OutlineIntroduction The Idea of Citizen Science? What is a Citizen Science . Citizen Science activities. Definition of Citizen Science. History of Citizen Science. Citizen Science is a new technology. Quality and trust of Citizen Science data. Examples of Citizen Science. Conclusion
The Idea of Citizen Science?What is Citizen science ?is scientific research conducted,in whole or in part,by amateur ornonprofessional scientists.
What is Citizen Science? Citizen science is sometimes called "public participation in scientific research."
Citizen Science activities activity Examplehelp gather data that will be analyzed by The Audubonprofessional researchers Societys Christmas Bird Count, which began in 1900can help analyze data that has been SETI Live, Galaxy Zoo, andgathered by professional researchers other Zooniverse projectscan volunteer at a research center or join a Earthwatch Institute.research expeditioncan compete in competition NASAs International Space Apps Challengecan build and operate their own instruments include amateur radio, amateurto gather data for their own experiments or astronomy, and Makeractivities.as part of a larger projectcan travel to areas that are seldom visitedby professional researchers James Camerons DeepSea Challenger project and Citizens in Space
Definition of Citizen Science. other definitions of the term "citizen science":(2) the engagement of nonscientists in true decision-making about policy issues that have technical orscientific components; and(3) the engagement of research scientists in thedemocratic and policy process.—Bruce V. Lewenstein
History of Citizen Science."Citizen science"is a fairly new term but an old practice.
Citizen Science is a new tecnologymobile phones and other consumerelectronic devices with recordingcapabilities for easy data collectionExample: the San Francisco project, the WildLab , iNaturalist , andProject Noah iPhone apps for monitoring birds, marinewildlife, and other organisms, and the NASA meteorcounter app.
Citizen Science is a new tecnologyInternet has also been a boonto citizen science.Example: NASAs Stardust@home, Clickworkers, SETI Liv, andvariousZooniverse projects such as Galaxy Zoo, Foldit,and the Phylo video game. National Geographic hasan archeology project, Field Expedition: Mongolia
Quality and trust of Citizen Science data.To achieve data quality improvement in citizen sciencecontext, it is necessary to identify the criteria for highqualitydata. To do this, they employ a data quality measurecycle thatincludes:1. Identifying the data quality dimensions2. Performing data quality measures3. Analyzing the results and identifying discrepancies4. Implementing tools that provide necessary actionstoimprove the quality of data
Example of Citizen Science.Urban Tree Phenology (UTP)a project of Project BudBurst and the USDA Forest Servicecitizen science program that sought to educe the public, including theprofessionals and the amateurs among them, in collecting urban treephenophase data. UTP participants monitored and reported the stagesof phenological events, such as First Leaf and Leaf Fall, of twenty-fournative and cultivated urban tree species.Data collected will support the long-term research of----plant ecology,----climate change,----public health,----urban heat islands on tree physiology,----and urban tree management.
Example of Citizen Science.UTP, using the architectures of online learning phase description Phase 1 has developed two instructional tutorials to assist data collection (Phase 1). The instructional tutorials were published online, in print and PowerPoint formats, at www.UrbanTreePhenology.com. By completing these tutorials, participants will gain the skills necessary to provide urban tree phenological data to national research databases via the Internet. Phase 2 will test and review the instructional materials developed Phase 3 the administrators of UTP will distribute promotional materials, to national research organizations, and to participants of the Project BudBurst national citizen science campaign.
For Quality of the Data They Put ThisInformation ,,,About eBird eBird Quick Start Guide Why should I eBird? What is My eBird? What data are appropriate? How can I make my checklists more valuable?I mproving your eBird reporting skillsHow will scientists use your observations?eBird Tutorial Uploading your records eBird Regional Portals eBird Data QualityHotspots eBird Taxonomy
ConclusionCitizen Science AND Distributed Systems
References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citizen_scienceA Citizen Science Campaign Encouraging Urban Forest Professionals to Engage thePublic in the Collection of Tree Phenological Data .By Karl C. Clarke.Enhancing the Quality and Trust of Citizen ScienceDataAbdulmonem Alabri, Jane Hunter http://www.scientificamerican.com/citizen-science/ http://povesham.wordpress.com/2011/11/27/citizen-science-as-participatory-science http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-OxO0eOnntE http://ebird.org/content/ebird