThe project aims monitoring and surveillance ofinvasive alien species, supporting policyactivities in Europe and targets of Convention onBiological Diversity, and raising awareness ingeneral public.
Eye on Earth (EoE)two-way communication platform on the environmentwhich brings together environmental data and scientificinformation with feedback and observations of millionsof ordinary people.
Citizen Science & Distributed systemin the projectIAS monitoring based on Citizen Science and theuse of EoE as the interactive arena on which toestablish such monitoring activity
Conclusions• Broad public understanding of “Science as a Way of Knowing” is poor.• Citizen Science projects can improve this understanding because they engage people, foster inquiry, and improve domain specific knowledge.• Citizen science are projects in which trained volunteers work with scientific researchers to answer real world questions.
Reference Raddick, Bracey, Carney, Gyuk, Borne, Wallin, & Jacoby (2009): “Citizen Science: Status and Research Directions for the Coming Decade” http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/kswater/images/citizen_science.htm http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/news/press/2011/nov11/11- 30EyeOnEarthPR.aspx http://www.ppt2txt.com/sppt_volunteer-interest.html "Education outreach and data collection through “citizen science” programs" Robert Stevenson, Assoc. Professor, Dept. of Biology, University of Massachusetts-Boston A Symposium held in conjunction with the Centennial Conference of the American Society for Horticultural Science Saturday, October 4, 2003 Providence, RI