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Hybridization
Sp 3   Hybridization in methaneWhen you make sp3 hybrid orbitals all 4 atomic orbitalsbecome hybridized to yield 4 identic...
Formation of a single bond (sigma bond)            Each C in ethylene is sp2 hybridized            The first bond forms fr...
Formation of a single bond (sigma bond)             Each C in ethylene is sp2 hybridized             The first bond forms ...
Formation of a single bond (sigma bond)             Each C in ethylene is sp2 hybridized             The first bond forms ...
Formation of a double bond (pi bond)         The second bond is formed from the side-         to-side overlap of the uncha...
Formation of a double bond (pi bond)         The second bond is formed from the side-         to-side overlap of the uncha...
Formation of a double bond (pi bond)         The second bond is formed from the side-         to-side overlap of the uncha...
Formation of a double bond (pi bond)         The second bond is formed from the side-         to-side overlap of the uncha...
Formation of a double bond (pi bond)         The second bond is formed from the side-         to-side overlap of the uncha...
Formation of a double bond (pi bond)         The second bond is formed from the side-         to-side overlap of the uncha...
Sp Hybridization   When you make sp hybrids, two atomic p orbitals           (Pz and Py) remain unchanged  The sp hybrid  ...
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Hybridization

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Hybridization

  1. 1. Hybridization
  2. 2. Sp 3 Hybridization in methaneWhen you make sp3 hybrid orbitals all 4 atomic orbitalsbecome hybridized to yield 4 identical hybrid orbitals. H1s H1s H1s H1s
  3. 3. Formation of a single bond (sigma bond) Each C in ethylene is sp2 hybridized The first bond forms from the head on overlap of the sp2 hybrid orbitals
  4. 4. Formation of a single bond (sigma bond) Each C in ethylene is sp2 hybridized The first bond forms from the head on overlap of the sp2 hybrid orbitals Hybrid orbitals that come together in a head on collision will always form a sigma bond
  5. 5. Formation of a single bond (sigma bond) Each C in ethylene is sp2 hybridized The first bond forms from the head on overlap of the sp2 hybrid orbitals Single bonds are H1s called sigma bonds H1s (σ) σ bond H1s H1s How does the double bond form?
  6. 6. Formation of a double bond (pi bond) The second bond is formed from the side- to-side overlap of the unchanged p orbital σ bond
  7. 7. Formation of a double bond (pi bond) The second bond is formed from the side- to-side overlap of the unchanged p orbital σ bond
  8. 8. Formation of a double bond (pi bond) The second bond is formed from the side- to-side overlap of the unchanged p orbital σ bond
  9. 9. Formation of a double bond (pi bond) The second bond is formed from the side- to-side overlap of the unchanged p orbital σ bond
  10. 10. Formation of a double bond (pi bond) The second bond is formed from the side- to-side overlap of the unchanged p orbital σ bond
  11. 11. Formation of a double bond (pi bond) The second bond is formed from the side- to-side overlap of the unchanged p orbital Double bonds occur from the combination of one sigma bond and one pi bond (π) π bond σ bond π bond
  12. 12. Sp Hybridization When you make sp hybrids, two atomic p orbitals (Pz and Py) remain unchanged The sp hybrid πorbitals will form pz sigma bonds σ sp sp σThe p orbitalsare availablefor further π π bonding Two P orbitals available two pi bonds triple bond can be formed (1 σ and 2 π)

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