Set DUALL in its wider context – create a community of practice to influence this project.
Objectives inc. . . . Inspirational international show case of a retrofit building.Achieve government carbon reduction targets in a cost effective manner.Demonstrator for positive energy buildings.International lab for research and teaching in renewable energy and sustainable development.Source for learning and best practice for other public sector buildings.Shape the future research and policy agenda. Become a physical embodiment of DMU’s sustainability strategy.A 3-year project.Led by the IESD and the estates department. Steered through the Sustainable Development Task Force.looking for individuals, business, and organisations to partner with us throughout the life-cycle.Project phases:MeasureReduceRenewables
In short – we want to reduce the energy consumption of the IT in the Queens building, by working with the people in it. Not telling people what they should do, but working with them – hence why you are all here today.
the footprint of the ICT industry is set to rise [0.5 GtCO2e today] to 1.4 GtCO2e in 20203; ie a 280% increase at global level, largely due to the expected increased take-up of ICT in developing economies.” (ICT for Energy Efficiency EU Report) “While the sector plans to significantly step up the energy efficiency of its products and services , ICT’s largest influence will be by enabling energy efficiencies in other sectors, an opportunity that could deliver carbon savings five times larger than the total emissions from the entire ICT sector in 2020.” (SMART2020 Report 2008
Intro to duall
DUALLdeliberative approach to the living labDr Richard Bull and team.01/07/10<br />
Introductions<br />Background: Living Lab & DUALL<br />Why is ICT a problem? The environmental challenge<br />Group discussion<br />Next steps<br />
Queens Building 1995-2010<br />At heart of DMU campus<br />Houses <br />Faculty of Technology<br />Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development<br />Green Building of the Year 1995<br />RIBA Award 1995<br />Europe's largest naturally ventilated building (at the time) <br />The entire building is naturally ventilated, passively cooled and naturally lit<br />Poor energy rating- D<br />CHP never worked<br />Gross Floor Area:110,000 ft²<br />Construction Period: November 1991 -August 1993<br />Total Project Cost:£9.7 million sterling<br />
The living labvision<br /><ul><li>A world class iconic centre of a sustainable building.
A visible statement of DMU’s commitment to sustainable development.
Achieved through applied research, user engagement and innovative partnerships.</li></li></ul><li>Duall<br />12 month research project funded by JISC’s Greening ICT programme<br />Aims : To understand the role of ICT in reducing energy consumption of a large scale public building through the design of an ICT interface connecting building users to their electricity consumption.<br />Baseline evaluation<br />Deliberation (Public engagement) & community of practice<br />On-line tools – website/writetoreply<br />
OBJECTIVES<br />To design and test an ICT tool connecting building users to their energy consumption. <br />To engage in an innovative, deliberative upstream approach in the design of the application. <br />To understand the extent to which building users can impact the performance of the environment they are in.<br />To what extent is this contribution, given claims that smart buildings, which use ICT to monitor and manage this consumption, have the potential to reduce utilities consumption by 10–20%.<br />To contribute to the Living Lab<br />To understand the impact of ICT interfaces on user-behaviour.<br />
The environmental challenge:<br />Energy, Efficiency and Emissions<br />Joss Winn<br />email@example.com<br />http://joss.blogs.lincoln.ac.uk<br />10<br />
Energy, Environment, Economy<br />There is a strong correlation between energy use and GDP. Global energy demand is on the rise yet oil supply is forecast to decline in the next few years. There is no precedent for oil discoveries to make up for the shortfall, nor is there a precedent for efficiencies to relieve demand on this scale. Public sector debt is a burden that ultimately requires economic growth to pay it off. Energy supply looks likely to constrain growth.<br />Global emissions currently exceed the IPCC 'marker' scenario range. The Climate Change Act 2008 has made the -80%/2050 target law, yet this requires a national mobilisation akin to war-time. Probably impossible but could radically change the direction of HE in terms of skills required and spending available.<br />
I = P x A x T<br /> The impact of human activities (I) is determined by the overall population (P), the level of affluence (A) and the level of technology (T).<br />Even as the efficiency of technology improves, affluence and population scale up the impacts.<br />12<br />
Technology as an efficiency factor?<br />Where did the efficiencies go? <br />Population rise and economic growth<br />13<br />
We are energy efficient!<br />“Energy efficiency improvement was an important phenomenon in the global energy balance over the past 30 years. Without energy efficiency improvements, the OECD nations would have used approximately 49% more energy than was actually consumed as of 1998.”<br />Small print: Nevertheless, OECD energy use continues to rise. In 2000 it was 39% higher than in 1973.<br />14<br />
Kidding ourselves about consumption...?<br />The UK reported a 15% decrease in emissions from 1990-2005.<br />However, UK emissions increased by around 19% when emissions from aviation, overseas trade, shipping and tourism were accounted for. <br />“The UK’s environmental impact is as significant from the <br />resources exploited to produce its imports as from the domestic resources it <br />consumes. It mandates counting emissions on a consumption basis.” (Dieter Helm 2007)<br />17<br />
“From 2000 to 2006 UK energy efficiency increased by about 2% per year... Because the effects of technological change (including changes in the economy toward services and away from energy intensive industry) just about balanced the overall growth of the economy for the past decade, the UK has seen little growth in its overall carbon dioxide emissions.” (Pielke 2009)<br />18<br />
‘Rebound demands’<br />by the same consumer for the same product or service; <br />by the same consumer for a different product or service; <br />by a different consumer for the same product or service; <br />by a different consumer for a different product or service.<br />No rebound. Increase leisure, work less, reduce purchasing power.<br />20<br />
‘Rebound’ is not new<br />“If our parents doubled their income, or doubled the use of iron, or doubled the agricultural produce of the country, then so ought we, unless we are changed either in character or circumstances.” – Jevons 1865<br />21<br />
Why is it a problem<br />It is estimated that ICT accounts for 2% of global carbon dioxide emissions, and that its use in UK further and higher education generates over 500,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions per year<br />The UK government has a target to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 26% from 1990 levels by 2020<br />Personal computing (PCs, laptops, monitors) is the main area of ICT-related energy consumption in UK universities and colleges, at 40–50% of the total, and digital printing is a further 10–16%*<br />The overall energy use is growing at a much faster rate than technological development and deployment can offset<br />*JISC Susteit Report 2009<br />
Discussion: the role of information in changing behaviour<br />Would you like to know the consumption of your own ICT equipment?<br />Would you like to know the consumption of your team/department’s ICT equipment?<br />How would you like it presented?<br />£s Kwhs, CO2, text alerts, emails, phone app, web based, etc etc<br />